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Mu H.-M.,Peking University | Wu C.,Peking Union Medical College | Zhang L.,Peking University | Pan K.-F.,Peking University | And 9 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Research | Year: 2010

Objective: To evaluate the relationship between the genetic polymorphism of prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA) and the risk of advanced precancerous gastric lesions including intestinal metaplasia(IM) and dysplasia(Dys), a population-based study was conducted in Linqu County, a high-risk area of gastric cancer (GC) in China. Methods: The prevalence of gastric lesions including superficial gastritis(SG), chronic atrophic gastritis(CAG), IM and Dys was determined by histopathologic examination. The genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) technique. The effects of PSCA genetic variant on the risks of IM and Dys were calculated by unconditional logistic regression. Results: Multivariate analysis revealed subjects carrying PSCA rs2294008 CT/TT genotype were associated with an increased risk of IM (OR=1.38, 95% CI=1.11-1.71) and Dys (OR=1.75, 95% CI=1.36-2.26), especially for subjects with H.pylori infection (IM: OR=1.34, 95% CI=1.05-1.71×Dys: OR=1.82, 95% CI=1.37-2.42). Furthermore, H. pylori infection and PSCA rs2294008 CT/TT genotype were observed to jointly elevate the risk of IM (OR=3.32, 95% CI=2.33-4.71) and Dys (OR=4.58, 95% CI=2.99-7.04). Conclusion: This study suggested that PSCA rs2294008 might have an impact on the risk of IM or Dys among the high risk population of GC. © Chinese Anti-Cancer Association and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010.

Ma J.,Peking University | Liu W.,Linqu Public Health Bureau | Zhang L.,Peking University | Pan K.,Peking University | And 6 more authors.
European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology | Year: 2010

AIM: To explore a low-cost and highly-effective therapy for eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), a placebo-controlled trial of quadruple therapy was conducted in a population at high risk of gastric cancer in Linqu County of Shandong Province, China. Methods: Two hundred and seventy-seven adults aged 35-54 years with H. pylori infection in three villages were assigned to two groups: treatment (n=189 in two villages) and placebo (n=88 in one village). Participants received either a 10-day oral quadruple therapy regimen with omeprazole (20 mg, twice daily); tetracycline (750 mg, three times daily); metronidazole (500 mg, three times daily) and bismuth potassium citrate (300 mg, twice daily), or a similar lookalike placebo regimen. The status of H. pylori infection in each trial participant before and after six weeks of treatment was determined by a C-urea breath test. Results: One hundred and seventy-four of 189 participants completed the quadruple therapy (92.1%) and 84 participants completed the placebo therapy (95.5%). The H. pylori eradication rate by intention-to-treat analysis was 76.7% (145 of 189) in the treatment group and 1.1% (1 of 88) in the placebo group, respectively; by per-protocol analysis it was 83.3% (145 of 174) in the treatment group and 1.2% (1 of 84) in the placebo group, respectively. Conclusion: In a high-risk area of gastric cancer, we conducted a high compliance, tolerable, low side-effect and lowcost therapy of anti-H. pylori. The eradication rate of the 10-day quadruple treatment was more than 80% and significantly higher than the triple therapy regimen used in this population in an earlier trial. © 2010 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

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