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Caracas, Venezuela
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Keith D.A.,University of New South Wales | Rodriguez J.P.,Venezuelan Institute for Scientific Research | Rodriguez J.P.,IUCN Commission on Ecosystem Management and IUCN Species Survival Commission | Rodriguez-Clark K.M.,Venezuelan Institute for Scientific Research | And 32 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

An understanding of risks to biodiversity is needed for planning action to slow current rates of decline and secure ecosystem services for future human use. Although the IUCN Red List criteria provide an effective assessment protocol for species, a standard global assessment of risks to higher levels of biodiversity is currently limited. In 2008, IUCN initiated development of risk assessment criteria to support a global Red List of ecosystems. We present a new conceptual model for ecosystem risk assessment founded on a synthesis of relevant ecological theories. To support the model, we review key elements of ecosystem definition and introduce the concept of ecosystem collapse, an analogue of species extinction. The model identifies four distributional and functional symptoms of ecosystem risk as a basis for assessment criteria: A) rates of decline in ecosystem distribution; B) restricted distributions with continuing declines or threats; C) rates of environmental (abiotic) degradation; and D) rates of disruption to biotic processes. A fifth criterion, E) quantitative estimates of the risk of ecosystem collapse, enables integrated assessment of multiple processes and provides a conceptual anchor for the other criteria. We present the theoretical rationale for the construction and interpretation of each criterion. The assessment protocol and threat categories mirror those of the IUCN Red List of species. A trial of the protocol on terrestrial, subterranean, freshwater and marine ecosystems from around the world shows that its concepts are workable and its outcomes are robust, that required data are available, and that results are consistent with assessments carried out by local experts and authorities. The new protocol provides a consistent, practical and theoretically grounded framework for establishing a systematic Red List of the world's ecosystems. This will complement the Red List of species and strengthen global capacity to report on and monitor the status of biodiversity.


News Article | November 7, 2016
Site: www.newsmaker.com.au

Global Feed Probiotics Market accounted for $XX million in 2015 and is expected to grow at a CAGR of XX% to reach $XX million by 2022. Increasing health awareness regarding animal nutrition, industrialization of livestock industry, expansion of animal meat market are some of the factors boosting the market growth. However, Lack of awareness in under developed regions, regulatory framework and competition for raw materials with other industries are hampering the market. Increasing demand in Asia-Pacific Markets and rise in the cost of natural feeds creates ample of opportunities in the market. Lactobacillus is the main market and is expected to exhibit major growth during the forecast period. Pet feed segment is likely to exhibit the healthy growth in the next five years due to the increasing demand for meat products across the globe. Asia Pacific is likely to contribute the main market share in the overall feed probiotics market followed by Europe due to the occurrence of relatively large number of consumers in the region. Europe is also expected to show strong growth due to the ban on the usage of antibiotics that support the growth in animal, which in turn increases the demand for the feed probiotics market. Some of the key players in the market include Danone SA, Royal DSM N.V., E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, Novus International Inc., Arla Foods, Life Products Inc., Nebraska Cultures Inc., Chr. Hansen A/S, Provita Eurotech Ltd, Nestlé Nutrition, Yakult Honsha Co., Ltd. (Japan), Lallemand, Novozymes, General Mills and Calpis Co., Ltd. Regions Covered:  • North America  o US  o Canada  o Mexico  • Europe  o Germany  o France  o Italy  o UK  o Spain  o Rest of Europe  • Asia Pacific  o Japan  o China  o India  o Australia  o New Zealand  o Rest of Asia Pacific  • Rest of the World  o Middle East  o Brazil  o Argentina  o South Africa  o Egypt What our report offers:  - Market share assessments for the regional and country level segments  - Market share analysis of the top industry players  - Strategic recommendations for the new entrants  - Market forecasts for a minimum of 7 years of all the mentioned segments, sub segments and the regional markets  - Market Trends (Drivers, Constraints, Opportunities, Threats, Challenges, Investment Opportunities, and recommendations)  - Strategic recommendations in key business segments based on the market estimations  - Competitive landscaping mapping the key common trends  - Company profiling with detailed strategies, financials, and recent developments  - Supply chain trends mapping the latest technological advancements Executive Summary  2 Preface  2.1 Abstract  2.2 Stake Holders  2.3 Research Scope  2.4 Research Methodology  2.4.1 Data Mining  2.4.2 Data Analysis  2.4.3 Data Validation  2.4.4 Research Approach  2.5 Research Sources  2.5.1 Primary Research Sources  2.5.2 Secondary Research Sources  2.5.3 Assumptions  3 Market Trend Analysis  3.1 Introduction  3.2 Drivers  3.3 Restraints  3.4 Opportunities  3.5 Threats  3.6 Emerging Markets  4 Porters Five Force Analysis  4.1 Bargaining power of suppliers  4.2 Bargaining power of buyers  4.3 Threat of substitutes  4.4 Threat of new entrants  4.5 Competitive rivalry  5 Global Feed Probiotics Market, By Animal Type  5.1 Introduction  5.2 Aquaculture  5.3 Pet Feed  5.4 Swine Feed  5.5 Ruminant  5.6 Horses  5.7 Poultry Feed  5.8 Cattle Feed  5.9 Other Animal Types  Continued.... About Us Wise Guy Reports is part of the Wise Guy Consultants Pvt. Ltd. and offers premium progressive statistical surveying, market research reports, analysis & forecast data for industries and governments around the globe. Wise Guy Reports understand how essential statistical surveying information is for your organization or association. Therefore, we have associated with the top publishers and research firms all specialized in specific domains, ensuring you will receive the most reliable and up to date research data available.


