Pulmonary Division

Sankt Gallen, Switzerland

Pulmonary Division

Sankt Gallen, Switzerland
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Hefti J.P.,Kantonsspital Aarau AG | Risch L.,Academic Teaching Hospital | Scharrer I.,Universitatsklinik Mainz | Risch G.,LMZ Risch Laboratories | And 6 more authors.
Swiss Medical Weekly | Year: 2010

Principles: Data on changes of haemostatic parameters at altitudes above 5000 m are very limited. So far it is unknown, whether altered coagulation could contribute to the development of acute mountain sickness. Methods: Thirty four healthy mountaineers were randomised to two acclimatisation protocols and undertook an expedition on Muztagh Ata (7549 m) in China. Tests were performed at five altitudes up to 6865 m. Haemostatic parameters, such as PT, aPTT, D-Dimer, APC-Resistance (APCR), von Willebrand Factor activity (RCo), ADAMTS-13 & C-Natriuretic Peptide (CNP) were assessed together with Lake Louise AMS score. Results: D-Dimer significantly increased with increasing altitude (median 0.62 to 0.81 mg/L, p <0.0001). During ascent, PT increased (83% to >100%) and APCR decreased significantly from 0.95 to 0.8 (p <0.01). Furthermore, a significant increase of aPTT (38 to 43 sec) was paralleled by significant changes of RCo (102% to 62%) (both p <0.001). There were no significant changes in ADAMTS-13 and CNP. No significant relationship between investigated parameters and AMS scores could be detected. When comparing the participants of the two acclimatisation protocols, there was an overall higher RCo in patients with a faster ascent protocol (p = 0.04). This was accompanied by lower ADAMTS-13 of the coagulation system in these patients (p = 0.04). Conclusions: Coagulation parameters change significantly during hypobaric hypoxia. Whereas we could detect no association between AMS scores and coagulation parameters, our results do show some parameters to be associated with an acclimatisation protocol and a successful ascent to the summit.


Hua X.,Pulmonary Division | Hua X.,CSIC - Center for Environmental Sciences | Hua X.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Zeman K.L.,CSIC - Center for Environmental Sciences | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Applied Physiology | Year: 2010

Mucociliary clearance (MCC) is the key defense mechanism in the upper airways, as the removal of debris-laden mucus in the sinuses completely depends on MCC. So far, how the nasal MCC is regulated remains unknown. Recently, mice deficient in genes encoding the components of MCC apparatus have been generated, which will allow investigators to conduct more in-depth nasal MCC studies. However, the methodology necessary to comprehensively evaluate the nasal MCC in this species is not well established. We therefore developed a novel method to measure nasal MCC in live mice using pinhole gamma camera. Insoluble radiolabeled particles were delivered into the noses of lightly anesthetized mice. The nasal clearance of these particles was measured continuously in a real-time manner. The effect of three different anesthetics - avertin, pentobarbital, and isoflurane - on nasal MCC was also determined. In mice anesthetized by 1.1% isoflurane, radiolabeled particles were immediately moved into the oropharynx, which was significantly accelerated by the treatment of hypertonic but not isotonic saline. According to the clearance rate, the mouse nasal MCC presented two distinct phases: a rapid phase and a slow phase. In addition, we found that isoflurane had a very small inhibitory effect on nasal MCC vs. both avertin and pentobarbital. This was further supported by its dose response. Collectively, we have developed a noninvasive method to monitor the real-time nasal MCC in live mice under physiological conditions. It provides more comprehensive evaluation on nasal MCC rather than assessing a single component of the MCC apparatus in isolation. Copyright © 2010 the American Physiological Society.


Rahman S.M.J.,Vanderbilt University | Seeley E.H.,Mass Spectrometry Research Center | Manier M.L.,Vanderbilt University | Manier M.L.,Mass Spectrometry Research Center | And 11 more authors.
Cancer Research | Year: 2011

Early detection may help improve survival from lung cancer. In this study, our goal was to derive and validate a signature from the proteomic analysis of bronchial lesions that could predict the diagnosis of lung cancer. Using previously published studies of bronchial tissues, we selected a signature of nine matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI MS) mass-to-charge ratio features to build a prediction model diagnostic of lung cancer. The model was based on MALDI MS signal intensity (MALDI score) from bronchial tissue specimens from our 2005 published cohort of 51 patients. The performance of the prediction model in identifying lung cancer was tested in an independent cohort of bronchial specimens from 60 patients. The probability of having lung cancer based on the proteomic analysis of the bronchial specimens was characterized by an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.77 (95% CI 0.66-0.88) in this validation cohort. Eight of the nine features were identified and validated by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. These results show that proteomic analysis of endobronchial lesions may facilitate the diagnosis of lung cancer and the monitoring of high-risk individuals for lung cancer in surveillance and chemoprevention trials. © 2011 American Association for Cancer Research.


