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Ma A.,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences | Ma A.,Qingdao Key Laboratory for Marine Fish Breeding and Biotechnology | Ma A.,Key Laboratory for Sustainable Utilization of Marine Fisheries Resources | Wang X.,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences | And 2 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology | Year: 2010

The morphology and structure of the olfactory organ of Cynoglossus semilaevis Günther are described. The oval olfactory sacs on both sides differ in size and in the number of lamellae, with those on the abocular side having smaller sacs and fewer lamellae than those on the ocular side. On the ocular side, the average ratio of sac length to eye diameter is 2.1 (i.e.>1) with an average of 91 lamellae, while on the abocular side, the values were 1.7 (i.e.>1) and 69, respectively. In addition, the surface morphology varies in different parts of the lamella. The frontal part, near the anterior nostril, is a non-sensory margin with cilia-free epidermal cells. Within this is an internal ciliated sensory area, which is intercalated with ciliated receptor cells and a few ciliated non-sensory cells. Additionally, some dense ciliated non-sensory cells make up a non-sensory area, which also contains cilia-free epidermal cells distributed in patches. In the rear of the olfactory sac near the posterior nostril, the lamellae differ in morphology from those of the frontal olfactory sac but are similar in having few ciliated receptor cells. In other words, the surface of the lamellae in the rear part of the olfactory sac is mainly non-sensory. At present, four types of lamellae (I, II, III and IV) have been recognized in relation to the pattern of the sensory epithelium. In this study, the frontal and rear lamellae resembled types I and IV, respectively, but are referred to as types I′ and IV′ because they are slightly less developed. Data on the ratio of length of lamellae to eye diameter, number of lamellae and the type of surface pattern of the lamellae show that the development of the olfactory system of C. semilaevis facilitates prey capture. © 2010 Chinese Society for Oceanology and Limnology, Science Press and Springer Berlin Heidelberg.


Jia Y.,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences | Jia Y.,Qingdao Key Laboratory for Marine Fish Breeding and Biotechnology | Meng Z.,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences | Meng Z.,Qingdao Key Laboratory for Marine Fish Breeding and Biotechnology | And 5 more authors.
Fish Physiology and Biochemistry | Year: 2014

The luteinizing hormone receptor (LHR) plays a crucial role in female reproduction. In the present study, full-length sequence coding for the LHR was obtained from female turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) by homology cloning and a strategy based on rapid amplification of cDNA end-polymerase chain reaction. The full-length LHR cDNA was 3,184 bp long and contained a 2,058-bp open reading frame which encoded a protein of 685 amino acids. Multiple sequence alignments of the turbot LHR manifested high homologies with the corresponding sequences of available teleosts and representative vertebrates, and significant homology with that of Hippoglossus hippoglossus. In addition, the turbot LHR showed typical characteristics of glycoprotein receptors, including a long N-terminal extracellular domain, seven transmembrane domains, and a short C-terminal intracellular domain. LHR mRNA was abundant in the ovary, but was deficient in extra-ovarian tissues. Furthermore, LHR mRNA gradually developed from previtellogenesis to migratory nucleus stage, with the highest values observed in migratory nucleus stage during reproductive cycle. However, LHR mRNA sharply decreased in atresia stage. These results suggested that LHR is a typical G protein-coupled receptor that is involved in the promotion of turbot ovarian development and may be related to the final maturation and ovulation of oocyte. These findings contribute to the understanding of the potential roles of LHR in controlling the fish reproductive cycle. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


Jia Y.,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences | Jia Y.,Qingdao Key Laboratory for Marine Fish Breeding and Biotechnology | Meng Z.,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences | Meng Z.,Qingdao Key Laboratory for Marine Fish Breeding and Biotechnology | And 4 more authors.
Fish Physiology and Biochemistry | Year: 2014

The present study investigated the biochemical composition and quality of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) eggs throughout the reproductive season. Results showed that the fertilization, hatching and egg floating rates were variable throughout the reproductive season, with the highest values recorded during the mid-season. Meanwhile, positive correlations were found between fertilization, hatching rate and floating rate. The composition of turbot eggs, including total lipid, protein, carbohydrate, moisture and dry weight showed no significant differences during the reproductive season. Furthermore, no correlations were found between egg compositions and viability parameters (VPs), including fertilization and hatching rates as well as larval deformity rate. However, egg diameter varied and correlated with fertilization, hatching and egg floating rates. The fatty acid in eggs at mid-season had significantly higher levels of C14:0, C16:0, C16:1n-7, C18:0, C18:1, C20:4n-6, C20:5n-3 and C22:6n-3. Moreover, significant relationships were found between fatty acids and VPs. Eggs of the middle season had significantly higher concentration of isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, valine, alanine, aspartate, glutamate and serine, whereas no significant relationships were found between amino acids and VPs. These observations suggest that the biochemical profile of eggs may be useful in evaluating egg quality and improving broodstock management for turbot. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


Jia Y.,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences | Jia Y.,Qingdao Key Laboratory for Marine Fish Breeding and Biotechnology | Sun A.,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences | Sun A.,Qingdao Key Laboratory for Marine Fish Breeding and Biotechnology | And 6 more authors.
Fish Physiology and Biochemistry | Year: 2015

Molecular cloning, characterization, and functional analysis of follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) in female turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) were evaluated. Results showed that the full-length FSHR cDNA was 3824 bp long and contained a 2202 bp open reading frame that encoded a mature protein of 733 amino acids (aa) and a signal peptide of 18 aa. Multiple sequence analyses showed that turbot FSHR has high homology with the corresponding genes of other teleosts and significant homology with that of Hippoglossus hippoglossus. Turbot FSHR has the typical structural architecture of glycoprotein hormone receptors consisting of a large N-terminal extracellular domain, seven transmembrane domains and short C-terminal intracellular domain. FSHR mRNA was found to be abundant in the ovaries, but deficient in eyes, intestine, brain, muscle, gills, spleen, stomach, heart and kidney. Furthermore, FSHR mRNA was found to increase gradually from pre-vitellogenesis to migratory nucleus stages, with the highest values observed during the late vitellogenesis stage of the reproductive cycle. However, FSHR mRNA was found to decrease dramatically during the atresia stage. Meanwhile, functional analysis with HEK293T cells continual expressing FSHR demonstrated that FSHR was specifically stimulated by ovine FSH, but not ovine LH. These results indicate that turbot FSHR is mainly involved in the stimulation of vitellogenesis, regulation of oocyte maturation as well as promotion of ovarian development via specific ligand binding. These findings open doors to further investigation of physiological functions of FSHR, which will be valuable for fish reproduction and broodstock management. © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht

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