Ling X.-Y.,Quarantine Technical Center |
Zhang G.,Quarantine Technical Center |
Pan G.,Quarantine Technical Center |
Long H.,Quarantine Technical Center |
And 5 more authors.
Analytical Biochemistry | Year: 2015
To clearly discriminate the results of simultaneous screening and quantification of up to 40 different targets-DNA sequences, long probes from 100 to 500 nt, rather than smaller or similar-sized synthetic ones, were adopted for multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA). To prepare the long probes, asymmetric polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was employed to introduce non-complementary stuffers in between the two parts of the MLPA probe with specially designed primers, then restriction enzymes were selected to digest the double-stranded DNAs, and finally polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was used to purify the single-stranded DNAs (i.e., the long probes). By using this approach, 12 long probes were prepared and used to identify genetically modified (GM) maize. Our experimental results show that the prepared long probes were in full accordance with the designed ones and could be assembled in 4-, 7-, and 10-plex MLPA analysis without losing result specificity and accuracy, showing they were as effective and reliable in MLPA analysis as those prepared with M13-derived vectors. This novel asymmetric PCR-based approach does not need expensive equipment, special reagents, or complicated operations when compared with previous methods. Therefore, our new approach could make MLPA analysis more independent, efficient, and economical. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.