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Qingdao, China

Chen X.,CAS Qingdao Institute of Oceanology | Yang S.,Qingdao Tumor Hospital | Wang J.,CAS Qingdao Institute of Oceanology | Song L.,CAS Qingdao Institute of Oceanology | And 4 more authors.
BioMed Research International

Sulfated polysaccharides (GSP) were isolated from the cloned Grateloupia filicina which was cultured in Jiaozhou Bay, Qingdao, China. The yield of GSP was 15.75%. The total sugar and sulfate were 40.90 and 19.89%, respectively. And the average molecular weight was 11.7 KDa. The results of neutral sugar analysis showed that GSP was mainly sulfated polysaccharides of galactose. The experiments for activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT), and thrombin time (TT) anticoagulant assays in vitro indicated that GSP was a good potential anticoagulant. Therefore, this study supplied new thought for the cloned Grateloupia filicina exploitation of high-value products. © 2015 Xiaolin Chen et al. Source

To compare the efficacy and side effects of induction chemotherapy with vinorelbine plus cisplatin (NP) or docetaxel plus cisplatin (TP) combined with concurrent chemoradiotherapy in treating locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). From January 2005 to December 2009, 146 patients with locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma treated in our department were randomized into NP group (76 patients) or TP group (70 patients). Both groups received two cycles of induction chemotherapy and concurrent chemoradiotherapy. After three weeks of induction chemotherapy, the patients received concurrent chemoradiotherapy. The chemotherapy was recycled every three weeks. Two groups were treated with intensity-modulated radiation therapy. The short-term efficacy of NP group was similar to that of TP group. The 3-year overall survival rates, disease-free-survival rates, locoregional relapse-free survival rates and distant metastasis-free survival rates in the NP and TP groups were 84.2% and 82.9%, 71.1% and 74.3%, 89.5% and 91.4%, 81.6% and 77.1%, respectively (P > 0.05). The occurrence rates of leucopenia, anemia and acute mucositis were significantly higher in the TP group than those in the NP group (P < 0.05). The gastrointestinal toxicity, dermatitis and liver toxicity were similar in the two groups. The efficacy of NP regimen induction chemotherapy plus concurrent chemordiotherapy for advanced NPC is similar to that of TP regimen. The toxicity of the NP regimen is lower than that of NP regimen, tolerable, and with a good compliance. Source

Huang P.-Y.,Sun Yat Sen University | Sun Z.-Y.,Qingdao Tumor Hospital | Xie C.-M.,Sun Yat Sen University | Chen Q.-Y.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 7 more authors.
Acta Oto-Laryngologica

Conclusion: Advanced parapharyngeal space (PPS) involvement showed stronger prognostic value than PPS involvement. The classification of PPS involvement proposed by Min or Sham was the most appropriate classification for parapharyngeal extension in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The degree of tumor extension into the PPS should be considered in future TNM staging revisions. Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate the prognostic significance of the various classifications for PPS involvement in patients with NPC. Methods: From January to July 2000, a total of 176 patients with pathologically diagnosed NPC were prospectively enrolled in this study. The extent of PPS involvement was examined by contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan and graded according to the four previously reported classifications (Min, Sham, Xiao, and Heng). Results: The incidence of PPS involvement was 81.8%. The 5-year overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), and local relapse-free survival rates (LRFS) of the patients with and without PPS involvement were 68.1% and 90.2% (p 0.010), 66.1% and 87.2% (p 0.013), 76.7% and 93.6% (p 0.032), and 84.9% and 93.1% (p 0.220), respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that PPS involvement (yes vs no) was not an independent prognostic factor. However, graded PPS involvement was an independent factor affecting the prognosis of NPC. When the four classifications were included in a Cox model, it was shown that PPS involvement based on Min's classification was an independent factor for OS (p 0.001). PPS involvement based on Sham's classification was an independent factor for PFS (p 0.010) and DMFS (p 0.009). © 2012 Informa Healthcare. Source

Xu W.,Zhejiang University | Chen Y.,Zhejiang University | He W.,Qingdao Tumor Hospital | Fu Z.,Zhejiang University | And 6 more authors.
Discovery Medicine

To find new biomarkers and establish histopathology protein fingerprint models for early detection of colorectal cancer (CRC), laser capture microdissection (LCM) was utilized to obtain 3 groups of cells of interest -- CRC tissues, their adjacent normal colorectal tissues, and their adjacent adenomatous polyps tissues -- from the same 12 CRC patients. Each sample was then detected by surface-enhanced laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF-MS) technology and CM10 protein chip as well as bioinformatics tools. Model 1 formed by 15 protein peaks could be used to distinguish CRC tissues from normal tissues. The diagnostic pattern constructed using support vector machine (SVM) including the 15 proteins showed maximum Youden index (YI). Model 2 formed by 14 protein peaks could be used to distinguish CRC tissues from adenomatous polyps tissues. The two patterns were validated and the results showed that the sensitivity and specificity were both 100.0%. Model 3 formed by 15 protein peaks could distinguish adenomatous polyps tissues from normal tissues with a sensitivity of 92.31% and specificity of 100%. The protein peaks m/z 3570 and 5224 were identified in screening changes during cancer progression. Peak 5224 was significantly upregulated in CRC. However, peak 3570 was significantly downregulated in CRC. LCM technology coupled with SELDI protein chip and bioinformatics approaches could effectively screen the differentially expressed protein profiles and establish molecular diagnosis models with high sensitivity and specificity for CRC. © 2015, Discovery Medicine. Source

Chen X.,CAS Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology | Yang S.,Qingdao Tumor Hospital | Xing R.,CAS Qingdao Institute of Oceanology | Yu H.,CAS Qingdao Institute of Oceanology | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Ocean University of China

In this paper, studies were carried out to extract astaxanthin from discharged wastewater during the production of chitin and to reveal the scavenging effect of the obtained pigment on 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical. Different ratios of dichloromethane/methanol (V/V) were used to extract astaxanthin. When the ratio of dichloromethane/methanol was 2:8 and the ratio between the mixed organic solvent (dichloromethane/methanol, 2:8, V/V) and wastewater was 1:1, the highest yield of pigment was obtained (8.4 mg/50 mL). The concentration of free astaxanthin in the obtained pigment analyzed by HPLC was 30. 02%. The obtained pigment possessed strong scavenging ability on DPPH radical and IC50 was 0.84mg/ml. © 2011 Science Press, Ocean University of China and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

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