FPInnovations is a Canadian non-profit member organization which carries out scientific research and technology transfer for the Canadian forest industry, based on priorities set by the company's members. The company's headquarters are located in Pointe-Claire, Quebec, and has its main research centers located in Vancouver, Quebec City, and Pointe-Claire, but also has many regional offices located throughout the country. Wikipedia.
Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada | Date: 2016-06-10
Radio-frequency methods for engineered wood products (EWPs), such as thick EWP products and plywood having higher moisture contents are disclosed. For thick EWP products, intermittent RF is used as the sole energy source to heat the thick EWPs. This method for thick EWPs yields a higher panel MC of 9-12% compared to 5-8% from conventional hot pressing. The RF heating process facilitates manufacturing of structural composite lumber (SCL) products including LVL, oriented strand lumber (OSL) and veneer strand lumber (VSL) in addition to sawn lumber. For plywood products, a method of using RF in pre-pressing of stack of veneer layers for preparation of plywood is developed. In a preferred embodiment a conventional cold pre-press is retrofitted with a radio-frequency (RF) generator that pre-heats the stack of veneer layers to 60-80 C. under pressure. The pre-heating allows for a final hot press at lower press temperature and higher MC within the stack.
Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada | Date: 2016-01-22
The invention relates to novel absorbent fibres/filaments from low-substituted carboxymethyl cellulose and the method of producing same. The filaments are produced by wet spinning, wherein the spinning dope is entirely comprised of low-substituted carboxymethyl cellulose dissolved in sodium hydroxide. The resulting CMC filaments have degree of substitution ranging from 0.10-0.35 and degree of polymerization ranging from 250-650 with the CMC uniformly distributed throughout the filament. The absorbency in deionized water and saline (0.9% NaCl) solution is 120 g/g and 30 g/g, respectively. The retention of deionized water and saline (0.9% NaCl) solution within the fibres is 48 g/g and 25 g/g, respectively.
Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada | Date: 2016-04-25
The present description relates to a process of producing a dry mixed product comprising cellulose filament (CF) and a carrier fibre, and a dry mixed product of re-dispersible cellulose filament and a carrier fibre that permits the CF to retain its dispersibility in water and hence superior reinforcement ability in papermaking furnishes, composite materials, or other materials where CF is used. The process comprises mixing a water suspension of never-dried CF with a cellulose fibre pulp carrier followed by thickening to a suitable concentration so that it can be further processed and dried in a conventional device such as a dryer can of a pulp machine or a flash dryer.
Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada | Date: 2015-10-06
There are provided gypsum panels, sheets and multi-layer sheets as well as methods of preparation thereof. For example, there are provided cellulose filament-reinforced gypsum panels, sheets and multi-layer sheets and methods of preparation thereof. For example, in such gypsum panels, sheets and multi-layer sheets gypsum is bound with cellulose filaments to strengthen the gypsum panels, sheets and multi-layer sheets. The cellulose filament-reinforced gypsum panel can be, for example, a core comprising a honeycomb or corrugated structure. There are also provided aqueous suspensions comprising cellulose filaments and CaSO_(4).2H_(2)O.
Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada | Date: 2016-07-29
A composition and a method for producing mesoporous carbon materials with a chiral or achiral organization. In the method, a polymerizable inorganic monomer is reacted in the presence of nanocrystalline cellulose to give a material of inorganic solid with cellulose nanocrystallites organized in a chiral nematic organization. The cellulose can be carbonized through thermal treatment under inert atmosphere (e.g., nitrogen or argon) and the silica may subsequently be removed using aqueous solutions of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) or hydrogen fluoride (HF) to give the stable mesoporous carbon materials that retain the chiral nematic structure of the cellulose. These materials may be obtained as free-standing films with very high surface area. Through control of the reaction conditions the pore-size distribution may be varied from predominantly microporous to predominantly mesoporous materials. These are the first materials to use cellulose as both the structural template and carbon source for a mesoporous carbon material. These are also the first carbon materials to combine mesoporosity with long-range chiral ordering. Possible applications for these materials include: charge storage devices (e.g. supercapacitors and anodes for Li-ion batteries), adsorbents, gas purifiers, light-weight nanocomposite materials, catalyst supports (e.g., for chiral transformations), gas storage, and as a hard-template to generate other materials, preferably with chiral structures.
Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada | Date: 2016-04-20
Acid hydrolysis of biomass is an important step for releasing the component sugars before converting them to fuels and/or biochemicals. During such a process, a significant amount of mineral acid, such as sulfuric acid, is used. In most cases, the residual acid is neutralized with lime before the sugar conversion step. By doing so, a waste calcium sulphate stream is generated and sent to disposal. The efficient separation of acid from the sugars would allow the recycle of the acid and make the entire process more economically viable. We found that a resin bed packed with an acid retardation resin can be used to achieve an efficient separation (i.e. 98.5% recovery of the acid) of the sulfuric acid from the sugars. The resin bed can be simply regenerated with water.
Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada | Date: 2015-08-05
The present invention relates to a microwave interactive susceptor structure for the microwave heating of food products. In one aspect, the invention relates to a duplex design for the microwave interactive structure on cellulose-based substrates. In another aspect, the invention relates to a method of patterning the duplex microwave interactive structure on the substrates using a printing press with or without an alignment function.
Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada | Date: 2016-03-01
The present disclosure relates to a process for extracting sugars from a pretreated lignocellulosic biomass. This process consists of contacting the pretreated lignocellulosic biomass with low charges of an aqueous peroxy acid (PA) solution to produce a liquid fraction (containing a small amount of lignin and hemicellulose degradation products) and a solid fraction containing cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. The solid fraction can then be subjected to enzymatic hydrolysis with a variety of cell wall-degrading enzymes to produce a lignin-rich residue and a sugar solution that can be fermented to a variety of (bio)chem icals.
Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada | Date: 2016-01-29
The present invention relates to wood laminate panels, a system of two or more panels joined permanently together, the method of making the panels and the fabrication of object with the panels. The wood laminate panel comprises an elongated body having a longitudinal axis and extending a length thereof, the body having an arcuate cross-section in a plane substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal axis and comprising first and second spaced apart edge surfaces extending along the length of the elongated body and each including a joint, the attachment joint having a shape that is complementary to that of the second edge surface such that the wood laminate panel is permanently jointable with an adjacent identical laminate panel through an engagement of adjacent complementary edge surfaces.
Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada | Date: 2016-04-15
Most processes currently being proposed and/or used for the production of lignin from kraft or soda black liquors are capable of producing two main types of lignin: high residual content (HRC) lignin and low residual content (LRC) lignin. Surprisingly, it was discovered that HRC lignin, is a suitable ingredient in alkaline adhesives, particularly wood adhesives of the phenolic type (e.g. resole resins). This biomaterial is environmentally green and remarkably low cost, which makes it an industrially viable material to be used as a novel and major ingredient in phenolic adhesives for the manufacture of exterior grade plywood, laminated veneer lumber, oriented strand board (OSB) and other wood productsthis was successfully demonstrated in a number of laboratory experiments as well as several different mill trials. The composition, preparation and application of such wood adhesives are hereby disclosed.