Narasimhan S.,PSG Institute of Medical science and Research |
Balasubramanian P.,PSG Hospitals
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2017
Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency has reached epidemic proportions in India with prevalence rates of 70-100% in the general population. Low vitamin D levels are associated with worse outcomes in ischemic strokes. The outcome of stroke after vitamin D replenishment has not been much studied. Aim: To compare the stroke outcome between patients receiving vitamin D supplementation and patients without vitamin D supplementation by Scandinavian Stroke Scale (SSS) and thus, to assess the long term outcome of ischemic stroke patients with low vitamin D level by supplementation of vitamin D. Materials and Methods: This is a non blinded randomized controlled trial conducted in ischemic stroke patients. The patients were divided into two groups (A and B) where Group A received a single dose of 6 lac IU of Cholecalciferol Intramascular (IM) injection and Group B were not given vitamin D. Finally 30 patients in each group were analyzed. SSS was applied to evaluate the stroke severity at the onset and at the follow up after three months in both groups. The difference in SSS was analyzed using SPSS software. Independent t-test was applied and p-value < 0.05 was taken as significant. results: Mean±SD of vitamin D levels in Group A and Group B were 17.98±3.81ng/ml and 18.44±4.69 ng/ml respectively. Mean±SD of SSS at time of admission and after three months for Group A was 32.50±11.61 and 38.89±8.34; and for Group B 35.82±8.56 and 38.32±7.10. The difference in SSS from time of admission and after three months, in Group A (6.39±4.56) and Group B (2.50±2.20) were analyzed statistically and found to be highly significant (p<0.001). conclusion: The results showed that there is a significant improvement in the stroke outcome after three months in those patients who were supplemented with vitamin D. Thus screening for vitamin D deficiency in stroke patients is essential and vitamin D replenishment will improve the stroke outcome. © 2017, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved.
Ramalingam M.,PSG Hospitals |
Murugesan A.,PSG Hospitals |
Senthil K.,Urology Clinic |
Pai M.G.,Urology Clinic
Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons | Year: 2014
Background: Laparoscopic pyeloplasty is one of the most common reconstructive procedures performed by urologists. Both continuous and interrupted sutures are being practiced for ureteropelvic anastomosis. The success rate and the complications associated with the suturing technique needs evaluation. We analyzed the results from of our patients who underwent laparoscopic pyeloplasty using both techniques. Objective: To review the outcome differences among patients undergoing laparoscopic pyeloplasty regarding suturing technique. Materials and Methods: All patients who underwent laparoscopic, transperitoneal dismembered pyeloplasty of the primary pelviureteric obstruction were analyzed. The primary outcome was successful pyeloplasty, as assessed by the resolution of symptoms and T1/2 <10 minutes. The secondary outcomes were the complication rate and the operative parameters. The difference in the parameters was assessed by Student t test analysis. Results: Of the 107 patients we studied, 65 had interrupted suturing and 42 had continuous suturing. The success rate was not significantly different among the 2 groups. The mean suturing time, postoperative drainage volume, postoperative hospital stay, and total cost of the procedure were significantly less in the continuous suturing group. Conclusion: The continuous suturing technique is preferred over the interrupted suturing technique for laparoscopic pyeloplasty because the success rates are equal and the postoperative stay, suturing time, drain output, and cost of the procedure are better. © 2014 by JSLS, Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons.
Rai R.,PSG Hospitals |
Shanmuga S.,PSG Hospitals |
Srinivas C.R.,PSG Hospitals
Indian Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2012
Photoprotection by sunscreens, clothing and glasses are important to protect the skin against the detrimental effects of sun exposure. In order to achieve complete protection, topical strategies must shield against the range of solar wavelengths ultraviolet A, ultraviolet B, infrared radiation that can damage the skin. To provide the necessary broad spectrum coverage, combinations of chemical and physical UV filters along with molecules that are capable of interfering with and/or preventing the deleterious effects of sunlight are discussed in this review.
