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Qingdao, China

Wang L.,National Center for Clinical Laboratories | Chang L.,National Center for Clinical Laboratories | Chang L.,Peking Union Medical College | Xie Y.,Shanghai Blood Center | And 13 more authors.
Transfusion | Year: 2015

Background: This study aimed at analyzing the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA among hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-negative donations by cobas TaqScreen MPX test (Roche Molecular Systems) and discussing the meaning of a reactive minipool (MP) that does not resolve to an individual donation (ID)-reactive result. Study Design and Methods: Nucleic acid amplification testing (NAT) was performed in 12 Chinese blood centers on 826,044 serologic negative donations in MPs of six. MP-reactive pools that were resolved to ID-reactive donations were confirmed by Roche TaqMan viral load assays. Antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen and antibody to hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc) results were also analyzed. Cycle threshold (Ct) values of reactive MPs were analyzed in relation to the probability of pool resolution. Results: A total of 1267 of 137,674 pools were reactive, of which 839 donations were reactive by ID-NAT. The MP6 HBV NAT-yield rate lay between 1 in 1600 and 1 in 1000. At MP Ct values equal or below 37, the probability of pool resolution was approximately 80%. The prevalence of anti-HBc in ID-reactive donations was 81%. The proportion of reactive pools that could not be resolved was 36%. The prevalence of anti-HBc in donations implicated in nonresolved MPs was significantly higher than those in nonreactive MPs (48% vs. 37%, p = 0.016). Conclusion: The anti-HBc data suggest that approximately 10% of nonresolved MPs contain HBV DNA from a low-viral-load occult carrier. We consider ID-NAT resolution testing in duplicate to minimize HBV transmission risk associated with transfusing nonreactive donations implicated in reactive MPs. © 2014 AABB. Source

Zhou X.-Y.,Beijing Hospital and Beijing Institute of Geriatrics | Zhou X.-Y.,Quality Control Laboratory | Zhu F.-M.,Zhejiang Blood Center | Li J.-P.,Liaoning Blood Center | And 44 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is a widely used and effective therapy for hematopoietic malignant diseases and numerous other disorders. High-resolution human leukocyte antigen (HLA) haplotype frequency distributions not only facilitate individual donor searches but also determine the probability with which a particular patient can find HLA-matched donors in a registry. The frequencies of the HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1, and -DQB1 alleles and haplotypes were estimated among 169, 995 Chinese volunteers using the sequencing-based typing (SBT) method. Totals of 191 HLA-A, 244 HLA-B, 146 HLA-C, 143 HLA-DRB1 and 47 HLA-DQB1 alleles were observed, which accounted for 6.98%, 7.06%, 6.46%, 9.11% and 7.91%, respectively, of the alleles in each locus in the world (IMGT 3.16 Release, Apr. 2014). Among the 100 most common haplotypes from the 169, 995 individuals, nine distinct haplotypes displayed significant regionally specific distributions. Among these, three were predominant in the South China region (i.e., the 20th, 31st, and 81sthaplotypes), another three were predominant in the Southwest China region (i.e., the 68th, 79th, and 95th haplotypes), one was predominant in the South and Southwest China regions (the 18th haplotype), one was relatively common in the Northeast and North China regions (the 94th haplotype), and one was common in the Northeast, North and Northwest China (the 40th haplotype). In conclusion, this is the first to analyze high-resolution HLA diversities across the entire country of China, based on a detailed and complete data set that covered 31 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities. Specifically, we also evaluated the HLA matching probabilities within and between geographic regions and analyzed the regional differences in the HLA diversities in China. We believe that the data presented in this study might be useful for unrelated HLA-matched donor searches, donor registry planning, population genetic studies, and anthropogenesis studies. © 2015 Zhou et al. Source

Gou H.,National Center for Clinical Laboratories | Gou H.,Peking Union Medical College | Pan Y.,Institute for Infectious Disease and Endemic Disease Control | Ge H.,Beijing Blood Center | And 15 more authors.
Transfusion | Year: 2015

BACKGROUND This multicenter study was performed to evaluate the efficiency of a multiplex individual-donation nucleic acid amplification technology (ID-NAT) and discriminatory testing algorithm for detecting hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in Chinese blood donors. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 1,205,796 hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-nonreactive donations from 10 blood centers were tested by ID-NAT using the Ultrio assay. Multiplex Ultrio-reactive donations were tested in the discriminatory tests as well as in quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and in supplemental electrochemiluminescence immunoassays for HBsAg, hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs), hepatitis B e antigen, and antibody to hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc). Meanwhile, a control group of 4317 Ultrio-nonreactive donations was tested for anti-HBc and anti-HBs. RESULTS Of all donations, 2033 (0.17%) were reactive in the multiplex Ultrio assay. Among 1776 further tested samples, 548 (30.9%) were HBV discriminatory assay (dHBV)-reactive, while 1214 (68.4%) were nonreactive. Of 472 Ultrio+ and dHBV+ samples 86.2% were qPCR positive compared to 15.0% in 1046 Ultrio+ and dHBV- samples. The proportion of anti-HBc+ and anti-HBs- (potentially infectious) donations was higher in 409 Ultrio+ and dHBV+ than in 1028 Ultrio+ and dHBV- samples (51.3% vs. 31.1%, p < 0.001). The yield rate of Ultrio+, dHBV+, and qPCR+ donations was estimated at 1 in 2500, but at 1 in 1100 when all supplemental tests were taken into account assuming that 44% of detected donations by Ultrio were false reactive. CONCLUSIONS A quarter of HBsAg-negative Ultrio+ and dHBV- donations in China are likely given by potentially infectious low-viral-load occult carriers. Although this has no implication for blood safety, the testing algorithm needs to be redesigned to more efficiently discriminate between true and false NAT reactivity. © 2015 AABB. Source

Feng Z.-H.,Qingdao Blood Center | Chi X.-Y.,Qingdao Blood Center | Hu B.,Qingdao Blood Center | Jiao S.-X.,Qingdao Blood Center | Wang M.-M.,Qingdao Blood Center
Tissue Antigens | Year: 2013

The novel allele A*24:233 was identified in a Chinese individual by sequence-based typing. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Source

Jiao S.-X.,Qingdao Blood Center | Chi X.-Y.,Qingdao Blood Center | Hu B.,Qingdao Blood Center | Wang M.-M.,Qingdao Blood Center | Feng Z.-H.,Qingdao Blood Center
Tissue Antigens | Year: 2013

The novel allele A*26:89 was identified in a Chinese individual by sequence-based typing. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Source

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