Psychiatric Hospital Sveti Ivan

Jankomir, Croatia

Psychiatric Hospital Sveti Ivan

Jankomir, Croatia

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Mihanovic M.,Psychiatric Hospital Sveti Ivan | Mihanovic M.,Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek | Restek-Petrovic B.,Psychiatric Hospital Sveti Ivan | Restek-Petrovic B.,Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek | And 4 more authors.
Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment | Year: 2015

Background: The Sveti Ivan Psychiatric Hospital in Zagreb, Croatia, offers foster home care treatment that includes pharmacotherapy, group psychodynamic psychotherapy, family therapy, and work and occupational therapy. The aim of this study is to compare the health-related quality of life of patients with schizophrenia treated in foster home care with that of patients in standard outpatient treatment. Methods: The sample consisted of 44 patients with schizophrenia who, upon discharge from the hospital, were included in foster home care treatment and a comparative group of 50 patients who returned to their families and continued receiving outpatient treatment. All patients completed the Short Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire on the day they completed hospital treatment, 6 months later, and 1 year after they participated in the study. The research also included data on the number of hospitalizations for both groups of patients. Results: Though directly upon discharge from the hospital, patients who entered foster home care treatment assessed their health-related quality of life as poorer than patients who returned to their families, their assessments significantly improved over time. After 6 months of treatment, these patients even achieved better results in several dimensions than did patients in the outpatient program, and they also had fewer hospitalizations. These effects remained the same at the follow-up 1 year after the inclusion in the study. Conclusion: Notwithstanding the limitations of this study, it can be concluded that treatment in foster home care is associated with an improvement in the quality of life of patients with schizophrenia, but the same was not observed for the patients in standard outpatient treatment. We hope that these findings will contribute to an improved understanding of the influence of psychosocial factors on the functioning of patients and the development of more effective therapeutic methods aimed at improving the patients’ quality of life. © 2015 Mihanović et al.


PubMed | Psychiatric Hospital Sveti Ivan, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek and University Hospital Center Osijek
Type: | Journal: Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment | Year: 2015

The Sveti Ivan Psychiatric Hospital in Zagreb, Croatia, offers foster home care treatment that includes pharmacotherapy, group psychodynamic psychotherapy, family therapy, and work and occupational therapy. The aim of this study is to compare the health-related quality of life of patients with schizophrenia treated in foster home care with that of patients in standard outpatient treatment.The sample consisted of 44 patients with schizophrenia who, upon discharge from the hospital, were included in foster home care treatment and a comparative group of 50 patients who returned to their families and continued receiving outpatient treatment. All patients completed the Short Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire on the day they completed hospital treatment, 6 months later, and 1 year after they participated in the study. The research also included data on the number of hospitalizations for both groups of patients.Though directly upon discharge from the hospital, patients who entered foster home care treatment assessed their health-related quality of life as poorer than patients who returned to their families, their assessments significantly improved over time. After 6 months of treatment, these patients even achieved better results in several dimensions than did patients in the outpatient program, and they also had fewer hospitalizations. These effects remained the same at the follow-up 1 year after the inclusion in the study.Notwithstanding the limitations of this study, it can be concluded that treatment in foster home care is associated with an improvement in the quality of life of patients with schizophrenia, but the same was not observed for the patients in standard outpatient treatment. We hope that these findings will contribute to an improved understanding of the influence of psychosocial factors on the functioning of patients and the development of more effective therapeutic methods aimed at improving the patients quality of life.


Jaksic N.,University of Zagreb | Brajkovic L.,University of Zagreb | Ivezic E.,Psychiatric Hospital Sveti Ivan | Topic R.,University of Zagreb | Jakovljevic M.,University of Zagreb
Psychiatria Danubina | Year: 2012

Background: A number of studies have shown that although exposure to potentially traumatic events is common, development of PTSD is relatively rare, which is one of the reasons PTSD still remains a controversial psychiatric entity. The aim of this article was to provide an overview of the research on the role of personality traits in the vulnerability, resilience, posttraumatic growth and expressions associated with PTSD. Personality based approach represents a dimensional aspect of the transdisciplinary integrative model of PTSD. Methods: We conducted a systematic search on PubMed, PsycINFO, and Academic Search Complete from 1980 (the year PTSD was first included in the DSM) and 2012 (the year the literature search was performed). Manual examination of secondary sources such as the reference sections of selected articles and book chapters were also conducted. Results: Most of the reviewed studies dealing with personality traits as vulnerability and protective factors for PTSD examined the relationship between basic personality dimensions and severity of symptoms of PTSD. These studies have applied three types of methodological designs: cross-sectional, post-trauma and pre-trauma longitudinal studies, with latter being the least common option. Conclusion: Finding that appears relatively consistent is that PTSD is positively related to negative emotionality, neuroticism, harm avoidance, novelty-seeking and self-transcendence, as well as to trait hostility/anger and trait anxiety. On the other hand, PTSD symptoms are negatively associated with extraversion, conscientiousness, self-directedness, the combination of high positive and low negative emotionality, as well as with hardiness and optimism, while posttraumatic growth shows inverse relation to most of these traits. Furthermore, a number of studies have confirmed the existance of three distinct personality-based subtypes of PTSD: internalizing, externalizing and low pathology PTSD. These findings may help in further uncovering etiological mechanisms and in building new strategies for prevention, identification and reduction of health risks among this trauma population, as well as facilitating potential posttraumatic growth. However, focusing on just a single dimensional perspective will unable us to generate comprehensive knowledge of the etiology, course and treatment of PTSD. © Medicinska naklada.


