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Brussels, Belgium

Hing M.,National Reference Center Anaplasma | Woestyn S.,Laboratoire Danalyses Medicales J Woestyn | van Bosterhaut B.,Center Hospitalier Of Mouscron | Heyman P.,Research Laboratory for Vector Borne Diseases | And 7 more authors.
New Microbes and New Infections

We report here one new, hospitalized case of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in Belgium. The clinical presentation of anaplasmosis, its treatment and the molecular and serological relevant laboratory methods are briefly developed. © 2014 The Authors. Source

Keune H.,Research Institute for Nature and Forest INBO | Keune H.,University of Antwerp | Keune H.,University of Namur | Kretsch C.,Co Operation on Health and Biodiversity COHAB | And 22 more authors.
Environmental Research Letters

Internationally, the importance of a coordinated effort to protect both biodiversity and public health is more and more recognized. These issues are often concentrated or particularly challenging in urban areas, and therefore on-going urbanization worldwide raises particular issues both for the conservation of living natural resources and for population health strategies. These challenges include significant difficulties associated with sustainable management of urban ecosystems, urban development planning, social cohesion and public health. An important element of the challenge is the need to interface between different forms of knowledge and different actors from science and policy. We illustrate this with examples from Belgium, showcasing concrete cases of human-nature interaction. To better tackle these challenges, since 2011, actors in science, policy and the broader Belgian society have launched a number of initiatives to deal in a more integrated manner with combined biodiversity and public health challenges in the face of ongoing urbanization. This emerging community of practice in Belgium exemplifies the importance of interfacing at different levels. (1) Bridges must be built between science and the complex biodiversity/ecosystem-human/public health-urbanization phenomena. (2) Bridges between different professional communities and disciplines are urgently needed. (3) Closer collaboration between science and policy, and between science and societal practice is needed. Moreover, within each of these communities closer collaboration between specialized sections is needed. © 2013 IOP Publishing Ltd. Source

Van Hemelen G.,University of Antwerp | Van Genechten M.,University of Antwerp | Renier L.,University of Antwerp | Desmedt M.,Kiefer und Gesichtschirurgie | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery

Introduction Throughout the history of computing, shortening the gap between the physical and digital world behind the screen has always been strived for. Recent advances in three-dimensional (3D) virtual surgery programs have reduced this gap significantly. Although 3D assisted surgery is now widely available for orthognathic surgery, one might still argue whether a 3D virtual planning approach is a better alternative to a conventional two-dimensional (2D) planning technique. The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of a traditional 2D technique and a 3D computer-aided prediction method. Methods A double blind randomised prospective study was performed to compare the prediction accuracy of a traditional 2D planning technique versus a 3D computer-aided planning approach. The accuracy of the hard and soft tissue profile predictions using both planning methods was investigated. Results There was a statistically significant difference between 2D and 3D soft tissue planning (p < 0.05). The statistically significant difference found between 2D and 3D planning and the actual soft tissue outcome was not confirmed by a statistically significant difference between methods. Conclusions The 3D planning approach provides more accurate soft tissue planning. However, the 2D orthognathic planning is comparable to 3D planning when it comes to hard tissue planning. This study provides relevant results for choosing between 3D and 2D planning in clinical practice. © 2015 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Source

Van Tiggelen D.,Military Hospital Queen Astrid | Van Tiggelen D.,Ghent University | Coorevits P.,Ghent University | Bernard E.,Military Hospital Queen Astrid | And 2 more authors.
Isokinetics and Exercise Science

Background: Previous studies have indicated that wearing a patellofemoral brace during strenuous training resulted in a decreased incidence of anterior knee pain (AKP). However whether this effect is derived from quadriceps enhancement remains unknown. Study design: Randomized controlled clinical trial. Methods: Ninety-eight military recruits, 35 'with-brace' and 63 without, underwent concentric isokinetic tests at 60 and 240°/s of the quadriceps prior to and following a 6-week basic military training (BMT). The randomly selected 35 subjects 'with brace' received a pair of patellofemoral braces (On-Track, DJ Ortho) and were instructed to wear these braces throughout training. Results: Baseline strength characteristics of the quadriceps were not significantly different between the braced and non-braced group (p > 0.05). No significant time-effect was observed in the braced group. There was a significant decrease in quadriceps strength at 60°/s after BMT in the non-braced subjects (p < 0.001) while at this speed these subjects had a significantly (p =0.02) lower strength compared to their non-braced counterparts. Conclusion: Patellofemoral bracing may be effective in preventing a decrease in quadriceps strength after prolonged strenuous training. © 2011 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved. Source

Bernard A.,Military Hospital Queen Astrid | Delvosalle C.,University of Mons | El Hiki L.,University of Mons | Van Daele A.,University of Mons | And 2 more authors.
61st Annual IIE Conference and Expo Proceedings

Over the last few decades, projects focused on patient safety have attracted growing attention. In 2004, the WHO launched the World Alliance for Patient Safety programs, which have already been applied in several areas within hospital organizations, making patient safety an international concern. In the field of blood transfusion, donor safety and patient safety are taken into account through the entire hospital Labile Blood Components (LBC) transfusion process. The research presented in this paper proposes an integrated approach for modeling complex interactions (information, decision and operating work flows) between LBC agents and describes organizational safety barriers inside this network. Furthermore, this organizational risks model, combined to a non-conformity reporting management system (HERMES©) will constitute a dynamic early warning system. Finally, this approach could lead to network vulnerability analysis in case of agent, safety barriers or organizational failure. Source

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