Baldi S.,Pulmonary Division | Tabbia G.,Pulmonary Division | Bardessono M.,Pulmonary Division | Solidoro P.,Pulmonary Division | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery | Year: 2012

Aim. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether favorable short-term results in term of functional outcome and survival following lung volume reduction surgery persist for longer periods. Composite preoperative and early postoperative variables were analysed. Methods. This study was conducted on 52 emphysematous patients who underwent lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) from 1993 to 2000, through a delayed retrospective analysis that has allowed us to evaluate a long-term follow-up (10 years or more); lung function and other variables were considered with respect to survival; 11 patients submitted to lung transplantation were also evaluated. Results. Upper lobe distribution of emphysema (P=0.02, HR:2.43) and systolic PAP (P=0.04, HR=2.11) were significantly correlated to survival in a multivariate analysis; these variables seem to identify a small subgroup of 14 patients with longer survival (more than 10 years). Lung transplantation performed in some worsening patients (mean FEV1%:17±4) showed a trend of better survival when we compared the observed survival (55±47 months) with expected survival (39.5±15 months) (P=ns). Conclusion. We conclude that LVRS can lead to a very long survival (10 years or more) in a small subgroup of patients, with improvement of pulmonary functional data. Some preoperative data (upper lobe distribution of emphysema and pulmonary arterial pressure) appear to predict survival. Lung transplantation can be offered to these patients, showing a trend to improved life expectancy.


PubMed | Pulmonary Division. and Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
Type: | Journal: International journal of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease | Year: 2016

COPD patients are susceptible to anorexia, reduction of caloric intake, weight loss, and malnutrition. One of the possible mechanisms is the increase of inflammatory markers such as interleukin 1 (ILIn a double-blind clinical trial, 93 COPD patients who volunteered to participate in the study and who filled out a written consent form, were randomly assigned to control or supplementation groups. The patients in the supplementation group received 3.2 g of CLA on a daily basis for 6 weeks, while those in the control group received placebo on a daily basis for 6 weeks. For ILThe results demonstrated a significant increase in appetite score (The findings of this research indicate that the consumption of CLA supplementation can be effective in regulating the appetite and improving the nutritional status of patients suffering from COPD through adjusting the serum level of IL


Parola C.,University of Brescia | Salogni L.,University of Brescia | Vaira X.,University of Brescia | Scutera S.,University of Turin | And 11 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

OM-85 (Broncho-Vaxom®, Broncho-Munal®, Ommunal®, Paxoral®, Vaxoral®), a product made of the water soluble fractions of 21 inactivated bacterial strain patterns responsible for respiratory tract infections, is used for the prevention of recurrent upper respiratory tract infections and acute exacerbations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. OM-85 is able to potentiate both innate and adaptive immune responses. However, the molecular mechanisms responsible for OM-85 activation are still largely unknown. Purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of OM-85 stimulation on human dendritic cell functions. We show that OM-85 selectively induced NF-kB and MAPK activation in human DC with no detectable action on the interferon regulatory factor (IRF) pathway. As a consequence, chemokines (i.e. CXCL8, CXCL6, CCL3, CCL20, CCL22) and B-cell activating cytokines (i.e. IL-6, BAFF and IL-10) were strongly upregulated. OM-85 also synergized with the action of classical pro-inflammatory stimuli used at suboptimal concentrations. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with COPD, a pathological condition often associated with altered PRR expression pattern, fully retained the capability to respond to OM-85. These results provide new insights on the molecular mechanisms of OM-85 activation of the immune response and strengthen the rational for its use in clinical settings. © 2013 Parola et al.


