Qinghai Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Science

Xining, China

Qinghai Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Science

Xining, China

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Zhang S.-D.,East China University of Science and Technology | Shan L.,Shanghai University | Li W.,Qinghai Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Science | Li H.-L.,East China University of Science and Technology | And 2 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines | Year: 2015

The biflavonoid isochamaejasmin is mainly distributed in the root of Stellera chamaejasme L. (Thymelaeaceae) that is used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) to treat tumors, tuberculosis, and psoriasis. Herein, isochamaejasmin was found to show similar bioactivity against Bcl-2 family proteins to the reference Bcl-2 ligand (-)-gossypol through 3D similarity search. It selectively bound to Bcl-xl and Mcl-1 with Ki values being 1.93 ± 0.13 μmol·L-1 and 9.98 ± 0.21 μmol·L-1, respectively. In addition, isochamaejasmin showed slight growth inhibitory activity against HL-60 with IC50 value being 50.40 ± 1.21 μmol·L-1 and moderate growth inhibitory activity against K562 cells with IC50 value being 24.51 ± 1.62 μmol·L-1. Furthermore, isochamaejasmin induced apoptosis of K562 cells by increasing the intracellular expression levels of proteins of the cleavage of caspase-9, caspase-3, and PARP which involved in the Bcl-2-induced apoptosis pathway. These results indicated that isochamaejasmin induces apoptosis in leukemia cells by inhibiting the activity of Bcl-2 family proteins, providing evidence for further studying the underlying anti-cancer mechanism of S. chamaejasme L. © 2015 China Pharmaceutical University.


PubMed | East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai University and Qinghai Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Chinese journal of natural medicines | Year: 2015

The biflavonoid isochamaejasmin is mainly distributed in the root of Stellera chamaejasme L. (Thymelaeaceae) that is used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) to treat tumors, tuberculosis, and psoriasis. Herein, isochamaejasmin was found to show similar bioactivity against Bcl-2 family proteins to the reference Bcl-2 ligand (-)-gossypol through 3D similarity search. It selectively bound to Bcl-xl and Mcl-1 with Ki values being 1.93 0.13 molL(-1) and 9.98 0.21 molL(-1), respectively. In addition, isochamaejasmin showed slight growth inhibitory activity against HL-60 with IC50 value being 50.40 1.21 molL(-1) and moderate growth inhibitory activity against K562 cells with IC50 value being 24.51 1.62 molL(-1). Furthermore, isochamaejasmin induced apoptosis of K562 cells by increasing the intracellular expression levels of proteins of the cleavage of caspase-9, caspase-3, and PARP which involved in the Bcl-2-induced apoptosis pathway. These results indicated that isochamaejasmin induces apoptosis in leukemia cells by inhibiting the activity of Bcl-2 family proteins, providing evidence for further studying the underlying anti-cancer mechanism of S. chamaejasme L.


Hou L.,Northwest University, China | Hou L.,Qinghai Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Science | Ma D.-F.,Northwest University, China | Hu M.-L.,Northwest University, China | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Integrative Agriculture | Year: 2013