Mimica N.,Psychiatric Hospital Vrapce | Mimica N.,University of Zagreb | Presecki P.,Psychiatric Hospital Sveti Ivan
Psychiatria Danubina | Year: 2010

The current clinical view on pharmacological treatment and the Croatian reality regarding approved antidementia drugs is presented. Dementia is a syndrome of high incidence and Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia. New data show that dementia prevalence will nearly double every 20 years, and we believe that current estimated number of persons with dementia (PWD) for Croatia is more than 80,000. The standard treatment with antidementia drugs is unavailable in Croatia, for the majority of PWD, because antidementia drugs are not on the reimbursement list, although Croatian algorithm for psychopharmacological treatment and Alzheimer Disease Societies Croatia recommend early and adequate treatment. Alzheimer's dementia is becoming a world's health priority in 21st century, so we strongly believe that antidementia drugs should be reimbursed in Croatia. © Medicinska naklada.


Grah M.,Psychiatric Hospital Sveti Ivan | Mihanovic M.,Psychiatric Hospital Sveti Ivan | Ruljancic N.,Psychiatric Hospital Sveti Ivan | Restek-Petrovic B.,Psychiatric Hospital Sveti Ivan | And 2 more authors.
Acta Neuropsychiatrica | Year: 2014

Objective: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays a critical role in brain plasticity processes and serum levels have been demonstrated to be altered in patients with different mental disorder including suicidal behaviour. The Objective: of this study was to examine the association between serum BDNF levels as a possible peripheral indicator of suicide behaviour in subjects suffering from depression, personality disorders (PDs) and adjustment disorders (ADs) with or without suicide attempt. Methods: The research included 172 randomly selected individuals suffering from recurrent depressive disorder (RDD; F 33.2), emotionally unstable PD (F 60.3) and AD (F 43.2), with or without attempted suicide according to the criteria of the ICD-10 (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision) and 60 phenotypically health control subjects. In the group of patients, 73% subjects took some form of psychopharmacotherapy. Serum BDNF levels were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Results Subjects with PD and AD with suicide attempts had significantly lower serum BDNF levels than those without suicide attempts. In groups of subjects with PD and AD, those taking psychopharmacotherapy had higher serum BDNF levels. In the group of subjects with RDD, there were no differences with respect to suicide attempts or psychopharmacotherapy. Logistical regression analysis was indicated that psychopharmcotherapy and serum BDNF levels statistically correlated with suicide attempts. Conclusion: The lower levels of BDNF in subjects suffering from PD and AD with suicide attempts, suggest that the serum BDNF level is a potential marker of suicidal behaviour, independent of mental disorders. © Scandinavian College of Neuropsychopharmacology 2014.


Mihanovic M.,Psychiatric Hospital Sveti Ivan | Restek-Petrovic B.,Psychiatric Hospital Sveti Ivan | Bodor D.,Psychiatric Hospital Sveti Ivan | Molnar S.,Psychiatric Hospital Sveti Ivan | And 2 more authors.
Psychiatria Danubina | Year: 2010

Antidepressants and antipsychotics can cause side effects in various organs and organic systems, and some (and) in the central nervous system, which can also be clinically manifested by suicidal behavior as well. Tricyclic antidepressants particularly of imipramine and clomipramine can have pro-suicidal effect, which is believed to be the consequence of their own hypothetic asynchronous cognitive-psychomotor pharmacodynamic action. Antidepressants from the group of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors can at the beginning of administration as monotherapy also have pro-suicidal effects in patients with hints of suicidality or suicidal behavior, by increasing the intensity of already present suicidal predictors, such as dysphoria, anxiety, impulsiveness, agitation etc. Antipsychotics can act stimulatingly upon predictors of suicidal behavior, that is, pro-suicidal in an indirect way through side effects they cause indirect pro-suicidal neurological and consecutive psychological impact, as it is called. It is particularly valid for classic antipsychotics causing primarily neurological, i.e. extrapyramidal side effects, along which consecutive psychological side effects can occur as well. However, new antipsychotics in comparison to classic ones, have less pronounced neurological, extrapyramidal symptoms and signs but more somatic-metabolic side effects, and thereby their action can be mostly manifested as indirect pro-suicidal neurological and somatic-metabolic as well as consecutive psychological activity. © Medicinska naklada.


