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Magny M.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Joannin S.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Galop D.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Vanniere B.,French National Center for Scientific Research | And 5 more authors.
Quaternary Research | Year: 2012

A lake-level record of Lake Ledro (northern Italy) spans the entire Holocene with a chronology derived from 51 radiocarbon dates. It is based on a specific sedimentological approach that combines data from five sediment profiles sampled in distinct locations in the littoral zone. On a millennial scale, the lake-level record shows two successive periods from 11,700 to 4500calyr BP and from 4500calyr BP to the present, characterized by lower and higher average lake levels, respectively. In addition to key seasonal and inter-hemispherical changes in insolation, the major hydrological change around 4500calyr BP may be related to a non-linear response of the climate system to orbitally-driven gradual decrease in insolation. The Ledro record questions the notion of an accentuated summer rain regime in the northern Mediterranean borderlands during the boreal insolation maximum. Moreover, the Ledro record highlights that the Holocene was punctuated by successive centennial-scale highstands. Correlations with the Preboreal oscillation and the 8.2ka event, and comparison with the atmospheric 14C residual record, suggest that short-lived lake-level fluctuations developed at Ledro in response to (1) final steps of the deglaciation in the North Atlantic area and (2) variations in solar activity. © 2012 University of Washington.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: CIRC-05-2016 | Award Amount: 3.38M | Year: 2017

RES URBIS aims at making it possible to convert several types of urban bio-waste into valuable bio-based products, in an integrated single biowaste biorefinery and by using one main technology chain. This goal will be pursued through: - collection and analysis of data on urban bio-waste production and present management systems in four territorial clusters that have been selected in different countries and have different characteristics. - well-targeted experimental activity to solve a number of open technical issues (both process- and product-related), by using the appropriate combination of innovative and catalogue-proven technologies. - market analysis whitin several economic scenarios and business models for full exploitation of bio-based products (including a path forward to fill regulatory gaps). Urban bio-waste include the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (from households, restaurants, caterers and retail premises), excess sludge from urban wastewater treatment, garden and parks waste, selected waste from food-processing (if better recycling options in the food chain are not available), other selected waste streams, i.e. baby nappies. Bio-based products include polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) and related PHA-based bioplastics as well as ancillary productions: biosolvents (to be used in PHA extraction) and fibers (to be used for PHA biocomposites). Territorial and economic analyses will be done either considering the ex-novo implementation of the biowaste biorefinery or its integration into existing wastewater treatment or anaerobic digestion plants, with reference to clusters and for different production size. The economic analysis will be based on a portfolio of PHA-based bioplastics, which will be produced at pilot scale and tested for applications: - Biodegradable commodity film - Packaging interlayer film - Speciality durables (such as electronics) - Premium slow C-release material for ground water remediation


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: SGA-CSA | Phase: WIDESPREAD-1-2014 | Award Amount: 498.50K | Year: 2015

Unlike most European countries, Romania does not have yet a general cadastre. Such a deficiency represents a critical element for the economy of the country, since it makes legal contracts, such as land purchasing, very difficult to be implemented. Starting from such a complex scenario, CENTRIC aims in the long term- at the creation in Romania of the new Centre of Excellence on territorial management and cadastre. The future Centre will focus on related domains of great relevance, such as: 3D/4D geospatial data, linked geospatial data, land classification, remotely sensed data, etc. In particular, the goal of phase 1 of the project (the 12 months CSA) is to prepare a very detailed business plan leading, during phase 2, to the establishment of the Centre including: a long-term vision and the mission of the Centre, a detailed SWOT analysis of the domain of territorial management and cadastre in Romania, a long-term scientific and innovation strategy, a market analysis, the Business Concept of the Centre, the analysis of possible cooperation, strategic alliances and long-term partnerships, the operational and financial plan of the Centre, to define a strategic growth roadmap. Furthermore the project will also aim at the creation of a suitable ecosystem at the national Romanian and EU level, through a number of capacity building and dissemination activities. The whole project has been based on the creation of long-lasting (beyond the 5-years duration of the overall Teaming project) joint venture between partners from both advanced and low performing countries, including institutional cooperation among the Romanian Cadastre agency and the counterpart in Trentino Italy considered as a best practice at the EU level. The project is aligned with the Romanian Smart Specialisation Strategy and it has received a clear commitment from the Romanian Government to provide financial resources for infrastructural and equipment costs for phase 2.


