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Wiesloch, Germany

Meyer P.-W.,University of Heidelberg | Muller L.E.,University of Heidelberg | Zastrow A.,Psychiatric Center Nordbaden | Schmidinger I.,University of Heidelberg | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Neural Transmission | Year: 2016

Traumatic experiences have severe impact on the autonomous nervous system. Heart rate variability (HRV) is a reliable psychophysiological marker for the autonomous nervous system functioning. Reduced vagally mediated HRV has been found in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and, in some studies, in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). In this study, we compared HRV parameters of patients with PTSD, current BPD, and BPD in remission with healthy volunteers in a 5 min resting-state electrocardiogram recording. 91 unmedicated female participants took part in the study (18 with PTSD, 27 with the current BPD, 23 with BPD in remission, and 23 healthy volunteers). We found significant group differences in both time-domain and frequency-domain (total power, low-frequency and high-frequency power) HRV parameters. Root mean square of the successive differences (RMSSD) was lowest in patients with PTSD (M = 48.6 ms, SD = 23.5 ms) followed by patients with BPD in remission (M = 57.7 ms, SD = 31.5 ms) and patients with the current BPD (M = 71.1 ms, SD = 44.5 ms), while the highest RMSSD was found in healthy volunteers (M = 84.1 ms, SD = 41.7 ms). Variance of HRV was higher in patients with BPD than in patients with PTSD. In addition, RMSSD was significantly negatively correlated with self-reported early life maltreatment assessed with the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire. Our findings point out a complex interaction between traumatic experiences, the functioning of the autonomic nervous system, and psychopathology. Alterations in HRV might be related to early life maltreatment or associated psychological factors rather than diagnostic entities. © 2016 Springer-Verlag Wien

Kordy H.,University of Heidelberg | Backenstrass M.,University of Heidelberg | Husing J.,University of Heidelberg | Wolf M.,University of Heidelberg | And 5 more authors.
Contemporary Clinical Trials | Year: 2013

Major depression is a highly prevalent, disabling disorder associated with loss of quality of life and large economic burden for the society. Depressive disorders often follow a chronic or recurrent course. The risk of relapses increases with each additional episode. The internet-deliverable intervention strategy SUMMIT (SUpportive Monitoring and Disease Management over the InTernet) for patients with recurrent depression has been developed with the main objectives to prolong symptom-free phases and to shorten symptom-loaden phases. This paper describes the study design of a six-sites, three-arm, randomized clinical trial intended to evaluate the efficacy of this novel strategy compared to treatment as usual (TAU). Two hundred thirty six patients who had been treated for their (at least) third depressive episode in one of the six participating psychiatric centers were randomized into one of three groups: 1) TAU plus a twelve-month SUMMIT program participation with personal support or 2) TAU plus a twelve-month SUMMIT program participation without personal support, or 3) TAU alone. Primary outcome of this study is defined as the number of "well weeks" over 24. months after index treatment assessed by blind evaluators based on the Longitudinal Interval Follow-Up Evaluation. If efficacious, the low monetary and nonmonetary expenditures of this automated, yet individualized intervention may open new avenues for providing an acceptable, convenient, and affordable long-term disease management strategy to people with a chronic mental condition such as recurrent depression. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Kundermann B.,Vitos Clinic for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy Giessen | Kundermann B.,University of Marburg | Hemmeter-Spernal J.,University of Marburg | Strate P.,University of Marburg | And 5 more authors.
Zeitschrift fur Neuropsychologie | Year: 2015

Aim of the study was to identify neuropsychological predictors of the clinical response to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in patients with major depression. 19 unmedicated patients underwent neuropsychological testing at baseline and subsequently were assigned randomly to CBTover 3 weeks either as monotherapy or combined with sleep deprivation (SD) therapy (two nights of total SD/week). Hierarchical regression analysis revealed that parameters of declarative verbal memory and a word fluency task predicted the clinical response (percentage improvement of Hamilton depression scores) to CBT monotherapy, whereas no such prediction was obtained in the combination group. The results suggest that certain cognitive performances have a unique predictive value for the response to CBT, which appears to be abolished by additive treatments with cognitive side effects (e.g. SD). © 2015 Verlag Hans Huber, Hogrefe AG, Bern.

Kronmuller K.-T.,University of Heidelberg | Von Bock A.,University of Heidelberg | Grupe S.,University of Heidelberg | Buche L.,University of Heidelberg | And 7 more authors.
Comprehensive Psychiatry | Year: 2011

Background: The aims of this study were to examine the psychometric properties of a German version of the Psychotic Symptom Rating Scales (PSYRATS) in a sample of patients with schizophrenic spectrum disorders and affective disorders with delusions and to validate subscales of the PSYRATS with other ratings of psychotic symptoms. Sampling and methods: Two hundred patients with schizophrenic spectrum disorder and affective disorders with delusions were examined. Psychometric properties of the PSYRATS items and scales were determined, and the scores of the PSYRATS scales and subscales were compared to the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and other ratings of psychotic symptoms. Results: The PSYRATS items and scales were found to have excellent interrater reliability. Two factors for the delusions scale (DS) and 4 factors of the auditory hallucinations scale were found. Subscales of the DS and auditory hallucinations scale were replicated by factor analysis, and the validity of the subscales was supported. Conclusions: The German version of the PSYRATS is a reliable and valid assessment tool for delusions and hallucinations. The findings support the validity of the PSYRATS subscales. The DS is also applicable for patients with affective disorders. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

Kranaster L.,University of Heidelberg | Kammerer-Ciernioch J.,Psychiatric Center Nordbaden | Hoyer C.,University of Heidelberg | Sartorius A.,University of Heidelberg
European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience | Year: 2011

In a retrospective chart review, we examined the effects of ketamine, an N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist, as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) anaesthetic in patients suffering from therapy-resistant depression. We included 42 patients who received ECT treatment with either ketamine (n = 16) or the barbiturate thiopental (n = 26). We analysed the number of sessions until completion of ECT treatment (used as a surrogate parameter for outcome), psychopathology as assessed by pre- and post-ECT Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D) scores as well as ECT and seizure parameters (stimulation dose, seizure duration and concordance, urapidil dosage for post-seizure blood pressure management). The ketamine group needed significantly fewer ECT sessions and had significantly lower HAM-D and higher MMSE scores afterwards. As expected, the ketamine group needed more urapidil for blood pressure control. Taking into account the limits inherent in a retrospective study design and the rather small sample size, our results nonetheless point towards synergistic effects of ECT and ketamine anaesthesia, less cognitive side effects and good tolerability of ketamine. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

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