Triticum aestivum-Hayaldia villosa translocation line V3 has shown effective all-stage resistance to the seven dominant pathotypes of Puccinia striiforms f. sp. tritici prevalent in China. To elucidate the genetic basis of the resistance, the segregating populations were developed from the cross between V3 and susceptible genotype Mingxian 169, seedlings of the parents and F2 progeny were tested with six prevalent pathotypes, including CYR29, CYR31, CYR32-6, CYR33, Sun11-4, and Sun11-11, F1 plants and F3 lines were also inoculated with Sun11-11 to confirm the result further. The genetic studied results showed that the resistance of V3 against CYR29 was conferred by two dominant genes, independently, one dominant gene and one recessive gene conferring independently or a single dominant gene to confer resistance to CYR31, two complementary dominant genes conferring resistance to both CYR32-6 and Sun11-4, two independently dominant genes or three dominant genes (two of the genes show cumulative effect) conferring resistance to CYR33, a single dominant gene for resistance to Sun11-11. Resistance gene analog polymorphism (RGAP) and simple-sequence repeat (SSR) techniques were used to identify molecular markers linked to the single dominant gene (temporarily designated as YrV3) for resistance to Sun11-11. A linkage map of 2 RGAP and 7 SSR markers was constructed for the dominant gene using data from 221 F2 plants and their derived F2:3 lines tested with Sun11-11 in the greenhouse. Amplification of the complete set of nulli-tetrasomic lines of Chinese Spring with a RGAP marker RG1 mapped the gene on the chromosome 1B, and then the linked 7 SSR markers located this gene on the long arm of chromosome 1B. The linkage map spanned a genetic distance of 25.0 cM, the SSR markers Xgwm124 and Xcfa2147 closely linked to YrV3 with genetic distances of 3.0 and 3.8 cM, respectively. Based on the linkage map, it concluded that the resistance gene YrV3 was located on chromosome arm 1BL. Given chromosomal location, the reaction patterns and pedigree analysis, YrV3 should be a novel gene for resistance to stripe rust in wheat. These closely linked markers should be useful in stacking genes from different sources for wheat breeding and diversification of resistance genes against stripe rust. © 2013 Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences.


Zou L.,Qinghai Academy of Agriculture and Forestry science | Ross B.M.,Lakehead University | Hutchison L.J.,Lakehead University | Christopher L.P.,Lakehead University | And 2 more authors.
Enzyme and Microbial Technology | Year: 2015

Demethylation of industrial lignin has been for long coveted as a pathway to the production of an abundant natural substitute for fossil-oil derived phenol. In an attempt to possibly identify a novel Kraft lignin-demethylating enzyme, we surveyed a collection of fungi by using selected ion flow tube-mass spectrometry (SIFT-MS). This method readily identifies methanol resulting from lignin demethylation activity. Absidia cylindrospora, and unidentified Cylindrocladium sp. and Aspergillus sp. were shown to metabolize lignin via different pathways, based on the HPLC analysis of lignin fragments. Of these three, Cylindrocladium and Aspergillus were shown to retain most of the lignin intact after 3 weeks in culture, while removing about 40% of the available methoxy groups. Our results demonstrate that after optimization of culture and lignin recovery methods, biological modification of Kraft lignin may be a feasible pathway to obtaining demethylated lignin for further industrial use. © 2015.


PubMed | Qinghai Academy of Agriculture and Forestry science and Lakehead University
Type: | Journal: Enzyme and microbial technology | Year: 2015

Demethylation of industrial lignin has been for long coveted as a pathway to the production of an abundant natural substitute for fossil-oil derived phenol. In an attempt to possibly identify a novel Kraft lignin-demethylating enzyme, we surveyed a collection of fungi by using selected ion flow tube-mass spectrometry (SIFT-MS). This method readily identifies methanol resulting from lignin demethylation activity. Absidia cylindrospora, and unidentified Cylindrocladium sp. and Aspergillus sp. were shown to metabolize lignin via different pathways, based on the HPLC analysis of lignin fragments. Of these three, Cylindrocladium and Aspergillus were shown to retain most of the lignin intact after 3 weeks in culture, while removing about 40% of the available methoxy groups. Our results demonstrate that after optimization of culture and lignin recovery methods, biological modification of Kraft lignin may be a feasible pathway to obtaining demethylated lignin for further industrial use.


PubMed | Qinghai Academy of Agriculture and Forestry science and Northeast Agricultural University
Type: | Journal: Scientific reports | Year: 2017

Understanding soil microbial communities in agroecosystems has the potential to contribute to the improvement of agricultural productivity and sustainability. Effects of conversion from long-term wheat plantation to Jerusalem artichoke (JA) plantation on soil fungal communities were determined by amplicon sequencing of total fungal ITS regions. Quantitative PCR and PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis were also used to analyze total fungal and Trichoderma spp. ITS regions and Fusarium spp. Ef1 genes. Results showed that soil organic carbon was higher in the first cropping of JA and Olsen P was lower in the third cropping of JA. Plantation conversion changed soil total fungal and Fusarium but not Trichoderma spp. community structures and compositions. The third cropping of JA had the lowest total fungal community diversity and Fusarium spp. community abundance, but had the highest total fungal and Trichoderma spp. community abundances. The relative abundances of potential fungal pathogens of wheat were higher in the wheat field. Fungal taxa with plant growth promoting, plant pathogen or insect antagonistic potentials were enriched in the first and second cropping of JA. Overall, short-term conversion from wheat to JA plantation changed soil fungal communities, which is related to changes in soil organic carbon and Olsen P contents.


