Qazvin University of Medical Sciences

www.qums.ac.ir
Qazvin, Iran

Qazvin University of Medical science is a medical school in Qazvin Province of Iran.Located in northwest of Tehran in the city of Qazvin, the university was established in 1984, and fell under the Ministry of Health and Medical Education in 1986.The university offers degrees in 4 schools including residencies and fellowships, and administers all major hospitals and clinics throughout the city and province of Qazvin. Wikipedia.


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Ali Zohal M.,Qazvin University of Medical Sciences
Global journal of health science | Year: 2013

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a widespread disease. It produces some night symptoms such as nighttime cough and dyspnea. Then subjective and objective changes in sleep pattern are expected. Present study was conducted to determine frequency of sleepiness and quality of sleep in patients with COPD. Present case-control study has been performed on 120 patients with diagnosis of COPD who had been referred to pulmonary disease clinic in a University teaching hospital. One hundred twenty age- and sex- matched healthy individuals were recruited in the study and served as control. Spirometry (PFT) was performed for all patients. Patients were categorized under 3 groups in relation to their PFT as follow: mild COPD (FEV1/FVC<70% and >=80%), moderate COPD (FEV1/FVC<70% and 50%<=FEV1<80%), and severe COPD (FEV1/FVC<70% and FEV1<50%). Pittsburgh Sleep Quality questionnaire (PSQI) and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) were used to estimate quality of sleep and daytime sleepiness in the patients and control group. The collected data were analyzed using version 16 SPSS software. Student's T- test, Chi- square and multiple logistic regressions were used as appropriated. 120 patients with COPD (79 males and 41 females) and 120 normal individuals responded to the questionnaires. Mean scores of quality of sleep were 8.03±3.66 and 4.2±2.8 in COPD patients and control group respectively. 32.1% of the patients had good sleep quality (PSQI score less than 5) and 67.9% had poor sleep quality. Daytime sleepiness (ESS>=10) was present in 34.8% of the patients and 15% of control people. Multiple logistic regressions showed that the patients reported significantly worse sleep quality and more daytime sleepiness than control group [OR=2.9; 95% CI (1.6-3.7) & OR=3.5; 95% CI (2.5-4.3) respectively]. Results of present study confirmed that COPD is associated with daytime sleepiness and poor quality of sleep, possibly attributable to nighttime respiratory difficulties and concomitant sleep apnea. Assessment of the patients for symptoms of sleep apnea, daytime sleepiness should be a part of regular follow up visits of patients with COPD.


Abbasi M.,Qazvin University of Medical Sciences
Global journal of health science | Year: 2013

Systemic lupus erythematosus has its unique complications which warrant careful examination and assessment during follow/up visits of patients. The present study was conducted to evaluate prevalence of hearing loss in patients with SLE. At present a case- control study has been performed on 45 patients with SLE in a clinic of a teaching university hospital, Qazvin city, Iran. The patients were examined and evaluated for auditory and hearing problems as well as parameters related to their disease severity and progression. The control group was selected from the same clinic. Five patients (11.1%) complained from hearing loss, 4 patients s (8.9%) complained from otorrhea, 3 patients (6.7%) had tinnitus in research group, moreover twelve patients (26.7%) in case group and 4 patients (8.9%) in control group had sensorineural hearing loss. The difference was found to be statistically significant. No statistical significant relationship was found between severity, age of onset, and duration of the disease, and the lab tests of the patients with hearing loss. The present study implies that patients with systemic lupus erythematosus may develop sensorineural hearing loss during their course of the disease. It is recommended that audiology examination and/or audiometry become a part of routine follow/up studies of the patients.


There are several studies in which a correlation between maternal vitamin D deficiency and serum mineral disorders in the mother and the newborn has been reported. The present randomised clinical trial was designed to investigate the effect of vitamin D administration on maternal and fetal Ca and vitamin D status. The trial was carried out on 160 pregnant women. Vitamin D-deficient (25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) < 30 ng/ml) pregnant women were recruited at 26-28 weeks of pregnancy. In the control group, a multivitamin supplement containing 400 IU vitamin D3/d was given. Patients in the treatment group were treated with 50 000 IU vitamin D3 weekly for a total duration of 8 weeks. At delivery, maternal and fetal Ca and 25(OH)D levels in both groups were compared. In total, 81 % of pregnant women were vitamin D deficient. At the time of delivery, Ca and vitamin D levels were higher in the treatment group compared with the control group (92 (SD 3) v. 85 (SD 4) mg/l, respectively, P= 0·001 for serum Ca; 47·8 (SD 11·1) v. 15·9 (SD 6·6) ng/ml, respectively, P< 0·001 for vitamin D). At the time of delivery, 32·7 % of women in the control group had hypocalcaemia, while no hypocalcaemic case was detected in the vitamin D-treated group. Mean neonatal serum 25(OH)D was higher in the treatment group compared with the control group (27·7 (SD 5·2) v.10·9 (SD 4·4) ng/ml, respectively, P< 0·01). The neonatal Ca level in the treatment group was significantly higher than that of the control group (99 (SD 3) v. 91 (SD 3) mg/l, respectively, P< 0·001). The administration of vitamin D to pregnant women with vitamin D deficiency improves both maternal and neonatal Ca levels.


