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News Article | May 4, 2017
Site: www.ictsd.org

O International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) está com processo de seleção aberto para o programa “Bridges Graduate Fellowship”, que oferece a oportunidade a alunos de pós-graduação de trabalharem na equipe editorial do Bridges Weekly, tanto na confecção de pauta quanto na escrita de notícias. O programa possui duração de 6 a 12 meses e envolve a dedicação de aproximadamente 10 dias de trabalho por mês, em regime home office. Os interessados devem ter excelente conhecimento sobre comércio internacional e investimentos, comprometimento com os princípios de desenvolvimento sustentável, capacidade de escrita em língua inglesa, além de estarem matriculados em um curso de Mestrado ou Doutorado. As candidaturas devem ser enviadas até 10 de maio para , com: i) currículo em inglês; ii) carta de apresentação (no corpo do e-mail); e iii) um texto de até 600 palavras sobre o tema “Sustainable development challenges and opportunities for the multilateral trading system at the WTO Ministerial Conference in 2017”. Para mais informações, clique aqui. A Fundação União Europeia-América Latina e Caribe (EU-LAC, sigla em inglês) oferece estágios trimestrais a estudantes universitários que sejam cidadãos da União Europeia (UE) ou de países da América Latina ou do Caribe. O programa oferece aos alunos a oportunidade para que aprofundem seu conhecimento sobre a Parceria Estratégica Birregional, além de uma experiência prática no trabalho da organização. Os estagiários auxiliarão os profissionais da Parceria Birregional em suas atividades cotidianas relacionadas a projetos, pesquisa, tradução, atualização de conteúdo no site e nas redes sociais, organização de eventos, entre outros. O estágio, a ser realizado na cidade de Hamburgo (Alemanha), inclui o pagamento de um auxílio-transporte no valor de € 450. Existem quatro ciclos de processos de seleção: para aqueles que desejam realizar seu estágio de outubro a dezembro de 2017, o prazo para envio de candidaturas é 30 de junho. Os prazos e períodos correspondentes aos demais ciclos podem ser consultados aqui. Para mais informações sobre a Fundação EU-LAC, clique aqui. Organizada pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação em Direito da Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná (PUC PR), a Revista de Direito Econômico e Socioambiental (Qualis B2 em Direito) é uma publicação semestral e multidisciplinar, que parte da concepção do Direito como um importante instrumento de regulação social, voltado à ordenação da convivência sustentável dos seres humanos entre si e com o meio ambiente. Para mais informações sobre as diretrizes editoriais e outros detalhes para submissão de artigos, clique aqui.


Kondo W.,Pontifical Catholic University of Parana | dal Lago E.A.,Estudante de Medicina da PUC PR | de Noronha L.,Laboratorio Of Patologia Experimental | Olandoski M.,PUC PR | do Amaral V.F.,PUC PR
Revista do Colegio Brasileiro de Cirurgioes | Year: 2011

Objective: To evaluate the effect of anti-TNF-α in the treatment of endometrial implants in the peritoneum of rats. Methods: Endometrial implants were surgically induced in 120 female Wistar-Albino rats. The animals were randomly divided into four groups. Group C (n = 36) received an intraperitoneal injection of 0.2 ml of saline. Group L (n = 41) received a subcutaneous injection of 1mg/ kg of leuprolide. Group I5 (n = 20) received a subcutaneous injection of 5mg/kg of monoclonal anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α (infliximab). Group I10 (n = 20) received a subcutaneous injection of 10mg/kg of infliximab. The rats were sacrificed after 21 days to assess the size of the implants and the expression of TNF. Results: Treatment with leuprolide (group L) promoted an absolute reduction in the surface area of the implant when compared with group C (+14 mm vs. 0mm, p = 0.013) and group I10 (+14 mm vs. +5 Mm, p = 0.018). Likewise, a percentage reduction of surface area of the implant was observed comparing group L with group C (+33.3% vs. 0%, p = 0.005) and group I10 (+33.3% vs. +18.3%, p = 0.027). Treatment with infliximab was not able to decrease the surface area of the implants when compared with group C. The expression of TNF-α in groups L, I5 and I10 was lower than in group C (505.6 mm 2 vs. 660.5 mm 2 vs. 317.2 mm 2 vs. 2519.3 mm 2, respectively; p <0.001). Conclusion: The anti-TNF-α therapy reduced the expression of TNF-α in endometriotic implants, but did not reduce the surface area of the lesion.


