Qiqihar, China
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Cui H.,Qiqihar Medical College | Cui H.,Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine | Lin Y.,Qiqihar Medical College | Yue L.,Institute of Medicine | And 2 more authors.
Oncology Reports | Year: 2011

Aberrant sialylation is closely associated with the malignant phenotype of cancer cells and metastatic potential. However, the precise nature of the molecules in breast cancers has not been unveiled. In this study, we investigated the expression levels of α2,3-sialic acid residues of 50 primary tumor cases, 50 pair-matched lymph node metastasis tumor samples and in the MDA-MB-231, T-47D and MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines with different metastatic potential. The expression of α2,3-sialic acid residues was analyzed by histochemistry, cytochemistry and flow cytometry with Maackia amurensis lectin (MAL). The invasion and migration abilities of cells were examined using cell adhesion and transwell in vitro assays. Pair-matched lymph node metastasis tumor samples exhibited higher levels of expression of α2,3-sialic acid residues compared to that of primary tumors (P=0.0432). Furthermore, of 38 tumors cases in T1/T2 stages, 31 (81.58%) had weak staining for MAL, which specifically binds to α2,3-sialic acid residues, whereas of 12 tumor cases in T3/T4 stages, only 1 (8.33%) had weak reactions for MAL. The highly metastatic breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 exhibited the strongest binding to MAL and the highest expression levels of α2,3-sialic acid residues among the selected cell lines, depending on mRNA expression levels of α2,3-sialyltransferase gene. The adhesion, invasion and migration activities confirmed that MDA-MB-231 exhibited the greater cell adhesion to, migration toward and invasion to Matrigel. Taken together, the high expression of α2,3-sialic acid residues in breast cancer was associated with metastatic potential. This property may be important for developing new therapeutic approaches for breast cancer.


Gao X.-R.,Fudan University | Gao X.-R.,Qiqihar Medical College | Tan Y.-Z.,Fudan University | Wang H.-J.,Fudan University
Circulation Journal | Year: 2011

Background: The high death rate of the transplanted stem cells in the infarcted heart and low efficiency of differentiation toward cardiomyocytes show that mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation after myocardial infarction (MI) is not effective. Csx/Nkx2.5 and GATA-4 are considered to be key regulators of cardiogenesis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of transplanting MSC overexpressing Csx/Nkx2.5 and GATA-4 (MSCs-CG) after MI. Methods and Results: According to acridine orange/ethidium bromide staining, MSCs-CG were more resistant to anoxia as compared with MSCs in vitro. In a mouse MI model, ejection fraction and fractional shortening were higher in the MSC-CG group than in the MSC or phosphate-buffered saline group. Wall thickness of the infarct area was increased and collagen deposition was clearly reduced in the MSC-CG group as compared with the other groups. There were more surviving MSCs in the MSC-CG group than in the MSC group. Most of the Y chromosome-positive cells expressed cardiac troponin T and connexin43 (Cx-43). Cx-43 was localized between Y chromosome-positive cells and recipient cardiomyocytes. Microvessel density in the peri-infarct regions and infarct regions increased significantly in the MSC-CG group. Conclusions: Transplantation of MSCs overexpressing Csx/Nkx2.5 and GATA-4 represents a new treatment strategy with the potential to improve cardiac function after MI.


Hou C.,Chongqing Medical University | Shen L.,Qiqihar Medical College | Huang Q.,Chongqing Medical University | Huang Q.,Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Biomaterials | Year: 2013

Diabetic ischemic ulcer is an intractable diabetic complication. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) have great potential in variety of tissue repair. In fact, poor cell viability and tolerance limit their ability for tissue repair. In addition, it is difficult for stem cells to home and locate to the lesion. In this study, we explore whether over-expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in BMSCs complexed with collagen play an important role in treatment of diabetic ischemic ulcers. In vitro, over-expression of HO-1 promoted the proliferation and paracrine activity of BMSCs and the conditioned medium of BMSCs accelerated HUVECs migration and proliferation. These processes were closely related to Akt signaling pathway and were not dependent on Erk signaling pathway. In vivo, in order to make BMSCs directly act on the wound, we choose a solid collagen as a carrier, BMSCs were planted into it, ischemic wounds of diabetic mice were covered with the complex of BMSCs and collagen. The results indicate that the complex of HO-1-overexpressing BMSCs and collagen biomaterials can significantly promote angiogenesis and wound healing. These preclinical findings open new perspectives for the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.