Lakshmi C.,PSG Hospitals |
Krishnaswamy G.,PSG Hospitals
Indian Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2015
Background: Q-switched neodymium: yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd: YAG) laser at a wavelength of 1064 nm primarily targets dermal melanin and black tattoo ink. Recent studies have shown that this laser is effective in treating black tattoos. There are few studies conducted in India for the same. Aim: The aim was to assess the effectiveness of Q-switched Nd: YAG laser (QSNYL) in the treatment of blue-black tattoos following 3 treatment sessions. Materials and Methods: This study, a prospective interventional study included a total of 12 blue-black tattoos. Following informed consent for the procedure, as well as for photographs, a questionnaire was administered, and improvement perceived by the patient was recorded. In addition, global assessment score (GAS) by a blinded physician was also recorded. Photographs were taken at baseline and at every follow-up. Each patient underwent three treatment sessions with 1064 nm QSNYL at 4-6 weekly intervals. Fluences ranged from 1.8 to 9 J/cm 2. The follow-up was done monthly for 4 months from the first treatment session. The response was assessed by patient assessment (PA) and GAS by comparing photographs. Results: After three treatment sessions, although no patient achieved clearance, most patients showed good response with few adverse effects. An average of 64.1% (GAS) and 54.2% (PA) improvement was observed in 12 tattoos. Tattoos more than 10-year-old showed quicker clearing than those less than 10-year-old. Amateur tattoos also showed a better response in comparison to professional tattoos. Conclusion: Totally, 1064 nm QSNYL is safe and effective for lightening blue-black tattoos in pigmented Indian skin. All patients achieved near complete clearance following the continuation of treatment (an average of six sessions) although this was spaced at longer intervals. © 2015 Indian Journal of Dermatology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow.
Venkatachala S.,PSG Hospitals |
Sivaraman A.,PSG Hospitals
Fetal and Pediatric Pathology | Year: 2011
Meckel syndrome is a lethal autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the triad of cystic renal dysplasia, occipital encephalocele, or other anomaly of the central nervous system and post-axial polydactyly. Malformation of the ductal plate is an integral component of Meckel syndrome. Ductal plate malformations include congenital hepatic fibrosis, biliary hamartoma, autosomal dominant polycystic liver disease, Caroli disease, and choledochal cyst. The occurrence of cystic hepatic disease, Caroli disease, and choledochal cyst have not been highlighted. This is a report of a 26-week fetus with features of Meckel syndrome, Caroli disease, and choledochal cyst. © 2011 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.
Srinivas C.R.,PSG Hospitals |
Sekar C.S.,PSG Hospitals |
Jayashree R.,PSG Hospitals
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology | Year: 2012
Photodermatoses are a group of disorders resulting from abnormal cutaneous reactions to solar radiation. They include idiopathic photosensitive disorders, drug or chemical induced photosensitivity reactions, DNA repair-deficiency photodermatoses and photoaggravated dermatoses. The pathophysiology differs in these disorders but photoprotection is the most integral part of their management. Photoprotection includes wearing photoprotective clothing, applying broad spectrum sunscreens and avoiding photosensitizing drugs and chemicals.
Lakshmi C.,PSG Hospitals |
Swarnalakshimi S.,PSG Hospitals
Indian Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2015
Klinefelter syndrome (KFS) is the most common non-heritable sex chromosome anomaly caused by nondisjunction during cell division and contains two or more X chromosomes. More than two third of all cases are homogenous (47XXY) and the remaining are mosaic (46XY/47XXY). Lower limb ulcers are frequently observed and attributed to impaired fibrinolysis. A case of KFS with post acne scars and leg ulcers is presented. The rarity of acne in this syndrome is explained by the phenomenon of mosaicism.