Lucarelli L.A.,Hospital Universitario Walter Cantidio | De Francesco-Daher E.,Federal University of Ceará | Filho R.P.,PUC PR | Espinoza B.,Medica sur Fresenius Medical Care | And 3 more authors.
International Urology and Nephrology | Year: 2013

Background: C.E.R.A. is a continuous erythropoietin receptor activator with characteristics that permit a once-monthly schedule of administration for the maintenance treatment for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. The main objective of this study was to assess the maintenance of Hb concentration with once-monthly intravenous and/or subcutaneous C.E.R.A. therapy in Latin American dialysis patients with chronic renal anemia previously treated with epoetin alfa s.c or i.v 1-3 times per week. Methods: This was a single-arm, open-label, multicenter, 32-week study of anemic patients with CKD previously treated with epoetin alfa sc or iv 1-3 times per week. After a 4-week screening period, during which mean Hb levels were maintained between 10.5 and 12.5 g/dL on their previous erythropoiesis stimulating agent, eligible patients entered a 16-week C.E.R.A. dose titration period followed by a 4-week efficacy evaluation period (EEP) and a 28-week safety follow-up. The starting dose of C.E.R.A. was based on the previous dose of epoetin alfa. Doses of C.E.R.A. were then adjusted to maintain Hb levels within ±1.0 g/dL of the reference concentration and between 10.5 and 12.5 g/dL. The Hb reference concentration was defined as the mean of all Hb levels during screening. The primary end point was the proportion of patients maintaining a mean Hb concentration (g/dL) within ±1 g/dL of their reference Hb and between 10.5 and 12.5 g/dL during the EEP. Results: A total of 163 patients from 27 centers in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela entered the treatment period and 102 completed the prescribed course of C.E.R.A. Forty-five patients (43.7 %) maintained a mean Hb concentration within ±1 g/dL of their reference Hb value and between 10.5 and 12.5 g/dL during the EEP. The median monthly dose remained constant at 120 μg during the titration period and during the EEP. On the average, there were only 2.3 dose changes per patient in 28 weeks of treatment, covering 7 C.E.R.A. scheduled administrations. 53 % of all dose changes were dose decreases, 47 % increases. A total of 10 AEs and 4 SAEs were considered to be related to the study treatment. Conclusions: Once-monthly C.E.R.A. treatment effectively maintains stable Hb concentrations in patients with chronic renal anemia undergoing dialysis with a good safety and tolerability profile. © 2012 The Author(s).


Miranda E.F.,Post Graduate Program of Surgery | Greca F.H.,Experimental Surgery | Noronha L.,PUC PR | Kotze L.R.,Federal University of Paraná
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira | Year: 2010

Purpose: To investigate the influence of methylene blue, on the healing of intestinal anastomoses subjected to ischemia and reperfusion in rats. Methods: Forty-five rats divided into the following three groups were used: control (G1); ischemia without methylene blue (G2); and ischemia with methylene blue (G3). A laparotomy was performed and the cranial mesenteric artery isolated. Whereas the cranial artery was temporarily occluded for 45 minutes in groups G2 and G3, prior to enterotomy and intestinal anastomosis, in group G1 the enterotomy and intestinal anastomosis were performed without prior lesion. Afterwards, 2mL of 0.5% methylene blue were instilled in the peritoneal cavities of the animals in group G3, and 2mL of isotonic saline solution in the peritoneal cavities of the animals in group G2. After the reperfusion, an enterectomy and intestinal anastomosis were performed. After the animals had been sacrificed on the seventh day after the operation, the abdominal cavity was examined by resection of a segment of the intestine containing the anastomosis in order to measure its strength and for histopathological examination. Results: Free fluid or abscesses in the peritoneal cavity were rare. When inflammation was analyzed, the group subjected to ischemia without methylene blue had a higher score for mononuclear cells (p=0.021) and granulation tissue (p=0.044). No significant difference was observed in the density of type I or type III collagens. Conclusion: The methylene blue did not show beneficial effect on the healing of intestinal anastomoses subjected to ischemia and reperfusion in rats.