PubMed | University of Turin, University of Milan, OM Pharma SA, Pulmonary Division and University of Brescia
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2014

OM-85 (Broncho-Vaxom, Broncho-Munal, Ommunal, Paxoral, Vaxoral), a product made of the water soluble fractions of 21 inactivated bacterial strain patterns responsible for respiratory tract infections, is used for the prevention of recurrent upper respiratory tract infections and acute exacerbations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. OM-85 is able to potentiate both innate and adaptive immune responses. However, the molecular mechanisms responsible for OM-85 activation are still largely unknown. Purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of OM-85 stimulation on human dendritic cell functions. We show that OM-85 selectively induced NF-kB and MAPK activation in human DC with no detectable action on the interferon regulatory factor (IRF) pathway. As a consequence, chemokines (i.e. CXCL8, CXCL6, CCL3, CCL20, CCL22) and B-cell activating cytokines (i.e. IL-6, BAFF and IL-10) were strongly upregulated. OM-85 also synergized with the action of classical pro-inflammatory stimuli used at suboptimal concentrations. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with COPD, a pathological condition often associated with altered PRR expression pattern, fully retained the capability to respond to OM-85. These results provide new insights on the molecular mechanisms of OM-85 activation of the immune response and strengthen the rational for its use in clinical settings.


Rondanino C.,University of Pittsburgh | Poland P.A.,University of Pittsburgh | Kinlough C.L.,University of Pittsburgh | Li H.,University of Pittsburgh | And 9 more authors.
American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology | Year: 2011

Galectins (Gal) are β-galactoside-binding proteins that function in epithelial development and homeostasis. An overlapping role for Gal-3 and Gal-7 in wound repair was reported in stratified epithelia. Although Gal-7 was thought absent in simple epithelia, it was reported in a proteomic analysis of cilia isolated from cultured human airway, and we recently identified Gal-7 transcripts in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells (Poland PA, Rondanino C, Kinlough CL, Heimburg-Molinaro J, Arthur CM, Stowell SR, Smith DF, Hughey RP. J Biol Chem 286: 6780- 6790, 2011). We now report that Gal-7 is localized exclusively on the primary cilium of MDCK, LLC-PK 1 (pig kidney), and mpkCCD c14 (mouse kidney) cells as well as on cilia in the rat renal proximal tubule. Gal-7 is also present on most cilia of multiciliated cells in human airway epithelia primary cultures. Interestingly, exogenous glutathione S-transferase (GST)-Gal-7 bound the MDCK apical plasma membrane as well as the cilium, while the lectin Ulex europeaus agglutinin, with glycan preferences similar to Gal-7, bound the basolateral plasma membrane as well as the cilium. In pull-down assays, β1-integrin isolated from either the basolateral or apical/cilia membranes of MDCK cells was similarly bound by GST-Gal-7. Selective localization of Gal-7 to cilia despite the presence of binding sites on all cell surfaces suggests that intracellular Gal-7 is specifically delivered to cilia rather than simply binding to surface glycoconjugates after generalized secretion. Moreover, depletion of Gal-7 using tetracycline-induced short-hairpin RNA in mpkCCD c14 cells significantly reduced cilia length and slowed wound healing in a scratch assay. We conclude that Gal-7 is selectively targeted to cilia and plays a key role in surface stabilization of glycoconjugates responsible for integrating cilia function with epithelial repair. © 2011 the American Physiological Society.


PubMed | Pulmonary Division
Type: | Journal: The Journal of cardiovascular surgery | Year: 2012

AIM:The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether favorable short-term results in term of functional outcome and survival following lung volume reduction surgery persist for longer periods. Composite preoperative and early postoperative variables were analysed. METHODS: This study was conducted on 52 emphysematous patients who underwent lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) from 1993 to 2000, through a delayed retrospective analysis that has allowed us to evaluate a long-term follow-up (10 years or more); lung function and other variables were considered with respect to survival; 11 patients submitted to lung transplantation were also evaluated. RESULTS:Upper lobe distribution of emphysema (P=0.02, HR:2.43) and systolic PAP (P=0.04, HR=2.11) were significantly correlated to survival in a multivariate analysis; these variables seem to identify a small subgroup of 14 patients with longer survival (more than 10 years). Lung transplantation performed in some worsening patients (mean FEV1%:174) showed a trend of better survival when we compared the observed survival (5547 months) with expected survival (39.515 months) (P=ns). CONCLUSION: We conclude that LVRS can lead to a very long survival (10 years or more) in a small subgroup of patients, with improvement of pulmonary functional data. Some preoperative data (upper lobe distribution of emphysema and pulmonary arterial pressure) appear to predict survival. Lung transplantation can be offered to these patients, showing a trend to improved life expectancy.

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