Presecki P.,Psychiatric Hospital Sveti Ivan
Psychiatria Danubina | Year: 2010

Idiosyncratic reactions are serious, unpredicted adverse effects of antiepileptic drugs which are in use in psychiatry as mood stabilizers. Severe idiosyncratic reactions can manifest as systemic symptoms or Dress syndrome clinically manifested with increased body temperature, peripheral lymphadenopathy and potential one or multiple organ failure. We present a 36 years old patient, who was hospitalized for the first time in our hospital after he attempted suicide by hanging. Patient was diagnosed as Bipolar affective disorder, current episode depressive with psychotic features and high suicidal risk. At the time of admission he was taking olanzapine and venlafaxine. Psychopharmacs were cross titrated to clozapine, valproic acid and lamotrigine. Two weeks later, patient's mood was stabilized but his somatic status worsened dramatically. He was forwarded to Clinic for Infective Diseases where he was diagnosed with severe sepsis. Dress syndrome, although initially suspected was not verified, but has to be taken into consideration in each patient prescribed with antiepileptic drugs.


PubMed | Psychiatric Hospital Sveti Ivan
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Psychiatria Danubina | Year: 2016

The aim of this study was to examine the day hospital treatment outcome on severity of clinical manifestations, general neuroticism and coping mechanisms in patients suffering from chronic combat-related PTSD.The sample consisted of 38 consecutive patients admitted to the Day Hospital treatment of PTSD during one year observation period. The average age of the sample was 46.03 years. The patients completed 3 self-report measures upon admission to the hospital and upon discharge: The Mississippi scale for combat-related PTSD (M-PTSD), The Crown-Crisp experiential index (CCEI), and The COPE inventory.There was no significant change in the severity of clinical manifestations of PTSD, general neuroticism and coping mechanisms among the whole sample. However, compared to married participants and participants with children, single participants and those without children reported higher levels of anxiety when admitted to the hospital, but lower levels at discharge. In addition, patients without children reduced their avoidance behavior during the treatment.This preliminary study showed that single patients and those without children may benefit more from the day hospital treatment program. Our findings emphasize the importance of social support in the recovery process of severely traumatized persons, and may assist with the development of more effective therapeutic approaches.


PubMed | Psychiatric Hospital Sveti Ivan
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Psychiatria Danubina | Year: 2016

Despite the increased risk, the quality of somatic healthcare is lower for patients with mental illnesses. Currently dominant approach separates physical and mental, primary and secondary healthcare. Objective of our study was to explore whether somatic comorbidities are associated with a poor HRQoL independently of some sociodemographic and clinical factors. Majority of studies have explored particular somatic and psychiatric illnesses. Therefore we decided to access the problem from the general perspective of the universe of somatic and mental illnesses in the large psychiatric institution.This nested cross-sectional study was done during May 2016 at Psychiatric hospital Sveti Ivan, Zagreb, Croatia on the sample of 506 patients diagnosed with psychiatric illnesses (ICD-10: F00-F99). Key outcome was the lowest 25% results on the SF-36 General health sub-scale, indicating the worst HRQoL. Predictors were all detected somatic illnesses. By multivariate logistic regression we controlled different sociodemographic, vital and clinical factors.After adjustment for different sociodemographic and clinical factors, three somatic comorbidities remained independently associated with the worst HRQoL: endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (E00-E90), diseases of respiratory system (J00-J99) and diseases of musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (M00-M99) CONCLUSIONS: Somatic comorbidities in psychiatric patients are associated with the poor HRQoL independently of different sociodemographic, vital and clinical factors and they should be treated seriously and integrally with mental aspects of HRQoL. Early comorbidities detection and adequate pharmacological and psychotherapeutic treatment, as well as the prevention of risk factors, may improve the quality of life and reduce morbidity and mortality of psychiatric patients.


PubMed | Psychiatric Hospital Sveti Ivan
Type: | Journal: Psychiatria Danubina | Year: 2015

This study aimed to examine the relationship between some personality characteristics of patients diagnosed with psychotic disorders and the quality of their engagement in psychodynamic group psychotherapy. Given that previous research has shown that self-stigma is significantly negatively associated with the engagement of patients, the measure of self-stigma was used as a correlate of patients motivation to participate in group psychotherapy.A total of 48 outpatients (52.1% women; mean age 35.30 years) attending group psychodynamic psychotherapy completed The Inventory of Personality Organization, The Pathological Narcissism Inventory, The Measure of Parental Style, The Relationship Questionnaire, and The Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness scale.The findings showed that patients with higher levels of self-stigma have unhealthy attachments styles, perceived their mothers parental style as indifferent and achieved greater scores on narcissistic vulnerability scale. They are also are prone to primitive psychological defences, have poorly integrated identity, and achieved lower scores on reality testing dimension.Taking into account the limitations of this study, these findings may contribute to improved understanding of the quality of participation and engagement of psychotic patients in group psychotherapy, and may help to develop more effective therapeutic approaches.

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