De Barba M.,University of Idaho | De Barba M.,Institute for Environmental Protection and Research | Waits L.P.,University of Idaho | Garton E.O.,University of Idaho | And 4 more authors.
Molecular Ecology | Year: 2010

Genetic monitoring has rarely been used for wildlife translocations despite the potential benefits this approach offers, compared to traditional field-based methods. We applied genetic monitoring to the reintroduced brown bear population in northern Italy. From 2002 to 2008, 2781 hair and faecal samples collected noninvasively plus 12 samples obtained from captured or dead bears were used to follow the demographic and geographical expansion and changes in genetic composition. Individual genotypes were used to reconstruct the wild pedigree and revealed that the population increased rapidly, from nine founders to >27 individuals in 2008 (L = 1.17-1.19). Spatial mapping of bear samples indicated that most bears were distributed in the region surrounding the translocation site; however, individual bears were found up to 163 km away. Genetic diversity in the population was high, with expected heterozygosity of 0.74-0.79 and allelic richness of 4.55-5.41. However, multi-year genetic monitoring data showed that mortality rates were elevated, immigration did not occur, one dominant male sired all cubs born from 2002 to 2005, genetic diversity declined, relatedness increased, inbreeding occurred, and the effective population size was extremely small (Ne = 3.03, ecological method). The comprehensive information collected through genetic monitoring is critical for implementing future conservation plans for the brown bear population in the Italian Alps. This study provides a model for other reintroduction programmes by demonstrating how genetic monitoring can be implemented to uncover aspects of the demography, ecology and genetics of small and reintroduced populations that will advance our understanding of the processes influencing their viability, evolution, and successful restoration. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


Tonolli S.,Provincia Autonoma di Trento (Italy) | Dalponte M.,Research and Innovation Center | Neteler M.,Research and Innovation Center | Rodeghiero M.,Research and Innovation Center | And 2 more authors.
Remote Sensing of Environment | Year: 2011

Remote sensing can be considered a key instrument for studies related to forests and their dynamics. At present, the increasing availability of multisensor acquisitions over the same areas, offers the possibility to combine data from different sensors (e.g., optical, RADAR, LiDAR). This paper presents an analysis on the fusion of airborne LiDAR and satellite multispectral data (IRS 1C LISS III), for the prediction of forest stem volume at plot level in a complex mountain area (Province of Trento, Southern Italian Alps), characterized by different tree species, complex morphology (i.e. altitude ranges from 65m to 3700m above sea level), and a range of different climates (from the sub-Mediterranean to Alpine type). 799 sample plots were randomly distributed over the 3000km2 of the forested areas of the Trento Province. From each plot, a set of variables were extracted from both LiDAR and multispectral data. A regression analysis was carried out considering two data sources (LiDAR and multispectral) and their combination, and dividing the plot areas into groups according to their species composition, altitude and slope. Experimental results show that the combination of LiDAR and IRS 1C LISS III data, for the estimation of stem volume, is effective in all the experiments considered. The best developed models comprise variables extracted from both of these data sources. The RMSE% on an independent validation set for the stem volume estimation models ranges between 17.2% and 26.5%, considering macro sets of tree species (deciduous, evergreen and mixed), between 17.5% and 29.0%, considering dominant species plots, and between 15.5% and 21.3% considering altitude and slope sets. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.


Foladori P.,University of Trento | Bruni L.,Provincia Autonoma di Trento (Italy) | Tamburini S.,University of Trento | Ziglio G.,University of Trento
Water Research | Year: 2010

A rapid multi-step procedure, potentially amenable to automation, was proposed for quantifying viable and active bacterial cells, estimating their biovolume using flow cytometry (FCM) and to calculate their biomass within the main stages of a wastewater treatment plant: raw wastewater, settled wastewater, activated sludge and effluent. Fluorescent staining of bacteria using SYBR-Green I + Propidium Iodide (to discriminate cell integrity or permeabilisation) and BCECF-AM (to identify enzymatic activity) was applied to count bacterial cells by FCM. A recently developed specific procedure was applied to convert Forward Angle Light Scatter measured by FCM into the corresponding bacterial biovolume. This conversion permits the calculation of the viable and active bacterial biomass in wastewater, activated sludge and effluent, expressed as Volatile Suspended Solids (VSS) or particulate Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD). Viable bacterial biomass represented only a small part of particulate COD in raw wastewater (4.8 ± 2.4%), settled wastewater (10.7 ± 3.1%), activated sludge (11.1 ± 2.1%) and effluent (3.2 ± 2.2%). Active bacterial biomass counted for a percentage of 30-47% of the viable bacterial biomass within the stages of the wastewater treatment plant. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: COFUND-PCP | Phase: ICT-36-2015 | Award Amount: 5.71M | Year: 2016