Walker W.,Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution | Baccini A.,Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution | Schwartzman S.,Environmental Defense Fund EDF | Rios S.,Instituto Del Bien Comun IBC | And 9 more authors.
Carbon Management | Year: 2014

Carbon sequestration is a widely acknowledged and increasingly valued function of tropical forest ecosystems; however, until recently, the information needed to assess the carbon storage capacity of Amazonian indigenous territories (ITs) and protected natural areas (PNAs) in a global context remained either lacking or out of reach. Here, as part of a novel north-south collaboration among Amazonian indigenous and non-governmental organization (NGO) networks, scientists and policy experts, we show that the nine-nation network of nearly 3000 ITs and PNAs stores more carbon above ground than all of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Indonesia combined, and, despite the ostensibly secure status of these cornerstones of Amazon conservation, a conservative risk assessment considering only ongoing and planned development projects puts nearly 20% of this carbon at risk, encompassing an area of tropical forest larger than that found in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru combined. International recognition of and renewed investment in these globally vital landscapes are therefore critical to ensuring their continued contribution to maintaining cultural identity, ecosystem integrity and climate stability. © 2015 Taylor & Francis.


News Article | November 21, 2016
Site: www.newsmaker.com.au

According to Stratistics MRC, the Global Cattle Feed market is accounted for $62.5 billion in 2015 and is expected to reach $78.3 billion by 2022 growing at a CAGR of 3.2% from 2015 to 2022. Rising awareness among consumers regarding nutritional safety, increasing meat & milk consumption and concern regarding the health of the cattle will promote market growth. Higher requirement of processed dairy, aqua and poultry products and dairy farming as source of income and demand of cattle feed from the emerging economics which impart growth opportunity for the global market. Increasing raw material prices and food safety regulations will challenge the industry. Access the complete report at: http://www.strategymrc.com/report/cattle-feed-market The beef segment is projected to show strong growth during the forecast period. The cattle feed additives segment is projected to be the fastest growth market. Asia Pacific is the largest market for cattle feed mainly driven by the increasing demand from China, Vietnam and India. Brazil is expected to be a growing market followed by Mexico and Canada. Some of the key players in global Cattle Feed market are Van Aarsen International, Wen's Food Group, Land O’lakes Inc, Archer Daniels Midland Company, BASF SE, Cargill, Inc, Evonik Industries AG, V. H. Group, J.R Simplot Company, Hansen Holdings A/S , Royal DSM N.V, Nutreco N.V. Charoen Pokphand Group, Country Bird Holdings, New Hope Group, Alltech Inc., Provita Eurotech Ltd, Schuler Mfg. Quip.Co.Inc., Mid Valley Manufacturing Inc and Beijing Goke Agriculture Machinary Co. Ltd. Request for a sample at: http://www.strategymrc.com/report/cattle-feed-market Animals Covered: •  Mature ruminants o Dairy o Meat • Young ruminants •  Other Animals Regions Covered: • North America o US o Canada o Mexico • Europe o Germany o France o Italy o UK  o Spain      o Rest of Europe  • Asia Pacific o Japan        o China        o India        o Australia        o New Zealand       o Rest of Asia Pacific       • Rest of the World o Middle East o Brazil o Argentina o South Africa o Egypt What our report offers: - Market share assessments for the regional and country level segments - Market share analysis of the top industry players - Strategic recommendations for the new entrants - Market forecasts for a minimum of 7 years of all the mentioned segments, sub segments and the regional markets - Market Trends (Drivers, Constraints, Opportunities, Threats, Challenges, Investment Opportunities, and recommendations) - Strategic recommendations in key business segments based on the market estimations - Competitive landscaping mapping the key common trends - Company profiling with detailed strategies, financials, and recent developments - Supply chain trends mapping the latest technological advancements


Rodriguez J.P.,Venezuelan Institute for Scientific Research | Rodriguez-Clark K. M.,Venezuelan Institute for Scientific Research | Baillie J.E.M.,Zoological Society of London | Ash N.,IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature | And 20 more authors.
Conservation Biology | Year: 2011

The potential for conservation of individual species has been greatly advanced by the International Union for Conservation of Nature's (IUCN) development of objective, repeatable, and transparent criteria for assessing extinction risk that explicitly separate risk assessment from priority setting. At the IV World Conservation Congress in 2008, the process began to develop and implement comparable global standards for ecosystems. A working group established by the IUCN has begun formulating a system of quantitative categories and criteria, analogous to those used for species, for assigning levels of threat to ecosystems at local, regional, and global levels. A final system will require definitions of ecosystems; quantification of ecosystem status; identification of the stages of degradation and loss of ecosystems; proxy measures of risk (criteria); classification thresholds for these criteria; and standardized methods for performing assessments. The system will need to reflect the degree and rate of change in an ecosystem's extent, composition, structure, and function, and have its conceptual roots in ecological theory and empirical research. On the basis of these requirements and the hypothesis that ecosystem risk is a function of the risk of its component species, we propose a set of four criteria: recent declines in distribution or ecological function, historical total loss in distribution or ecological function, small distribution combined with decline, or very small distribution. Most work has focused on terrestrial ecosystems, but comparable thresholds and criteria for freshwater and marine ecosystems are also needed. These are the first steps in an international consultation process that will lead to a unified proposal to be presented at the next World Conservation Congress in 2012. © 2010 Society for Conservation Biology.