Joselli M.,PUC PR | Junior J.R.D.S.,Media Laboratory UFF | Clua E.W.,Media Laboratory UFF | Montenegro A.,Media Laboratory UFF | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing | Year: 2015

This paper introduces a novel and efficient data structure, called neighborhood grid, capable of supporting large number of particle based elements on GPUs (graphics processing units), and is used for optimizing fluid animation with the use of GPU computing. The presented fluid simulation approach is based on SPH (smoothed particle hydrodynamics) and uses a unique algorithm for the neighborhood gathering. The brute force approach to neighborhood gathering of n particles has complexity O(n2), since it involves proximity queries of all pairs of fluid particles in order to compute the relevant mutual interactions. Usually, the algorithm is optimized by using spatial data structures which subdivide the environment in cells and then classify the particles among the cells based on their position, which is not efficient when a large number of particles are grouped in the same cell. Instead of using such approach, this work presents a novel and efficient data structure that maintains the particles into another form of proximity data structure, called neighborhood grid. In this structure, each cell contains only one particle and does not directly represent a discrete spatial subdivision. The neighborhood grid does process an approximate spatial neighborhood of the particles, yielding promising results for real time fluid animation, with results that goes up to 9 times speedup, when compared to traditional GPU approaches, and up to 100 times when compared against CPU implementations. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Joselli M.,PUC PR | Silva Jr. J.R.,MediaLab. UFF | Soluri E.,Nullpointer Tecnologia
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2013

Nowadays mobile phones, especially smartphones, are equipped with advanced computing capabilities. Most of these devices have multicore processors such as dual-core CPUs and many-core GPUs. These processors are designed for both low power consumption and high performance computation. Moreover, most devices still lack libraries for generic multicore computing usage, such as CUDA or OpenCL. However, computing certain kind of tasks in these mobile GPUs, and other available multicores processors, may be faster and much more efficient than their single threaded CPU counterparts. This advantage can be used in game development to optimize some aspects of a game loop and also include new features. This work presents an architecture designed to process most of the game loop inside a mobile GPU using the Android Renderscript API. As an illustrated test case for the proposed architecture, this work presents a game prototype called "MobileWars", completely developed using the proposed architecture. © IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2013.


Hyeda A.,Pontifical Catholic University of Parana | Da Costa E.S.M.,PUC PR
Revista da Associacao Medica Brasileira | Year: 2015

Introduction: chemotherapy is essential to treat most types of cancer. Often, there is chemotherapy waste in the preparation of drugs prescribed to the patient. Leftover doses result in toxic waste production. Objective: the aim of the study was to analyze chemotherapy waste reduction at a centralized drug preparation unit. Methods: the study was cross-sectional, observational and descriptive, conducted between 2010 and 2012. The data were obtained from chemotherapy prescriptions made by oncologists linked to a health insurance plan in Curitiba, capital of the state of Paraná, in southern Brazil. Dose and the cost of chemotherapy waste were calculated in each application, considering the dose prescribed by the doctor and the drug dosages available for sale. The variables were then calculated considering a hypothetical centralized drug preparation unit. Results: there were 176 patients with a cancer diagnosis, 106 of which underwent treatment with intravenous chemotherapy. There were 1,284 applications for intravenous anticancer medications. There was a total of 63,824mg in chemotherapy waste, the cost of which was BRL 448,397.00. The average cost of chemotherapy waste per patient was BRL 4,607.00. In the centralized model, there was 971.80mg of chemotherapy waste, costing BRL 13,991.64. The average cost of chemotherapy waste per patient was BRL 132.00. Conclusion: the use of centralized drug preparation units may be a strategy to reduce chemotherapy waste.