Kazemifar A.M.,Qazvin University of Medical Sciences
Global journal of health science | Year: 2015

BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection is a common chronic human bacterial infection. Triple- therapy regimen containing a proton pump inhibitor, clarithromycin, and either amoxicillin or metronidazole is commonly used as first-line treatment for its eradication. However, it may not provide the acceptable eradication rate. The present study was designed to evaluated efficacy of low dose furazolidone with amoxicillin and omeprazole for eradication of H- pylori.MATERIALS & METHODS: One hundred twenty patients with non- ulcer dyspepsia or peptic ulcer confirmed by upper GI endoscopy, plus H- pylori infection confirmed by rapid urease test were included in the study. They were randomly divided into two groups, and then received clarithromycin, amoxicillin, and omeprazole, or furazolidone (100 mg PO bid), amoxicillin, and omeprazole. They were evaluated using urea breath test at the end of the study.FINDINGS: The eradication rates were 57.6% and 78.8% in clarithromycin and furazolidone groups, respectively. Their difference was statistically significant (P value 0.013). No side effect was seen in the furazolidone group.CONCLUSION: Low dose furazolidone rather than clarithromycin can be used as low- cost and effective drug for eradication of H- pylori, in combination with amoxicillin and omeprazole.


Nassiri-Asl M.,Qazvin University of Medical Sciences
Journal of integrative medicine | Year: 2013

Flavonoids are present in foods such as fruits and vegetables. Several studies have demonstrated a relationship between the consumption of flavonoid-rich foods and prevention of human disease, including neurodegenerative disorders. We assessed the effect of rutin (quercetin-3-O-rutinoside) on oxidative stress in kainic acid (KA)-induced seizure. Thirty-six BALB/c mice were randomly divided into three groups. In the control group, saline (intra-peritoneal, i.p.) was administered for 7 d, and on the last day, KA (10 mg/kg, i.p.) was injected 30 min after administration of saline. In rutin groups, mice were pretreated with rutin (100 and 200 mg/kg, i.p.) for 7 d, and on the last day, KA (10 mg/kg, i.p.) was injected 30 min after administration of rutin. Subsequently, behavioural changes were observed in mice. Lipid peroxidation and oxidative stress were measured respectively in the early and late phases after KA-induced seizures. Seizure scores in the rutin groups were significantly lower than those in the control group (P < 0.01). Furthermore, rutin dose-dependently inhibited the number of wet-dog shakes (WDS) (P < 0.05). Malondialdehyde level in the hippocampus of the rutin groups was significantly lower than that in the hippocampus of the control group on days 1 and 21 after KA administration. In the rutin groups, the thiol levels observed on day 1 after KA administration were higher than that in the control group (P < 0.01). These results indicate that rutin has potential anticonvulsant and antioxidative activities against oxidative stress in KA-induced seizure in mice.


Ziaee A.,Qazvin University of Medical Sciences
Global journal of health science | Year: 2012

Different carbohydrate diets have been administrated to diabetic patients to evaluate the glycemic response, while Poor-controlled diabetes is increasing world wide. To investigate the role of an alternative carbohydrate diet on glycemic control, we explored the effect of a low glycemic load (Low GL)-high fat diet on glycemic response and also glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) of poor-controlled diabetes patients. Hundred poorly-controlled diabetes patients, HbA1c > 8, age 52.8 ± 4.5 y, were administrated a low GL diet , GL = 67 (Energy 1800 kcal; total fat 36%; fat derived from olive oil and nuts 15%; carbohydrate 42%; protein 22%) for 10 weeks. Patients did their routine life style program during intervention. Fasting blood glucose and HbA1c before and after intervention with significant reduction were: 169 ± 17, 141 ± 12; 8.85% (73 mmol/mol) ± 0.22%, and 7.81% (62 mmol/mol) ± 0.27%; respectively (P < 0.001). Mean fasting blood glucose reduced by 28.1 ± 12.5 and HbA1c by 1.1% (11 mmol/mol) ± 0.3% (P=0.001). There was positive moderate correlation between HbA1c concentration before intervention and FBS reduction after intervention (P < 0.001, at 0.01 level, R =0.52), and strong positive correlation between FBS before intervention and FBS reduction (P < 0.001, at 0.01 level, R = 0.70). This study demonstrated that our alternative low glycemic load diet can be effective in glycemic control.


