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Seoul, South Korea

Lim S.-M.,Kookmin University | Kim J.,Kookmin University | Shim J.-Y.,Korea University | Imm B.-Y.,Pulmuone Co. | And 3 more authors.
Food Science and Biotechnology | Year: 2012

Poly-γ-glutamic acid (PGA) was added to doughnut formulations to reduce oil uptake during deep-fat frying. At a frying time of 4 min, oil uptake in control doughnuts reached about 0. 7 g/g of dough, while that of doughnuts with PGA was about 0. 2 g/g of dough. The extent of oil reduction increased by 5-fold when the concentration of PGA was increased from 0. 25 to 1 g/100 g of dough. In scanning electron micrographs, a PGA doughnut showed a less void and denser matrix with improved integrity. Significantly (p<0. 05) higher sensory scores for appearance, taste, and overall acceptability were given to the PGA doughnut (1 g/100 g dough). PGA has great potential to be used as a healthy functional oilreducing agent in deep-fat fried products. © 2012 The Korean Society of Food Science and Technology and Springer Netherlands. Source

Kim S.-K.,Doosan Group | Chung G.-H.,Doosan Group | Han J.-J.,Doosan Group | Cho S.W.,Pulmuone Co. | Yoon S.H.,Woosuk University
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2015

An oleaginous fungus was isolated from soil and identified as Mortierella sp. (M-12) for producing arachidonic acid (AA). Cell disruption methods, extraction methods, and particle sizes of freeze-dried biomass were tested to achieve maximum extraction of total lipids and AA. M-12 grown in glucose yeast media at 25°C for 7 days contained 35.5% total lipid, and 47% of the total lipid was AA. Lipid extraction yield from wet biomass was shown to be similar to that in a dry state. Maximum lipid extraction was achieved using a mixture of chloroform and methanol (2:1) as an extraction solvent. Different mechanical cell disruption methods did not affect lipid extraction yields. The smaller the particle size of the biomass, the better the lipid extraction yield was observed. Particle size of biomass was shown to more strongly affect lipid extraction than extraction time. The highest AA content was observed in the class of neutral lipids. Source

Kim S.-K.,Doosan Group | Chung G.-H.,Doosan Group | Han J.-J.,Doosan Group | Cho S.W.,Pulmuone Co. | Yoon S.H.,Woosuk University
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2015

The deacidified oil obtained from the oleaginous fungus, Mortierella sp. (M-12) was bleached, after degumming, using activated clay under a 50-100 mmHg vacuum. The bleaching conditions were partially optimized as follows: Activated clay, 1%, bleaching temperature 90oC, and treatment time 20 min. After bleaching, the color of bleached oil as determined by the Lovibond Tintometer, satisfied the specification for edible fats and oils. The bleaching process also decreased the contents of free fatty acids and phosphorus in the deacidified oil. The acid value of the bleached oil also satisfied the specification for edible fats and oils. It was early shown that the normal bleaching process can be used for the bleaching of heavily-colored microbial lipids for human consumption. Source

Han J.-H.,Hannam University | Lee H.-J.,Hannam University | Kim T.-S.,Pulmuone Co. | Kang M.-H.,Hannam University
Nutrition Research and Practice | Year: 2015

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Glutathione S-transferase (GST) forms a multigene family of phase II detoxification enzymes which are involved in the detoxification of reactive oxygen species. This study examines whether daily supplementation of kale juice can modulate blood pressure (BP), levels of lipid profiles, and blood glucose, and whether this modulation could be affected by the GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 84 subclinical hypertensive patients showing systolic BP over 130 mmHg or diastolic BP over 85 mmHg received 300 ml/day of kale juice for 6 weeks, and blood samples were collected on 0-week and 6-week in order to evaluate plasma lipid profiles (total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol, and LDL-cholesterol) and blood glucose. RESULTS: Systolic and diastolic blood pressure was significantly decreased in all patients regardless of their GSTM1 or GSTT1 polymorphisms after kale juice supplementation. Blood glucose level was decreased only in the GSTM1-present genotype, and plasma lipid profiles showed no difference in both the GSTM1-null and GSTM1-present genotypes. In the case of GSTT1, on the other hand, plasma HDL-C was increased and LDL-C was decreased only in the GSTT1-present type, while blood glucose was decreased only in the GSTT1-null genotype. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that the supplementation of kale juice affected blood pressure, lipid profiles, and blood glucose in subclinical hypertensive patients depending on their GST genetic polymorphisms, and the improvement of lipid profiles was mainly greater in the GSTT1-present genotype and the decrease of blood glucose was greater in the GSTM1-present or GSTT1-null genotypes. © 2015 The Korean Nutrition Society and the Korean Society of Community Nutrition Source

Kim W.J.,Konkuk University | Lee K.A.,Konkuk University | Kim K.-T.,Konkuk University | Chung M.-S.,Ewha Womans University | And 2 more authors.
Food Science and Biotechnology | Year: 2011

In this study, the antimicrobial effects of an onion peel extract prepared using subcritical water extraction (SWE) were assessed for possible development into new bio-functional materials. The extraction temperatures were controlled to 110 and 160°C. At 0.15, 0.3, 0.6, and 1.2 mg extract/mL of broth, the growth inhibition and bactericidal activity of SWE extracts against Bacillus cereus KCCM 40935 and KCCM 11341 were compared with those of ethanol and hot-water extracts. In the case of B. cereus KCCM 40935, it appeared that over 0.6 mg/mL of SWE (110°C) extract exerted a bactericidal effect, and 1.2 mg/mL of SWE (160°C) extract exerted a bacteriostatic effect during culturing, and also that B. cereus KCCM 11341 was more resistant than B. cereus KCCM 40935. Furthermore, our results demonstrated that the death time of 10 7 CFU/mL of B. cereus KCCM 40935 treated with SWE (110°C) extract at 1.2 mg/mL was 60 min at maximum in 0.8% NaCl. Additionally, the cells damaged by SWE extract were observed with a SEM. It was suggested that an extract of onion peels prepared via SWE (110°C) could be used as a functional biomaterial for the food or pharmaceutical industries. © 2011 The Korean Society of Food Science and Technology and Springer Netherlands. Source

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