Yamagata-shi, Japan
Yamagata-shi, Japan

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Kayama T.,Yamagata University | Fukao A.,Advanced Molecular Epidemiology Research Institute AMERI | Kubota I.,Respiratory and Cardiovascular Diseases Research Center | Kato T.,Metabolic and Degenerative Diseases Research Center | And 55 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

For forty-three clinical test values presumably associated to common complex human diseases, we carried out a genomewide association study using 600K SNPs in a general Japanese population of 1,639 individuals (1,252 after quality control procedures) drawn from a regional cohort, followed by a replication study for statistically significant SNPs (p = 1.95×10-9- 8.34×10-39) using an independent population of 1,671 from another cohort. In this single two-stage study, we newly found strong and robust associations of common variants at the ABO histo-blood glycosyltransferase locus in 9q32 with the plasma levels of pancreatic lipase (P-LIP), in addition to successful confirmation of the known ABO association of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) independent of the ACE1 gene in 17q23.2 with the ACE level. Our results are compatible with the previously reported association between the ABO gene and pancreatic cancer, and show that the effect of these common variants at the ABO locus on the P-LIP and ACE levels is largely opposing and pleiotropic. © 2014 Tamiya et al.


Abe Y.,Pulmonology and Nephrology | Shibata Y.,Pulmonology and Nephrology | Igarashi A.,Pulmonology and Nephrology | Inoue S.,Pulmonology and Nephrology | And 9 more authors.
Respiratory Investigation | Year: 2016

Background: The forced oscillation technique (FOT) can measure respiratory system resistance and reactance under tidal volume respiration. MostGraph is a device that incorporates the FOT and enables the immediate, three-dimensional visualization of resistance and reactance parameters. The aim of this study was to establish MostGraph reference values for middle-aged and elderly Japanese individuals. Methods: From 2004 to 2006, 3253 subjects living in Takahata, Yamagata underwent spirometry. Of these, 872 again underwent spirometry in 2011, and 784 (368 men, ages 46-89 years; 416 women, ages 47-90 years) underwent FOT examinations using MostGraph-01. Results: In this study population, 19.0% of the men and 91.5% of the women were life-long never smokers. Abnormal spirometric findings were observed in 30.2% of the men and 14.6% of the women. Although the respiratory system resistance and reactance parameters obtained using MostGraph were not distributed normally, normal distribution was achieved via natural logarithm (R5, R20, Fres, and ALX), square root (R5-R20), or exponential (X5) transformation. Furthermore, the transformed values were converted back to the actual values after determining the values representing one and two standard deviations from the mean. Conclusion: Respiratory system resistance and reactance reference values were determined using MostGraph in middle-aged and elderly Japanese individuals who participated in annual health checkups. © 2016 The Japanese Respiratory Society.


PubMed | Yamagata University and Pulmonology and Nephrology
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Respiratory investigation | Year: 2016

The forced oscillation technique (FOT) can measure respiratory system resistance and reactance under tidal volume respiration. MostGraph is a device that incorporates the FOT and enables the immediate, three-dimensional visualization of resistance and reactance parameters. The aim of this study was to establish MostGraph reference values for middle-aged and elderly Japanese individuals.From 2004 to 2006, 3253 subjects living in Takahata, Yamagata underwent spirometry. Of these, 872 again underwent spirometry in 2011, and 784 (368 men, ages 46-89 years; 416 women, ages 47-90 years) underwent FOT examinations using MostGraph-01.In this study population, 19.0% of the men and 91.5% of the women were life-long never smokers. Abnormal spirometric findings were observed in 30.2% of the men and 14.6% of the women. Although the respiratory system resistance and reactance parameters obtained using MostGraph were not distributed normally, normal distribution was achieved via natural logarithm (R5, R20, Fres, and ALX), square root (R5-R20), or exponential (X5) transformation. Furthermore, the transformed values were converted back to the actual values after determining the values representing one and two standard deviations from the mean.Respiratory system resistance and reactance reference values were determined using MostGraph in middle-aged and elderly Japanese individuals who participated in annual health checkups.


PubMed | Yamagata University and Pulmonology and Nephrology;
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of medical sciences | Year: 2014

Adiponectin is an anti-inflammatory and cardio-protective cytokine. However, several studies have demonstrated that plasma adiponectin levels were inversely associated with pulmonary function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, suggesting a proinflammatory or pulmonary-destructive role. It is still unclear whether adiponectin is a potent biomarker predicting declines in pulmonary function. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between adiponectin and pulmonary function among Japanese individuals who participated in an annual health check-up.Spirometry and blood sampling, including measurements of plasma adiponectin, were performed for 3,253 subjects aged 40 years or older who participated in a community-based annual health check-up in Takahata, Japan from 2004 to 2006. In 2011, spirometry was re-performed, and the data from 872 subjects (405 men and 467 women) were available for a longitudinal analysis.Plasma adiponectin levels were found to be significantly associated with age, body mass index (BMI), and alanine aminotransferase (ALT), triglycerides (TG), and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-c) levels among both men and women in the study population. Plasma adiponectin levels were found to be associated with lifetime cigarette consumption (Brinkman index, BI) in men only. Plasma adiponectin levels were inversely correlated with forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) per forced vital capacity in both men and women. In addition, the annual change in FEV1 was inversely associated with plasma adiponectin levels in both genders. A multiple linear regression analysis revealed that this association was independent of other confounding factors such as age, BMI, BI, ALT, TG, and HDL-c.The results of the present study suggest that adiponectin levels are predictive of declines in FEV1 in the general population.

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