Zhang C.J.,Qiqihar Medical College
Bing du xue bao = Chinese journal of virology / [bian ji, Bing du xue bao bian ji wei yuan hui] | Year: 2011

To observe the inhibitive effect of Baicalin against influenza A H1N1 virus infection in epithelial cell line A549, the cell proliferation and cytotoxicity were assayed by MTT, the cell cycle and the apoptosis were analyzed by flowcytometer using PI staining, the morphology of cellular nucleolus was observed by Hoechst 33258 staining and the effects of activation on caspase 3 and caspase 8/9 were also detected by immunofluorescent staining with a fluorescence microscope. The results showed that Baicalin exerted an inhibitive effect on CPE after influenza A H1N1 virus infection. The FACS with PI staining showed that the cell cycle of the infected cell was arrested at S phase, the Baicalin-treated group decreased S phase cell ratio and subG0 phase peak in comparison with the control (P < 0.05) and significantly promoted cell proliferation (# P < 0.05). Hoechst33258 staining suggested that Baicalin protected the cellular nucleolus against the influenza virus-induced apoptosis. Observation under the immunofluorescent microscope suggested that the activities of caspase-8 and caspase-3 were enhanced at 36 h post the influenza virus infection, but 100 microg/mL Baicalin suppressing the activation of caspase-8 and caspase-3 rather than that of caspase-9. In summary, this research confirmed that Baicalin inhibited the influenza A H1N1 virus strain infection in vitro, the drug obviously protected cells from apoptosis damages through regulating cell cycle and suppressed the activation of caspase-8 and caspase-3. The down-regulation was significant and showed a dose-dependent relationship.


Zhang C.,Qiqihar Medical College | Yu H.,Qiqihar Medical College | Hou J.,Qiqihar Medical College
Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi | Year: 2011

Objective: To evaluate and explore the effects of 20(S)-ginsenoside Rh 2 and 20(R)-ginsenoside Rh2 on the cytotoxicity , proliferation and the apoptosis of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells, and to illustrate the structure-activity relationship and possible mechanisms of anti-tumor active ingredients of ginseng. Method: A549 cells were treated with different concentration gradient of ginsenoside Rh2(S and R structure) and incubated for different time. Cell proliferation and cytotoxicity studies were detected by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) colorimetric assay, cell cycle and apoptotic was analyzed by PI stains and combination of Annexin V/Prop idium iodide double staining with flow cytometric analysis. The influences of activation on Caspase-3 were also detected by the immunofluorescence staining with fluorescence microscope. Result: MTT test indicated that ginsenoside Rh2 had a strong cytotoxicity activity to A549 cells. Ginsenoside Rh2 could obviously inhibit the cell proliferation in human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 at the effective doses of 25 mg·L&bsup;-1&esup; treated with 48 h. The inhibition ratio and the value of IC50 for 48 h of 20 (R)-Rh2 and 20(S)-Rh2 were respectively 28.5%, 33.6% and 33.4, 28.5 mg·L&bsup;-1&esup;. The inhibition of ginsenoside Rh2 to A549 showed structure relationship significantly, time-dependent and concentration-dependent. Flow cytometric analysis (FACS) with PI stains analysis results showed that the proportion of A549 cells in G1 phase increased, while the number of cells in S phase decreased significantly and those in G2 phase reduced slightly. This result indicated structure relationship significantly, especially in the 20(S) -ginsenoside Rh2 inhibited the proliferation of A549 cell dramatically and retarded A549 cell cycle at G0/G1 phase. The immunofluorescent of combination with Annexin VFITC/PI by flow cytometric suggested ginsenoside Rh2 can induce inchoate apoptosis rate and late apoptosis rate of A549 cell significantly. All the results showed structure relationship significantly, especially in the 20(S)-ginsenoside Rh2. The immunofluorescent with fluorescence microscope suggested the activity of Caspase-3 were enhanced after ginsenoside Rh2 treated. Conclusion: 20 (R) and 20(S)-ginsenoside Rh2 had a significant inhibitory effect on the proliferation. Compared with 20(S)-ginsenoside Rh2, 20 (S)-ginsenoside Rh 2 has been shown to have significant anticancer effects and to be capable of blocking cell proliferation and causing G, phase arrest in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells. 20(R) and 20(S)-ginsenoside Rh2 have been shown to have anticancer effects and to be capable of increasing inchoate apoptotic rate, reducing apoptotic rate significantly, enhancing the activity of Caspase-3 and inducing apoptosis in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells.


Liu D.S.,Qiqihar Medical College
Xi bao yu fen zi mian yi xue za zhi = Chinese journal of cellular and molecular immunology | Year: 2011

To investigate the potential significance of platelet-derived growth factor receptor-α (PDGFR-α) and platelet-derived growth factor A (PDGF-A) expression in mammary carcinomas, and analyze its correlation with the lymph node metastasis and the expression of PDGF-A. Used immunohistochemistry to detect the protein expression of PDGFR-α and PDGF-A in paraffinembedded breast carcinomas. The expression of PDGFR-α and PDGF-A were observed in 51.7% and 61.7% in the breast carcinomas, respectively and showed an association with lymph node metastasis (P < 0. 05). A correlation was also found with the expression of PDGFR-α and PDGF-A (P<0.05). PDGFR-α is expressed in invasive breast carcinomas and is associated with biological aggressiveness.


