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Saskatoon, Canada

Davison C.M.,University of Ottawa | Ford C.S.,Public Health Observatory | Peters P.A.,University of Calgary | Hawe P.,University of Calgary
Health Policy | Year: 2011

Objective: To describe community-driven alcohol policy for 78, primarily First Nations, Métis and Inuit, communities in Canada's three northern territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut) between 1970 and 2008. This is a first step to understanding the policy-oriented prevention system that has evolved in these areas over time. Methods: Regulatory data were compiled from Part II of the Territorial Gazette Indices and the Revised Statutes and Regulations of each territory. Regulations were categorized as open, restricted, prohibited or other. Results: The number of communities with some form of regulation has increased steadily over time with half of the sample communities adopting some form of regulation between 1970 and 2008. The use of prohibition as a policy choice peaked in 1980 but has remained relatively steady since that time. There has been a steady increase in the adoption of other kinds of restrictions. Communities with regulations tend to have smaller and younger populations, a greater percentage of people with First Nations, Métis or Inuit origin and are more geographically isolated than those with no regulation. Conclusions: This is the first time alcohol control policies have been compiled and described for the Canadian north. The dataset records the collective energies being put into community problem solving and provides a means to interpret the prevalence of health and social problems linked to alcohol use in these communities over time. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source

Jin S.,University of Saskatchewan | Muhajarine N.,University of Saskatchewan | Cushon J.,Public Health Observatory | Lim H.J.,University of Saskatchewan
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health | Year: 2013

This study examined links between depression and multilevel factors among children from Saskatoon elementary schools. A total of 4,200 students participated in the Saskatoon Student Health Survey conducted in 2008-9. Covariates included demographics and family structure, relationships, physical activity, bullying experiences, and school refusal behaviours. A multilevel logistic regression model was used to examine the impact of individual-level and school-level (contextual) factors. The study revealed that depression disparity existed among schools, and students' school refusal behaviours such as skipping or being suspended from school were among the main factors contributing to the disparity between schools. Copyright © 2013 - Canadian Periodical for Community Studies Inc. Source

Cushon J.,Royal University | Waldner C.,University of Saskatchewan | Scott C.,Public Health Observatory | Neudorf C.,University of Saskatchewan
Journal of School Health | Year: 2016

BACKGROUND: We assessed associations between key demographic risk factors and the outcome of depressed mood in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, to inform the planning and implementation of mental health promotion programming in schools. METHODS: In the 2008/2009 school year, 3958 students from grades 5 through 8 from 76 elementary schools completed questions regarding depressed mood on the Student Health Survey administered by the Saskatoon Health Region. The demographic risk factors for depressed mood considered in this study included age, sex, cultural status, and neighborhood income, as well as the role of school and age cohorts or grades within schools. RESULTS: We found Aboriginal students were significantly more likely to report moderate/severe depressed mood than other students. We also found older female adolescents were significantly more likely to report moderate/severe depressed mood. Neighborhood income explained the largest proportion (40%) of depressed mood differences between schools. CONCLUSIONS: These results can inform the planning and implementation of mental health promotion programming by the health sector in Saskatoon's elementary schools, including an appropriate balance between targeted and population-based interventions that address both the distal and proximal determinants of depressed mood in adolescents. © 2016, American School Health Association Source

Broome R.A.,Public Health Observatory | Fann N.,U.S. Environmental Protection Agency | Cristina T.J.N.,Public Health Observatory | Fulcher C.,U.S. Environmental Protection Agency | And 3 more authors.
Environmental Research | Year: 2015

Among industrialised countries, fine particle (PM2.5) and ozone levels in the Sydney metropolitan area of Australia are relatively low. Annual mean PM2.5 levels have historically remained below 8μg/m3 while warm season (November-March) ozone levels occasionally exceed the Australian guideline value of 0.10ppm (daily 1h max). Yet, these levels are still below those seen in the United States and Europe. This analysis focuses on two related questions: (1) what is the public health burden associated with air pollution in Sydney; and (2) to what extent would reducing air pollution reduce the number of hospital admissions, premature deaths and number of years of life lost (YLL)? We addressed these questions by applying a damage function approach to Sydney population, health, PM2.5 and ozone data for 2007 within the BenMAP-CE software tool to estimate health impacts and economic benefits. We found that 430 premature deaths (90% CI: 310-540) and 5800 YLL (95% CI: 3900-7600) are attributable to 2007 levels of PM2.5 (about 2% of total deaths and 1.8% of YLL in 2007). We also estimate about 630 (95% CI: 410-840) respiratory and cardiovascular hospital admissions attributable to 2007 PM2.5 and ozone exposures. Reducing air pollution levels by even a small amount will yield a range of health benefits. Reducing 2007 PM2.5 exposure in Sydney by 10% would, over 10 years, result in about 650 (95% CI: 430-850) fewer premature deaths, a gain of 3500 (95% CI: 2300-4600) life-years and about 700 (95% CI: 450-930) fewer respiratory and cardiovascular hospital visits. These results suggest that substantial health benefits are attainable in Sydney with even modest reductions in air pollution. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source

Cushon J.,Public Health Observatory | Creighton T.,Public Health Observatory | Kershaw T.,Public Health Observatory | Marko J.,Public Health Observatory | Markham T.,Population and Public Health
Chronic Diseases and Injuries in Canada | Year: 2013

Introduction: We explored food access and balance in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada in relation to material and social deprivation. Methods: We mapped the location of all large supermarkets and fast food retailers in Saskatoon. Supermarket accessibility index scores and food balance scores were compared to material and social deprivation indexes to determine significant associations. Results: Our results indicate that the poorest access to supermarkets occurred in areas west of the South Saskatchewan River and also in suburban areas around the perimeter of the city. Areas west of the river are some of the most deprived areas in the city. Saskatoon's mean food balance ratio of 2.3 indicates that access favours fast food. However, we did not find a clear pattern or clear socio-economic gradient for most measures. Conclusion: This study highlights the importance of contextual studies of food access. This study also highlighted a number of other issues that should be explored in the Saskatoon context such as individual-level food consumption patterns, mobility, temporal dimensions of food access and economic access as well as interventions that could improve food access in the city. Source

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