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Singh A.T.K.,Northwestern University | Ghosh M.,University of California at Berkeley | Forte T.M.,QB3 Inc | Ryan R.O.,University of California at Berkeley | And 2 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2011

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a pre-germinal center neoplasm characterized by cyclin D1 overexpression resulting from t(11;14)(q13;q32). Since MCL is incurable with standard lymphoma therapies, new treatment approaches are needed that target specific biologic pathways. In the present study, we investigated a novel drug delivery nanovehicle enriched with the bioactive polyphenol, curcumin (curcumin nanodisks; curcumin-ND). Cells treated with curcumin-ND showed a dose-dependent increase in apoptosis. This was accompanied by enhanced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The antioxidant, N-acetylcysteine, inhibited curcumin-ND induced apoptosis, suggesting that ROS generation plays a role in curcumin action on MCL cells. Curcumin-ND decreased cyclin D1, pAkt, pIκB, and Bcl2 protein. In addition, enhanced FoxO3a and p27 expression as well as caspase-9, -3, and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage were observed. Curcumin-ND treatment led to enhanced G1 arrest in two cultured cell models of MCL. © 2011 Informa UK, Ltd. Source

Pica A.,University of Naples Federico II | Di Santi A.,University of Naples Federico II | D'angelo V.,The Second University of Naples | Iannotta A.,The Second University of Naples | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Cellular Physiology | Year: 2015

Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) is a mitochondrial enzyme that defends against oxidative damage due to reactive oxygen species (ROS). A new isoform of MnSOD with cytotoxic activity was recently discovered in liposarcoma cells. Here, we tested the effectiveness of a recombinant form of this isoform (rMnSOD) on leukemic T cells, Jurkat cells, and lymphocytes. Our results confirm that leukemic T cells can internalize rMnSOD and that rMnSOD causes apoptosis of 99% of leukemic cells without showing toxic effects on healthy cells. Using light and electron microscopy, we determined that an rMnSOD concentration of 0.067μM most effective on apoptosis induction. Western blot analysis showed that treatment with 0.067μM rMnSOD resulted in high expression of the pro-apoptotic protein Bax and low expression of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 in leukemia cells. Concerning signal transduction pathway no influence was observed after treatment except for Jurkat cells showing a slightly decreased expression of ERK phosphorylation. These results suggest that rMnSOD may be an effective and non-toxic treatment option for T-cell leukemia. J. Cell. Physiol. 230: 1086-1093, 2015. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

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