WiseGuyReports.Com Publish a New Market Research Report On –“Patient Lift Accessories Market 2016 Global Growth,Share,Trends,Demand & Analysis of Top Key Players Research Report Forecasts to 2021”. This report studies Patient Lift Accessories in Global market, especially in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India, focuses on top manufacturers in global market, with production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering  3M Healthcare  Alimed  Bestcare LLC  Djo Global  Getinge Group  Linak Us Inc  Patterson Medical  Therafin Corp.  Medical Depot, Inc  Aacurat gmbh  Handi-Move  Provita medical  Medcare  Invacare  SMT Health Systems  Graham Field  Joerns For more information or any query mail at [email protected] Market Segment by Regions, this report splits Global into several key Regions, with production, consumption, revenue, market share and growth rate of Patient Lift Accessories in these regions, from 2011 to 2021 (forecast), like  North America  Europe  China  Japan  Southeast Asia  India  Split by product type, with production, revenue, price, market share and growth rate of each type, can be divided into  Hangers  Slings  sling straps  chain sets  bariatric chain Split by application, this report focuses on consumption, market share and growth rate of Patient Lift Accessories in each application, can be divided into  Application 1  Application 2  Application 3 Global Patient Lift Accessories Market Research Report 2016  1 Patient Lift Accessories Market Overview  1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Patient Lift Accessories  1.2 Patient Lift Accessories Segment by Type  1.2.1 Global Production Market Share of Patient Lift Accessories by Type in 2015  1.2.2 Hangers  1.2.3 Slings  1.2.4 sling straps  1.2.5 chain sets  1.2.6 bariatric chain  1.3 Patient Lift Accessories Segment by Application  1.3.1 Patient Lift Accessories Consumption Market Share by Application in 2015  1.3.2 Application 1  1.3.3 Application 2  1.3.4 Application 3  1.4 Patient Lift Accessories Market by Region  1.4.1 North America Status and Prospect (2011-2021)  1.4.2 Europe Status and Prospect (2011-2021)  1.4.3 China Status and Prospect (2011-2021)  1.4.4 Japan Status and Prospect (2011-2021)  1.4.5 Southeast Asia Status and Prospect (2011-2021)  1.4.6 India Status and Prospect (2011-2021)  1.5 Global Market Size (Value) of Patient Lift Accessories (2011-2021) 2 Global Patient Lift Accessories Market Competition by Manufacturers  2.1 Global Patient Lift Accessories Production and Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)  2.2 Global Patient Lift Accessories Revenue and Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)  2.3 Global Patient Lift Accessories Average Price by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)  2.4 Manufacturers Patient Lift Accessories Manufacturing Base Distribution, Sales Area and Product Type  2.5 Patient Lift Accessories Market Competitive Situation and Trends  2.5.1 Patient Lift Accessories Market Concentration Rate  2.5.2 Patient Lift Accessories Market Share of Top 3 and Top 5 Manufacturers  2.5.3 Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion 7 Global Patient Lift Accessories Manufacturers Profiles/Analysis  7.1 3M Healthcare  7.1.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Its Competitors  7.1.2 Patient Lift Accessories Product Type, Application and Specification  7.1.2.1 Type I  7.1.2.2 Type II  7.1.3 3M Healthcare Patient Lift Accessories Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2015 and 2016)  7.1.4 Main Business/Business Overview  7.2 Alimed  7.2.