Infections caused by resistant microorganisms often fail to respond to the standard treatment, resulting in prolonged hospital stays, higher health care expenditures, and a greater risk of death.1 Antimicrobials Resistant Organism (AMRO) or Superbugs are invisible, and can survive on surfaces for up to three days. That means that they can be transferred when one infected person simply touches another, or when the patient touches something on which the pathogen resides like a stethoscope or a TV remote control.2 Antibiotic resistance varies according to geographic locations and is directly proportional to the use and misuse of antibiotics. Active surveillance systems are in place across all European member states and Norway and are to be considered one of the main contributing factors to the reduction AMRO infections over the years. On the other hand the effort done up to now is not enough to eradicate AMRO/superbugs infections and ANTI-SUPERBUGS PCP will challenge the industry to develop solutions that in contact with resistant microorganisms can detect their presence and give real-time feedback to the user and at the same time share the information with the healthcare provider electronic record systems linking the infection with the place of the detection. The project will be developped with the support of Sara Bedin, who will provide her know-how in Procurement in Innovation.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CPCSA | Phase: ICT-2013.5.1 | Award Amount: 2.59M | Year: 2014

NyMPHA project will define the framework of pre-commercial procurement for the provisioning of next generation services advocated for mental health treatment with a special focus on bipolar disorder based on the use of new technologies, open standards and open platforms. In particular, NyMPHA will focus on a first instance in identifying the different requirements involved in the structuring of mental health services with a focus on bipolar disorder treatment including medical, technological, patients, legal, ethical, policy, risk management and business-orientation needs in order to construct a reference model of service provisioning useful in different European contexts. This model will be utilized to produce a Call for Tender for the PCP aiming to provide a set of pilot experimentations implementing mobile ehealth services for bipolar disorder treatment in a real-world context.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.4.3 | Award Amount: 1.86M | Year: 2014

To make publishing and processing of linked data easy, the proposed project develops a set of integrated software components based on open-source Linked Data Platform best practices. The tightly integrated components support the multilingual data value chain from data exploration (e.g. identifying structured and unstructured data sources), extraction (e.g. using named entity recognition, RDF conversion), enrichment (e.g. interlinking, crowdsourcing), and delivery (e.g. analytics, apps for desktop and mobile devices). These components run on an open-source data platform with various enterprise-grade storage solutions.The vision is to make publishing and reuse of linked data as easy as possible for the end user thanks to a thriving market economy with data publishers, developers, and consumers along the value chain. Making data reusable and interoperable within and outside the organization requires a fundamentally different ap-proach to storing knowledge. The best name is probably a Logical Data Warehouse...because it focuses on the logic of information ...[for] giving integrated access to all forms of information assets. Only with integrated access to the data is it possible to have apps on top of that data that scale across single use cases and provide real added value.Fusepool LDAP (Linked Data Analytics Processing) derives its name from the idea of fusing and pooling linked data with analytical processing on top of it. Because linked data is multidimensional data, it lends itself to analytical processing such as consolidation (e.g. aggregation within a dimension), drill-down (e.g. navigating through the details), and slicing and dicing (e.g. viewing an aspect from different dimensions). However, an integrated publishing and processing workflow with integrated user interfaces is still missing. The lack of an integrated publishing and processing environment makes it difficult and time-consuming for data publishers and consumers to engage with linked data.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-COFUND | Phase: PEOPLE-2007-2-3.COFUND | Award Amount: 6.65M | Year: 2009

Trentino is the right bay for research and development. It hosts a large number of research labs from environmental studies to high-tech technologies. The Province of Trento allocates several resources such as infrastructure, real estate and funds to encourage research and innovation. Many institutes, both public and private, local, national and international have established their research units in Trento and Rovereto in order to transfer the knowledge from the research arena to industries. In order to facilitate the development of the research environment the PAT decided to start its Research Mobility programme. The Trentino programme started in 2003 with the first call for proposals for incoming research post-docs and implemented in 2006 with the call for proposals for Research Teams. The general objective of this proposal is to increase the number of trans-national fellowships awarded, to introduce a new outgoing and reintegration scheme and to improve the fellows condition. Thanks to the COFUND action the number of researchers coming from outside Italy could be increased and the local/Italian researchers be reintegrated. Besides, some researchers could profit of international experiences and then come back to Trentino. Furthermore the conditions of the fellows will be improved by promoting the implementation of the conditions described in The European Charter for Researchers and The Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers, in particular by offering employment contracts instead of stipends to the fellows, by establishing a career development plan at the beginning of the project and by introducing an assessment questionnaire at the end of the project. Another objective is to improve the Internet website and its English version.

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