Varadharajulu S.,Neurofoundation |
Chandrasekaran B.,PSG Hospitals
Indian Journal of Psychiatry | Year: 2015
Periodic limb movements unlike restless leg syndrome is under diagnosed and unrecognized in medical arena. While robust Western trials have elucidated the association between periodic limb movements and sleep disturbances, it is not well received and recognized in India even in well sophisticated tertiary care hospital. We report a chronic insomnia patient who had sleep disturbances for past 30 years due to periodic limb movements alone. This was diagnosed through polysomnography. This case emphasizes monitoring leg movements during sleep study. This report may open new horizons in improving monitoring in sleep study in clinical setting.
Srinivas C.,PSG Hospitals |
Kumaresan M.,PSG Hospitals
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology | Year: 2011
Introduction: Lasers are a good therapeutic tool for congenital and acquired vascular lesions. Technological advances in lasers have reduced the adverse effects and increased the efficacy. Machines: Among the various lasers used for treating vascular lesions, pulsed dye laser (PDL) has the best efficacy and safety data. The other machines that are widely available are Nd:YAG laser and intense pulse light (IPL). Rationale and scope of guideline: Much variation exists in different machines and techniques, and therefore, establishing standard guidelines has limitations. The guidelines recommended here indicate minimum standards of care for lasers on vascular lesions based on current evidence. Physician Qualification: Laser may be administered by a dermatologist, who has received adequate background training in lasers during post-graduation or later at a center that provides education and training in lasers, or in focused workshops, which provide such trainings. He/she should have adequate knowledge of the lesions being treated, machines, parameters, cooling systems, and aftercare. Facility: The procedure may be performed in the physician′s minor procedure room with adequate laser safety measures. Indications: PWS, hemangioma, facial telangiectasia, rosacea, spider angioma, pyogenic granuloma, venous lakes, leg veins. Contraindications: Absolute: Active local infection, photo-aggravated skin diseases, and medical conditions. Relative: Unstable vitiligo, psoriasis, keloid and keloidal tendencies, patient on isotretinoin, patient who is not cooperative or has unrealistic expectation. Patient Selection: Patient selection should be done after detailed counseling with respect to the course of lesions, different treatment options, possible results, cost, need for multiple treatments, and possible postoperative complications. Treatment Sessions: The number of treatments per lesion varies from 2 to 12 or more at 6-8 week intervals. All lesions may not clear completely even after multiple sessions in many cases. Hence, a realistic expectation and proper counseling is very important. Laser parameters: Laser parameters vary with area, type of lesion, skin color, depth of the lesion, and machine used. A test spot may be performed to determine individual specifications. Complications: Pain, edema, purpura, bleeding, scarring, postinflammatory hyperpigmentation/ hypopigmentation, and atrophy changes.
Kumaresan M.,PSG Hospitals |
Srinivas C.R.,PSG Hospitals
Indian Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2010
Background: Intense pulsed light (IPL) has been used for the treatment of facial acne. Modifications of various parameters allow flexibility in treatment, which include energy fluence, pulse duration, and pulse delay. We compared the efficacy of burst-pulse (multiple pulse) mode with single-pulse mode in treatment of acne. Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of the IPL in treatment of facial acne and to compare burst-pulse and single-pulse mode in treatment of acne. Materials and Methods: Ten patients with facial acne were subjected to monotherapy with IPL. Baseline grading of acne was done with Michelsons acne severity index; however, right and left side of face were scored separately and a total score was also taken. IPL was administered once weekly for four sessions. Right side was subjected to IPL with burst-pulse mode, and left side was subjected to single-pulse mode. Severity score assessed after the end of treatment. Clinical photographs were also obtained for evaluation. Results: All patients revealed a reduction in number of acne for both single- and burst-pulse mode treated sides. The mean total score was 49.4 at baseline and showed 49.19% reduction after four sessions of IPL. Burst-pulse mode treated side showed a better control than that of single-pulse mode. Conclusion: IPL as a monotherapy showed beneficial effect in treatment of facial acne. Burst-pulse mode was better than the single-pulse mode in clearing acne.