Ye J.,Qinghai Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Science | Wang S.,Northwest University, China | Zhang F.,Qinghai Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Science | Xie D.,Qinghai Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Science | Yao Y.,Qinghai Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Science
Plant OMICS | Year: 2013

Drought is an abiotic stress that strongly influences plant growth, development and productivity. To understand the drought tolerance mechanism at the protein level in wheat, a differential proteomics study was carried out on young spring wheat leaves of different genotypes in PEG-stressed and rewatered, using two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-DE). A 2-DE pattern with high resolution and good reproducibility was obtained after staining with Coomassie brilliant blue G-250. Using PDQuest software, 600 protein spots were clearly identified from the treatment and control groups with isoelectric points ranging from 4.0 to 7.0. Thirty-eight differentially expressed protein spots were MALDI-TOF/TOF-MS fingerprinted using 2-DE gel and 35 spots were identified by search through the NCBInr database using Mascot software. Of 35 proteins, twenty-one proteins changed in abundance after PEG stress, with 15 proteins up-regulated, whereas 6 proteins down-regulated. Twenty four hour after rewatering, there were 5 proteins up-regulated and 9 proteins down-regulated compared to the well-watered control. Twenty-two differentially expressed proteins were detected in Qingchun 38 and 13 proteins in Abbondanza. They were involved in photosynthesis, protein biosynthesis, energy pathway, carbon metabolism, cell defense, oxidation reduction, transportation and signal transduction. Our proteomics results suggested that drought stress significantly affects wheat photosynthesis.


Xu Z.,Northwest University, China | Xu Z.,Qinghai Academy of Agriculture and Forestry science | Gongbuzhaxi,Northwest University, China | Wang C.,Northwest University, China | And 3 more authors.
Plant Physiology and Biochemistry | Year: 2015

Soil salinity is considered as one of the most severe abiotic stress factors, which limit plant growth and cause significant losses in crop yield. NAC transcription factors have been proven to play vital roles in abiotic stress signaling in plants. As a staple crop, wheat production is severely constrained by salt stress whereas only a few NAC genes have been characterized functionally. To promote the application of NAC genes in wheat improvement by genetic engineering, a NAC gene designated TaNAC29 was characterized in common wheat. Expression analysis showed that TaNAC29 gene was involved in response to salt, drought and ABA treatments. TaNAC29 protein displays transactivation activity. To determine its role, transgenic Arabidopsis overexpressing TaNAC29 controlled by the CaMV-35S promoter was generated and subjected to salt stress for morphological and physiological assays. Morphological analysis showed that transgenic plants had enhanced tolerance to salt stress, as indicated by improved physiological traits, including more green leaves, reduced H2O2 accumulation, strengthened cell membrane stability and higher SOD, POD, CAT and APX activities. Moreover, the transcript levels of stress-related genes were significantly higher in TaNAC29 overexpression line than those in WT under salt treatment. Taken together, our results demonstrate that TaNAC29 confers salt stress tolerance through reducing H2O2 accumulation and membrane damage by enhancing the antioxidant system, and participating in regulating the abiotic stress-responsive signaling pathway. © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS.