Myszczuk A.P.,PUC PR
Revista de derecho y genoma humano = Law and the human genome review / Cátedra de Derecho y Genoma Humano/Fundación BBV-Diputación Foral de Bizkaia | Year: 2010

The article briefly analyzes the concepts of the Bioethics, the Biolaw, the Bio-Constitution and the Biopatent. In order to do so, we will check some principles of the Bioethics, the newly added term the Biolaw, the concept of the Bio-Constitution or the Constitutional Biolaw, all used as means to solve conflicts of bio-juridical norms. Besides it formulates some questions about biopatents. It is here understood that the 1988 Brazilian Federal Constitution chose the human dignity principle as the core to be used in any Biomedicine related matter and this Law acts to bring some tools into a bio-constitutional interpretation. Among those tools are the fundamental rights and the protection of the environment. Some juridical limits to the private appropriation of the human genome, via patenting, are examined. The article considers the requirements imposed by the Law Act no 9279/96 (novelty, invention and industrial use), as well as some Brazilian constitutional dispositions concerning biopatents. In the conclusion, we argue that the Bioethics and the Biolaw principles are valuable instruments to support juridical decisions and to guide the establishment of possible limits on the use and/or development of the Biomedicine. Consequently when interpreting a concrete case, besides having a multidisciplinary analysis, we have refreshed classic juridical concepts. This is achieved by rethinking juridical fundamentals and opening up the space for the conceptualization of a Bio-Constitution interpretation.


PubMed | PUC PR.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of applied oral science : revista FOB | Year: 2011

It has been evaluated in vitro the sealing capacity of MTA-Angelus, ProRoot-MTA, Super-EBA and MBP-c when sealing furcal perforations of extracted human molars. The experiment took place with materials both isolated as well as in association with a plaster of Paris matrix applied at the bottom of the perfuration path. The materials sealing capacity was analyzed by dye leakage of rhodamine B 0,2%.The statistical analysis revealed that when isolated and tested (without the matrix), the cement MBP-c presented the smallest coefficient of marginal leakage, followed by the Super-EBA. There was a statistical significance between those and the cements ProRoot - MTA e MTA - Angelus (p<0,001). In the presence of the matrix, the cement MBP-c also had a superior performance having statistical significance between those and the cements ProRoot - MTA e MTA - Angelus (p<0,05); The Plaster of Paris matrix had a negative impact with statistical significance regarding the sealing capacity of the cements Super-EBA and the MBP-c (p<0,05). Nevertheless, it avoided the leakage of the respective sealing materials.


PubMed | PUC PR
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Acta cirurgica brasileira | Year: 2010

To investigate the influence of methylene blue, on the healing of intestinal anastomoses subjected to ischemia and reperfusion in rats.Forty-five rats divided into the following three groups were used: control (G1); ischemia without methylene blue (G2); and ischemia with methylene blue (G3). A laparotomy was performed and the cranial mesenteric artery isolated. Whereas the cranial artery was temporarily occluded for 45 minutes in groups G2 and G3, prior to enterotomy and intestinal anastomosis, in group G1 the enterotomy and intestinal anastomosis were performed without prior lesion. Afterwards, 2mL of 0.5% methylene blue were instilled in the peritoneal cavities of the animals in group G3, and 2mL of isotonic saline solution in the peritoneal cavities of the animals in group G2. After the reperfusion, an enterectomy and intestinal anastomosis were performed. After the animals had been sacrificed on the seventh day after the operation, the abdominal cavity was examined by resection of a segment of the intestine containing the anastomosis in order to measure its strength and for histopathological examination.Free fluid or abscesses in the peritoneal cavity were rare. When inflammation was analyzed, the group subjected to ischemia without methylene blue had a higher score for mononuclear cells (p=0.021) and granulation tissue (p=0.044). No significant difference was observed in the density of type I or type III collagens.The methylene blue did not show beneficial effect on the healing of intestinal anastomoses subjected to ischemia and reperfusion in rats.

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