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Honolulu, HI, United States

Fufa T.D.,U.S. National Cancer Institute | Fufa T.D.,National Human Genome Research Institute | Byun J.S.,U.S. National Cancer Institute | Wakano C.,U.S. National Cancer Institute | And 5 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications

The eleven-nineteen lysine-rich leukemia protein (ELL) is a key regulator of RNA polymerase II mediated transcription. ELL facilitates RNA polymerase II transcription pause site entry and release by dynamically interacting with p300 and the positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb). In this study, we investigated the role of ELL during the HTLV-1 Tax oncogene induced transactivation. We show that ectopic expression of Tax enhances ELL incorporation into p300 and P-TEFb containing transcriptional complexes and the subsequent recruitment of these complexes to target genes in vivo. Depletion of ELL abrogates Tax induced transactivation of the immediate early genes Fos, Egr2 and NF-kB, suggesting that ELL is an essential cellular cofactor of the Tax oncogene. Thus, our study identifies a novel mechanism of ELL-dependent transactivation of immediate early genes by Tax and provides the rational for further defining the genome-wide targets of Tax and ELL. Source

Faouzi M.,University of Picardie Jules Verne | Faouzi M.,Queens Center for Biomedical Research | Hague F.,University of Picardie Jules Verne | Geerts D.,Erasmus Medical Center | And 5 more authors.

Intracellular Ca2+ levels are important regulators of cell cycle and proliferation. We, and others, have previously reported the role of KCa3.1 (KCNN4) channels in regulating the membrane potential and the Ca2+ entry in association with cell proliferation. However, the relevance of KC3.1 channels in cancer prognosis as well as the molecular mechanism of Ca2+ entry triggered by their activation remain undetermined. Here, we show that RNAi-mediated knockdown of KCa3.1 and/or TRPC1 leads to a significant decrease in cell proliferation due to cell cycle arrest in the G1 phase. These results are consistent with the observed upregulation of both channels in synchronized cells at the end of G1 phase. Additionally, knockdown of TRPC1 suppressed the Ca2+ entry induced by 1-EBIO-mediated KCa3.1 activation, suggesting a functional cooperation between TRPC1 and KCa3.1 in the regulation of Ca2+ entry, possibly within lipid raft microdomains where these two channels seem to co-localize. We also show significant correlations between KCa3.1 mRNA expression and poor patient prognosis and unfavorable clinical breast cancer parameters by mining large datasets in the public domain. Together, these results highlight the importance of KCa3.1 in regulating the proliferative mechanisms in breast cancer cells as well as in providing a promising novel target in prognosis and therapy. Source

Faouzi M.,University of Picardie Jules Verne | Faouzi M.,Queens Center for Biomedical Research | Kischel P.,University of Picardie Jules Verne | Hague F.,University of Picardie Jules Verne | And 6 more authors.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research

Members of the Orai family are highly selective calcium ion channels that play an important role in store-operated calcium entry. Among the three known Orai isoforms, Orai3 has gained increased attention, notably for its emerging role in cancer. We recently demonstrated that Orai3 channels are over-expressed in breast cancer (BC) biopsies, and involved specifically in proliferation, cell cycle progression and survival of MCF-7 BC cells. Here, we investigate the downstream signaling mechanisms affected by Orai3 silencing, leading to the subsequent functional impact specifically seen in MCF-7 cancer cells. We report a correlation between Orai3 and c-myc expression in tumor tissues and in the MCF-7 cancer cell line by demonstrating that Orai3 down-regulation reduces both expression and activity of the proto-oncogene c-myc. This is likely mediated through the MAP Kinase pathway, as we observed decreased pERK1/2 levels and cell-cycle arrest in G1 phase after Orai3 silencing. Our results provide strong evidence that the c-myc proto-oncogene is influenced by the store-operated calcium entry channel Orai3 through the MAP kinase pathway. This connection provides new clues in the downstream mechanism linking Orai3 channels and proliferation, cell cycle progression and survival of MCF-7 BC cells. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source

Horton J.S.,University of Hawaii at Manoa | Wakano C.T.,Queens Center for Biomedical Research | Speck M.,Chaminade University of Honolulu | Stokes A.J.,University of Hawaii at Manoa | Stokes A.J.,Chaminade University of Honolulu

Two-pore channels (TPC1, 2, and 3) are recently identified endolysosmal ion channels, but remain poorly characterized. In this study, we show for the first time a role for TPC1 in cytokinesis, the final step in cell division. HEK 293 T-REx cells inducibly overexpressing TPC1 demonstrated a lack of proliferation accompanied by multinucleation and an increase in G2/M cycling cells. Increased TPC1 was associated with a concomitant accumulation of active RhoGTP and a decrease in phosphorylated myosin light chain (MLC). Finally, we demonstrated a novel interaction between TPC1 and citron kinase (CIT). These results identify TPC1 as a central component of cytokinetic control, specifically during abscission, and introduce a means by which the endolysosomal system may play an active role in this process. © 2015 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source

Beck A.,Queens Center for Biomedical Research | Beck A.,University of Hawaii at Manoa | Beck A.,Saarland University | Fleig A.,Queens Center for Biomedical Research | And 6 more authors.
Cell Calcium

Deviations from physiological pH (~pH 7.2) as well as altered Ca2+ signaling play important roles in immune disease and cancer. One of the most ubiquitous pathways for cellular Ca2+ influx is the store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) or Ca2+ release-activated Ca2+ current (ICRAC), which is activated upon depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores. We here show that extracellular and intracellular changes in pH regulate both endogenous ICRAC in Jurkat T lymphocytes and RBL2H3 cells, and heterologous ICRAC in HEK293 cells expressing the molecular components STIM1/2 and Orai1/2/3 (CRACM1/2/3). We find that external acidification suppresses, and alkalization facilitates IP3-induced ICRAC. In the absence of IP3, external alkalization did not elicit endogenous ICRAC but was able to activate heterologous ICRAC in HEK293 cells expressing Orai1/2/3 and STIM1 or STIM2. Similarly, internal acidification reduced IP3-induced activation of endogenous and heterologous ICRAC, while alkalization accelerated its activation kinetics without affecting overall current amplitudes. Mutation of two aspartate residues to uncharged alanine amino acids (D110/112A) in the first extracellular loop of Orai1 significantly attenuated both the inhibition of ICRAC by external acidic pH as well as its facilitation by alkaline conditions. We conclude that intra- and extracellular pH differentially regulates ICRAC. While intracellular pH might affect aggregation and/or binding of STIM to Orai, external pH seems to modulate ICRAC through its channel pore, which in Orai1 is partially mediated by residues D110 and D112. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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