Xu Z.,Northwest University, China | Xu Z.,Qinghai Academy of Agriculture and Forestry science | Wang C.,Northwest University, China | Xue F.,Shihezi University | And 2 more authors.
Plant Physiology and Biochemistry | Year: 2015

Soil salinity is considered as one of the most severe abiotic stress factors, which limit plant growth and cause significant losses in crop yield. NAC transcription factors have been proven to play vital roles in abiotic stress signaling in plants. As a staple crop, wheat production is severely constrained by salt stress whereas only a few NAC genes have been characterized functionally. To promote the application of NAC genes in wheat improvement by genetic engineering, a NAC gene designated TaNAC29 was characterized in common wheat. Expression analysis showed that TaNAC29 gene was involved in response to salt, drought and ABA treatments. TaNAC29 protein displays transactivation activity. To determine its role, transgenic Arabidopsis overexpressing TaNAC29 controlled by the CaMV-35S promoter was generated and subjected to salt stress for morphological and physiological assays. Morphological analysis showed that transgenic plants had enhanced tolerance to salt stress, as indicated by improved physiological traits, including more green leaves, reduced H2O2 accumulation, strengthened cell membrane stability and higher SOD, POD, CAT and APX activities. Moreover, the transcript levels of stress-related genes were significantly higher in TaNAC29 overexpression line than those in WT under salt treatment. Taken together, our results demonstrate that TaNAC29 confers salt stress tolerance through reducing H2O2 accumulation and membrane damage by enhancing the antioxidant system, and participating in regulating the abiotic stress-responsive signaling pathway. © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS.


Hou Q.Z.,Northwest Normal University | Ye G.J.,Qinghai Academy of Agriculture and Forestry science | Ma X.B.,Northwest Normal University | Su X.,Northwest Normal University | And 2 more authors.
Shengtai Xuebao/ Acta Ecologica Sinica | Year: 2016

Understanding plant resource investment and allocation is an important issue in ecology, since this can reflect the plant life-history strategies as a response to the changing environment. Many studies in the last decades have focused on plant resource allocation at different elevations, and most of them have determined that the plant resource allocation is strongly correlated with the plant size, representing a positive correlation between reproductive investment and plant size but a negative correlation between reproductive allocation and plant size. However, research has also shown that the reproductive allocation had no correlation with plant size. Significant elevation variation in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau provides the ecologists an ideal platform to reveal the plant resource allocations, since elevation variation can bring strong environment variances. However, previous studies did not address the variation in plant habitats, which could have directly affected the plant's resource allocation. In this study, we tested the reproductive allocation characters of Gentianopsis paludosa at three habitats located on the same elevation, on the east Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau: Kobresia sp. meadow (CD), Potentilla fruticosa shrub meadow (GC), and their junction area (JC). Centering the study on two levels, population and individual, we aimed to test the resource allocation characters of G. paludosa and reveal the relationship between the plant resource allocation and the plant habitats. Our results revealed the following: (1) The abiotic conditions were different among the three habitats, among which habitat CD displayed relatively better abiotic conditions compared with the others since the soil temperature and humidity, air temperature, and the net carbon absorptions were higher and optimal for plant growth. (2) At the population level, the individual size and reproductive allocation increased following the habitat variation of CD-JC-GC; the total flower numbers of G.paludosa did not differ significantly among the three habitats, whereas the bud numbers in the meadow were greater than those in the shrub meadow, and fruiting flower numbers in the meadow habitat were lower than those in the shrub meadow. (3) At the individual level, the reproductive biomass was positively correlated with individual size; a size threshold existed in G.paludosa and it declined with the habitat variation of CD-JC-GC; the reproductive allocation of G.paludosa had a negative correlation with the individual size, whereas the correlation coefficient declined following the habitat variation of CD-JC-GC; the flower number was positively correlated with individual size in all three habitats. These results suggest that reproductive allocation of G. paludosa is size-dependent, and that habitat variation can influence reproductive allocation and life-history strategies. The plant size and reproductive allocation characters were strongly related with their habitats, and reproductive allocation varied at both the population level and individual level. These variations were caused, primarily, in two ways: (1) the different natural conditions of the three habits could play an important role in determining the reproductive allocation characters; and (2) the genetic characters and the delayed-selfing breeding system were also correlated with the reproductive allocation. Although it was difficult to determine which of the two was dominant, the size-dependent reproductive allocation of G. paludosa in different habitats was undoubtedly a result of co-evolution between a plant and its habitat. © 2016, Ecological Society of China. All rights reserved.

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