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Its Competitors  7.2.2 Patient Lift Accessories Product Type, Application and Specification  7.2.2.1 Type I  7.2.2.2 Type II  7.2.3 Alimed Patient Lift Accessories Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2015 and 2016)  7.2.4 Main Business/Business Overview  7.3 Bestcare LLC  7.3.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Its Competitors  7.3.2 Patient Lift Accessories Product Type, Application and Specification  7.3.2.1 Type I  7.3.2.2 Type II  7.3.3 Bestcare LLC Patient Lift Accessories Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2015 and 2016)  7.3.4 Main Business/Business Overview  7.4 Djo Global  7.4.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Its Competitors  7.4.2 Patient Lift Accessories Product Type, Application and Specification  7.4.2.1 Type I  7.4.2.2 Type II  7.4.3 Djo Global Patient Lift Accessories Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2015 and 2016)  7.4.4 Main Business/Business Overview  7.5 Getinge Group  7.5.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Its Competitors  7.5.2 Patient Lift Accessories Product Type, Application and Specification  7.5.2.1 Type I  7.5.2.2 Type II  7.5.3 Getinge Group Patient Lift Accessories Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2015 and 2016)  7.5.4 Main Business/Business Overview  7.6 Linak Us Inc  7.6.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Its Competitors  7.6.2 Patient Lift Accessories Product Type, Application and Specification  7.6.2.1 Type I  7.6.2.2 Type II  7.6.3 Linak Us Inc Patient Lift Accessories Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2015 and 2016)  7.6.4 Main Business/Business Overview  7.7 Patterson Medical  7.7.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Its Competitors  7.7.2 Patient Lift Accessories Product Type, Application and Specification  7.7.2.1 Type I  7.7.2.2 Type II  7.7.3 Patterson Medical Patient Lift Accessories Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2015 and 2016)  7.7.4 Main Business/Business Overview  7.8 Therafin Corp.  7.8.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Its Competitors  7.8.2 Patient Lift Accessories Product Type, Application and Specification  7.8.2.1 Type I  7.8.2.2 Type II  7.8.3 Therafin Corp. Patient Lift Accessories Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2015 and 2016)  7.8.4 Main Business/Business Overview  7.9 Medical Depot, Inc  7.9.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Its Competitors  7.9.2 Patient Lift Accessories Product Type, Application and Specification  7.9.2.1 Type I  7.9.2.2 Type II  7.9.3 Medical Depot, Inc Patient Lift Accessories Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2015 and 2016) 7.9.4 Main Business/Business Overview  7.10 Aacurat gmbh  7.10.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Its Competitors  7.10.2 Patient Lift Accessories Product Type, Application and Specification  7.10.2.1 Type I  7.10.2.2 Type II  7.10.3 Aacurat gmbh Patient Lift Accessories Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2015 and 2016)  7.10.4 Main Business/Business Overview  7.11 Handi-Move  7.12 Provita medical  7.13 Medcare  7.14 Invacare  7.15 SMT Health Systems  7.16 Graham Field  7.17 Joerns For more information or any query mail at [email protected] Wise Guy Reports is part of the Wise Guy Consultants Pvt. Ltd. and offers premium progressive statistical surveying, market research reports, analysis & forecast data for industries and governments around the globe. Wise Guy Reports features an exhaustive list of market research reports from hundreds of publishers worldwide. We boast a database spanning virtually every market category and an even more comprehensive collection of market research reports under these categories and sub-categories.