Ziaee A.,Qazvin University of Medical Sciences
Global journal of health science | Year: 2013

Nutrition has main effect on health or disease and results of nutrition assessment can be used in health planning of communities. Therefore we aimed to conduct the nutrition assessment especially vitamin D statue of an urban region in Qazvin city. In a cross sectional study in year 2011, subjects who were randomly selected from residents of aged ≥ 20 years old in Minodar, an urban region of Qazvin city participated in this study. A 3-days food diary questionnaire was used to collect food consumption data and weight and height of subjects were measured. The food intake was analysis using "Nutrition 4, Diet analysis, Module version 3.5.2". The participants included 930 subjects (434 M and 496 F) having Mean BMI = 26 ± 4.4 kg/m2 and 60% of subjects were either overweight or obese. Daily energy intake of 50% of subjects was more than 2500 (13.6% from proteins, 55.6% from carbohydrate and 30.5% from fat sources). The daily cholesterol intake among 50-75% of population was more than daily recommended of 300 mg. The mean iron and zinc intakes were 17±5.6 and 12±4.5 mg/day and the intakes were highest in aged group of 20-29, while reduced in older groups. Vitamin A deficiency was observed in studied population and 75% of them were receiving less than daily recommended allowance of 800 μg/day, 25% of total studied population was receiving less than 400 μg/day. Vitamin D ingestion among 90-95% of participants was less than minimum daily recommended amount of 10 μg/day and calcium intake in 50-75% of studied population was less than recommended daily allowance of 800 mg/day. High amount of florid and caffeine ingestion from black tea was observed among population and 75% of population had florid intake of 10000 mμ/day. In general, majority of the population of region had higher amount intake of fat, cholesterol, low intake of calcium and vitamin D.


Ziaee A.,Qazvin University of Medical Sciences
Global journal of health science | Year: 2013

The prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome (MS) has been increasing worldwide. Although Uric Acid (UA) Levels are often increased in subjects with MS, it is still unclear whether uric acid plays a causal role for MS or is a marker. The purpose of this was to examine the association between UA and the MS in Qazvin, Iran. 529 men and 578 women aged 20 - 78 years attended in cross sectional study from September 2010 to April 2011 in Qazvin, Iran. The criteria proposed by new joint Interim societies (JIS) were applied for diagnosis of MS. Hyperuricemia was defined as UA ≥ 7 mg/dL in men and UA ≥ 6 mg/dL in women. Logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the relationship between UA quartiles and MS. The prevalence of MS was found to be 39.3%. Prevalence of hyperuricemia was 8.4% in males and 4.1% in females. (P= 0.004) Mean UA level was higher in males than in females. (P<0.001) UA levels increased significantly with an increasing number of MS components in both genders. Prevalence of MS increased across UA quartiles in females; however the increasing trend began from second quartile in males. Using the lowest quartile of UA level as a reference, there were no significant association between UA quartile groups and MS. This study showed that UA levels are not an appropriate predictor of MS in Iranian population. More longitudinal studies are necessary to confirm the role of UA in MS occurrence.


Aluminium phosphide (ALP) poisoning is a commonly encountered poisoning in emergency departments in most developing countries. Many papers have revealed metabolic derangements in this poisoning and also examined contributing factors leading to death, but only few have reported physical damage. Some case reports have described a complication that has been frequently termed ‘ignition’. The exact mechanism of this phenomenon has not been fully elucidated. An exothermic reaction during therapeutic administration of chemicals may contribute to this problem, but the incidence has occurred in the absence of treatment or drug administration. Here, we report a 34-year-old woman with ALP poisoning who presented with hot charcoal vomitus, a sign of internal thermal event, leading to the thermal burning of the patient’s face and internal damage resulting in death. We reviewed all reported cases with similar complication to demonstrate varied characteristics of patients and to propose the possible mechanisms leading to this event. © 2015, Indian Society of Anaesthetists. All rights reserved.


Abbasi M.,Qazvin University of Medical Sciences
Nigerian journal of medicine : journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria | Year: 2013

Sleep problems are frequent in chronic diseases like rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The present study was conducted to determine frequency of sleep disturbances and their relations with disease severity. The present case-control study was performed on 100 rheumatoid patients who were referred to the rheumatology clinic at the Avicenna hospital. A hundred age- and sex-matched healthy individuals were recruited in the study as a control group. Pittsburgh Sleep, 1Quality questionnaire, Insomnia Severity Index questionnaire and Epworth Sleepiness Scale were used. The disease activity was caIculated with the disease activity score 28. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS version 19. Mean scores of the sleep quality were 6.2 +/- 4.3 in patients and 4.6 +/- 2.5 in control group. 28% of the patients had good sleep quality whereas 72% had poor sleep quality. Daytime sleepiness was present in 24.8% of the patients and 15% of the control group. Multiple logistic regressions showed that insomnia, pain and disease intensity were the most important factors that determine patients' sleep quality. The present study showed that sleep disturbances are frequent in patients with RA and may contribute to disease severity. It is recommended that rheumatoid patients be evaluated for sleep disturbances during routine examinations.

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