Lehur P.-A.,University of Nantes |
McNevin S.,Providence Sacred Heart Medical Center |
Buntzen S.,Aarhus University Hospital |
Mellgren A.F.,Colon and Rectal Surgery Associates |
And 2 more authors.
Diseases of the Colon and Rectum | Year: 2010
BACKGROUND: Magnetic sphincter augmentation, a successful treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease, has been applied to treat fecal incontinence. The purpose of this feasibility study was to understand the safety profile as well as the potential benefit of this new device when it is implanted in patients with fecal incontinence. METHODS: A magnetic anal sphincter device was surgically implanted in candidates with documented fecal incontinence of more than 2 episodes per week at 3 investigational centers in Europe and the United States following ethics/institutional review board approval. The magnetic anal sphincter device was placed around the anal canal via a single anterior incision. All data were collected prospectively. The primary outcome measure was the reduction of incontinent episodes based on a daily continence diary. RESULTS: To date 14 patients have been implanted with the device (all female; mean age, 62.8 y; range, 41-74 y) with a median follow-up of 6 months. There have been no intraoperative complications. Mean hospital stay was 3 days; range, 1 to 7 days. Adverse events were observed in 7 patients. Three patients are no longer implanted with a device; 2 devices were removed and one passed spontaneously following a separation at the suture connection. Five patients with 6-month follow-up demonstrated a mean reduction in the number of average weekly incontinence episodes from 7.2 to 0.7 (90.9%) and a mean reduction in Wexner Continence Score from 17.2 to 7.8 (54.7%). Compared with baseline, quality of life improved in all 4 domains of the fecal incontinence quality of life (FIQoL) scoring system. No patients have reported that their condition has worsened. Two patients at 1-year follow-up both reported perfect continence. CONCLUSION: This preliminary study describes the use of a new device to treat fecal incontinence. Compared with existing devices, implantation is simple and it requires no adjustments from the physician or patient once the device is implanted. Initial assessment with a small number of patients shows promising outcomes with a limited incidence of complications and good restoration of continence. © The ASCRS 2010.
Wiley C.L.,Providence Sacred Heart Medical Center |
Switzer S.P.,CentaCare Health System |
Berg R.L.,Biomedical Informatics Research Center |
Glurich I.,Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation |
Dart R.A.,Marshfield Clinic
Clinical Medicine and Research | Year: 2010
Background: The causes of elevated B-Type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels are multifactorial. Renal dysfunction has been shown to affect BNP levels in some studies and the diagnostic value of BNP levels in the presence of chronic kidney disease has been questioned. Prior studies have involved small patient populations with variable outcomes noted. This study evaluated the association of BNP levels with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and presence or absence of congestive heart failure (CHF). Methods: A retrospective, cross-sectional study in which medical records were electronically screened, identified patients with a BNP level and serum creatinine measurement on the same day between December 2002 and March 2006. Results: Of 1739 eligible patients, 537 were positive for CHF and 1202 were negative for CHF by our criteria. There was a clear trend for BNP to be higher with the advancement of CHF, as determined by New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification (P<0.001). Median BNP levels increased from 65 pg/mL in patients without CHF to 496 pg/mL in patients with NYHA class IV CHF (P <0.001), and there was a strong inverse association with eGFR (P <0.001). Conclusion: BNP levels show a strong inverse association with eGFR in both CHF and non-CHF patients. Currently best practice at most institutions involves use of BNP cutoff diagnostic levels not adjusted for eGFR. The data presented underlines that eGFR is a significant confounder of BNP measurement especially when renal status is compromised and interpretation of clinical significance in the presence of elevated BNP measures should take renal status into consideration. © 2010 Marshfield Clinic.
Cochrane J.,Providence Sacred Heart Medical Center |
Schlepp G.,Spokane Digestive Disease Center
Case Reports in Gastroenterology | Year: 2015
Metastatic breast cancer is typically identified in the bones, lymph nodes, lungs and liver. Rarely does metastatic breast cancer involve the common bile duct (CBD) without direct extension from liver metastasis into the CBD. We present a woman diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer in the CBD after presenting with obstructive jaundice. Patients with a history of primary breast cancer who present with obstructive jaundice secondary to CBD mass need identification of the mass in order to provide appropriate treatment. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Mani D.,Providence Sacred Heart Medical Center |
Haigentz Jr. M.,Yeshiva University |
Aboulafia D.M.,Virginia Mason Medical Center |
Aboulafia D.M.,University of Washington
Clinical Lung Cancer | Year: 2012
Lung cancer is the most prevalent nonAIDS-defining malignancy in the highly active antiretroviral therapy era. Smoking plays a significant role in the development of HIV-associated lung cancer, but the cancer risk is two to four times greater in HIV-infected persons than in the general population, even after adjusting for smoking intensity and duration. Lung cancer is typically diagnosed a decade or more earlier among HIV-infected persons (mean age, 46 years) compared to those without HIV infection. Adenocarcinoma is the most common histological subtype, and the majority of patients are diagnosed with locally advanced or metastatic carcinoma. Because pulmonary infections are common among HIV-infected individuals, clinicians may not suspect lung cancer in this younger patient population. Surgery with curative intent remains the treatment of choice for early-stage disease. Although there is increasing experience in using radiation and chemotherapy for HIV-infected patients who do not have surgical options, there is a need for prospective studies because this population is frequently excluded from participating in cancer trials. Evidence-based treatments for smoking-cessation with demonstrated efficacy in the general population must be routinely incorporated into the care of HIV-positive smokers. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Saha S.A.,Providence Sacred Heart Medical Center |
Saha S.A.,University of Washington |
Arora R.R.,Administration Medical Center
Current Opinion in Lipidology | Year: 2011
Purpose of Review: Fibrates continue to be a viable treatment option for mixed atherogenic dyslipidemia, and recent reports from clinical studies have shed new light on the therapeutic utility of fibrates for the prevention of microvascular and macrovascular disease, especially in combination with statins. Recent Findings: Data from randomized placebo-controlled trials have shown that fibrates reduce nonfatal coronary events but do not confer any benefit on mortality or other adverse cardiovascular outcomes. The ACCORD Lipid trial studied the additive effect of fenofibrate therapy along with low-dose simvastatin therapy in 5518 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, and found that fenofibrate did not affect any of the adverse cardiovascular outcomes, either individually or as part of a composite outcome, after 4.7 years of follow-up. An a priori subgroup analysis showed a significant benefit from fenofibrate-simvastatin combination therapy over simvastatin alone in participants with moderate hypertriglyceridemia and low HDL-cholesterol on major cardiovascular events, consistent with post-hoc analyses of previous fibrate trials. The ACCORD-Eye study adds to the sparse clinical data on the effect of fenofibrate on diabetic retinopathy, and showed that fenofibrate may be used to reduce the risk of progression of diabetic retinopathy even in patients with established disease. The combination of statin and fibrate was well tolerated. Summary: Fibrate therapy does not reduce mortality but may reduce nonfatal coronary events in patients at risk for cardiovascular disease, including those with type 2 diabetes. The ACCORD Lipid study shows that the combination of low-dose simvastatin and fenofibrate is well tolerated, and is potentially cardioprotective in patients with atherogenic 'mixed' dyslipidemia. © 2011 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.