Rodriguez J.P.,Instituto Venezolano Of Investigaciones Cientificas | Keith D.A.,University of New South Wales | Rodriguez-Clark K.M.,Venezuelan Institute for Scientific Research | Murray N.J.,University of New South Wales | And 10 more authors.
Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences | Year: 2015

The newly developed IUCN Red List of Ecosystems is part of a growing toolbox for assessing risks to biodiversity, which addresses ecosystems and their functioning. The Red List of Ecosystems standard allows systematic assessment of all freshwater, marine, terrestrial and subterranean ecosystem types in terms of their global risk of collapse. In addition, the Red List of Ecosystems categories and criteria provide a technical base for assessments of ecosystem status at the regional, national, or subnational level. While the Red List of Ecosystems criteria were designed to be widely applicable by scientists and practitioners, guidelines are needed to ensure they are implemented in a standardized manner to reduce epistemic uncertainties and allow robust comparisons among ecosystems and over time. We review the intended application of the Red List of Ecosystems assessment process, summarize 'best-practice' methods for ecosystem assessments and outline approaches to ensure operational rigour of assessments. The Red List of Ecosystems will inform priority setting for ecosystem types worldwide, and strengthen capacity to report on progress towards the Aichi Targets of the Convention on Biological Diversity. When integrated with other IUCN knowledge products, such as the World Database of Protected Areas/Protected Planet, Key Biodiversity Areas and the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, the Red List of Ecosystems will contribute to providing the most complete global measure of the status of biodiversity yet achieved. © 2015 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.