Tian M.,Qiqihar Medical College
WIT Transactions on Engineering Sciences | Year: 2014

After decades of reform and opening up, the comprehensive strength of China has been greatly improved, and the international political, economic, and cultural exchanges are more and more frequent. Since English is regarded as the communication language, its importance is self-evident. Therefore, English has been incorporated into education system in China. However, affected by factors such as teaching mode, the current English teaching is not effective enough. In order to research the function of computer multimedia technology in English teaching, by analyzing on the concept and features of computer multimedia technology and the current status of English teaching in China, this study finds out that the application of computer multimedia technology in English teaching can enhance the students' interest in learning and help to create a good environment for English use. © 2014 WIT Press.


Liu B.,Qiqihar Medical College
WIT Transactions on Engineering Sciences | Year: 2014

With the development of China's reform and opening up, the international exchanges and cooperation are much more than before, and English is the main spoken language in the process of communication. Therefore, China attaches great importance to education of English. Affected by teaching equipment and teaching methods, English teaching in China is relatively ineffective at present. Based on the analysis on the status-quo of English teaching in our country, this study finds that the English simulation teaching mode can improve the effectiveness of English teaching greatly. Creating a good English simulation teaching environment can only rely on the latest computer technology. © 2014 WIT Press.


Zhang H.Y.,Qiqihar Medical College
Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he za zhi Zhongguo Zhongxiyi jiehe zazhi = Chinese journal of integrated traditional and Western medicine / Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he xue hui, Zhongguo Zhong yi yan jiu yuan zhu ban | Year: 2013

To investigate effects of total paeony glucosides (TPGs) on the expressions of Toll receptors (TLR4) and interleukin-33 (IL-33) in the brain tissue of D-galactose-induced aging rats. METHODS; Fifty SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups, i.e., the blank control group, the model group, the high dose TPG group, the middle dose TPG group, and the low dose TPG group, 10 in each group. Equal volume of normal saline was subcutaneously injected to rats in the blank control group, while 10% D-galactose was subcutaneously injected to rats in the rest groups at 0.125 mL/g, once a day for 8 successive weeks to induce the aging rat model. TPG was administered at 300 mg/kg, 150 mg/kg, and 75 mg/kg to rats in the high, middle, and low dose TPG groups while injecting D-galactose from the 5th week of model preparation, once daily for 4 successive weeks. Equal volume of normal saline was administered to rats in the blank control group and the model group, once daily. The capability for learning and memory was detected using Morris water. The mRNA expressions of TLR4 and IL-33 in the brain tissue were detected using ELISA. Compared with the blank control group, the capability for learning and memory decreased in the model group with statistical difference (P < 0.05). Compared with the model group, the capability for learning and memory was obviously improved in all the medicated groups in a dose-dependent manner, showing statistical difference (P < 0.05). Compared with the blank control group, mRNA expressions of TLR4 and IL-33 in the brain tissue obviously increased after medication in the model group, showing statistical difference (P < 0.05). Compared with the model group, mRNA expressions of TLR4 and IL-33 in the brain tissue obviously decreased after medication in all the medicated groups in a dose-dependent manner, showing statistical difference (P < 0.05). TPGs improved D-galactose induced aging rats' capability for learning and memory through regulating changes of TLR4 and IL-33 expressions.


Yu X.-W.,Liaoning Medical University | Yu X.-W.,Qiqihar Medical College | Xu Q.,Liaoning Medical University | Xu Y.,Liaoning Medical University | And 2 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2014

Objective: To determine the expression of E-cadherin, β-catenin, and transcription factor 4 (TCF4) proteins in gastric diseases with relation to Helicobacter pylori infection. Methods: A total of 309 patients including 60 with superficial gastritis (SG), 57 with atrophic gastritis (AG) and 192 with gastric cancer (GC), were enrolled. The expression of E-cadherin, β-catenin, TCF4 proteins in the gastric mucosa was detected by immunohistochemistry and H. pylori infection by immunohistochemistry and PCR. Results: The expression rates of E-cadherin were significantly higher in SG and AG than in GC (P<0.01), while those of β-catenin in the nucleus were significantly lower in SG and AG than in GC (P<0.05). In GC cases, the expression rates of E-cadherin, β-catenin and TCF4 were significantly higher in the intestinal type than in the diffuse type (P<0.05). In GC patients, the expression rate of E-cadherin was significantly higher in the presence of H. pylori than in the absence of infection (P=0.011). Moreover, the expression level of TCF4 and β-catenin protein was significantly higher in the nucleus and cytoplasm in H. pylori positive than in H. pylori negative GC patients, especially in those with the intestinal type (all P < 0.05). Conclusion: The expression of E-cadherin and β-catenin progressively decreases during the process of GC tumorigenesis, while overexpression of TCF4 occurs. H. pylori infection is associated with a significant increase in the expression of E-cadherin and β-catenin in the cytoplasm and nucleus in GC patients, especially those with the intestinal type.

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