Rodriguez J.P.,Venezuelan Institute for Scientific Research | Rodriguez J.P.,IUCN Commission on Ecosystem Management | Rodriguez J.P.,IUCN Species Survival Commission | Keith D.A.,IUCN Commission on Ecosystem Management | And 15 more authors.
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences | Year: 2015

The newly developed IUCNRed List of Ecosystems is part of a growing toolbox for assessing risks to biodiversity, which addresses ecosystems and their functioning. The Red List of Ecosystems standard allows systematic assessment of all freshwater, marine, terrestrial and subterranean ecosystem types in terms of their global risk of collapse. In addition, the Red List of Ecosystems categories and criteria provide a technical base for assessments of ecosystem status at the regional, national, or subnational level.While theRed List of Ecosystemscriteria were designed to bewidelyapplicable byscientists and practitioners, guidelines are needed to ensure they are implemented in a standardized manner to reduce epistemic uncertainties and allow robust comparisons among ecosystems and over time. We review the intended application of the Red List of Ecosystems assessment process, summarize ‘best-practice’ methods for ecosystem assessments and outline approaches to ensure operational rigour of assessments. The Red List of Ecosystems will inform priority setting for ecosystem types worldwide, and strengthen capacity to report on progress towards the Aichi Targets of the Convention on Biological Diversity. When integrated with other IUCN knowledge products, such as the World Database of Protected Areas/Protected Planet, Key Biodiversity Areas and the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, the Red List of Ecosystems will contribute to providing the most complete global measure of the status of biodiversity yet achieved. © 2015 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.


Fajardo L.,Venezuelan Institute for Scientific Research | Rodriguez J.P.,Venezuelan Institute for Scientific Research | Gonzalez V.,Central University of Venezuela | Briceno-Linares J.M.,PROVITA
Journal of Arid Environments | Year: 2013

Tropical forests appear to take longer to recover in dry than in humid areas, thus water has been recognized as a key structuring factor in tropical dry forests (TDF). We examine this hypothesis in arid ecosystems of the Macanao Peninsula, Venezuela. Opencast sand mining is one of the primary economic activities in the region, modifying the soil, degrading biodiversity and ecosystem services, and affecting key plant and animal species. We quantified growth and survival of five native trees (Tecoma stans, Bulnesia arborea, Piscidia carthagenensis, Prosopis juliflora and Cercidium praecox) under eight treatments, combining hydrogel, fertilizer and water. After six months in a nursery, 640 seedlings were planted in 16 field plots of 100 m2 each, two for each treatment. Eight months later, the treatment with the greatest impact on plant growth was hydrogel only; also the most cost-effective option. Our results support the water-limitation hypothesis, and show that improving water supply to seedlings greatly increases their growth and survival. Our experimental design is applicable to the restoration of any TDF where human disturbance has caused a large-scale modification to the ecosystem, preventing the progression of natural succession. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.


Briceno-Linares J.M.,Provita | Rodriguez J.P.,Provita | Rodriguez J.P.,Venezuelan Institute for Scientific Research | Rodriguez-Clark K.M.,Venezuelan Institute for Scientific Research | And 4 more authors.
Biological Conservation | Year: 2011

The yellow-shouldered parrot (Amazona barbadensis) is listed in Venezuela as Endangered and internationally as Vulnerable, primarily due to poaching for the illegal pet trade. Various interventions have been implemented to reduce poaching (increasing the population from 700 in 1989 to 1600 in 2009), but poaching pressure is still high, and is ever-changing, requiring an evolving response. Between 2000 and 2003, our only intervention was environmental education in schools: in the short term, unsurprisingly, it had no impact on poaching, which reached 100% of nestlings in monitored nests. From 2004 onwards, we implemented a set of new field interventions. In 2004, 24. h field surveillance decreased poaching to 56%. In 2005, the addition of foster nests and a pilot test of " assisted breeding" brought the figure down to 18%. In 2006, assisted breeding was expanded, achieving 0% poaching. In 2007, poachers raided our " secure" site, and took 34 nestlings, bringing poaching up to 60%. A pilot study of artificial nests offered promising results. In 2008 and 2009, the addition of patrolling by local police reduced poaching to 16% and 1%, respectively. During 2004-2009, nestling poaching averaged 25%. Ensuring parrot recruitment in the future will require a combination of the strategies employed to date; in the short term, expanding the use of artificial nests to increase availability of nesting sites in easily-patrolled areas has the most potential to build on past successes. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

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