Nevelos J.,Stryker Orthopaedics |
Johnson A.,Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics |
Heffernan C.,Stryker Orthopaedics |
Macintyre J.,Stryker Orthopaedics |
And 2 more authors.
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research | Year: 2013
Background: Dislocation remains common after total hip arthroplasty. Efforts have been made to identify and minimize risk factors. One such factor, jump distance, or the distance the femoral head must travel before dislocating, has been poorly characterized with respect to three-dimensional kinematics. Questions/purposes: We therefore determined: (1) the three-dimensional stability of four different component designs; (2) whether the degree of abduction and anteversion affects the stability; (3) whether pelvic inclination angles affected stability; and (4) which combination of these three factors had the greatest stability. Methods: We created a positionable three-dimensional model of a THA. Acetabular components were modeled in various abduction and anteversion angles and in two different pelvic inclinations which simulate standing and chair-rising activities. Results: The posterior horizontal dislocation distance increased as inclination angle and femoral head size increased. The 48-mm resurfacing typically had lower jump distances and was at risk of posterior edge loading at 30 inclination. The highest jump distance for all positions and activities occurred with the dual-mobility bearing. Conclusion: These findings suggest that monoblock cups require extremely accurate positioning for low dislocation risk and that pelvic orientation may increase dislocation risks. Clinical Relevance: As a result of the dual-mobility designs having the greatest resistance to dislocation, these cups may be appropriate for patients who are at risk for dislocation in difficult primary situations and in revision hip arthroplasty procedures in which proper component orientation may be less likely to be achieved. © 2012 The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons®.
Tagbo B.N.,University of Nigeria |
Ughasoro M.D.,University of Nigeria |
Esangbedo D.O.,Providence Hospital
Vaccine | Year: 2014
Background: The introduction of inactivated polio vaccines (IPV) is imminent. In view of the Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013-2018, parental acceptance of IPV will be important for achieving universal coverage. In view of the imminent introduction of IPV, it is only reasonable to assess the awareness and acceptance of IPV, so that necessary socio-anthropological measures would be put in place. This study is aimed at determining the level of awareness and acceptance of IPV by parents. Methods: A cross-sectional study involving 408 parents that brought their children for immunization. Structured-questionnaire was to collect data on the parent's demographic characteristics, awareness and acceptance of IPV. The independent factors that may affect parental acceptability of IPV were evaluated using linear regression analysis. Results: About 53% of the parents had no knowledge of vaccine content and 84.1% had not heard of IPV, and 40.2% were willing to accept IPV. However, with post-intervention (IPV) health education, the level of acceptance of IPV increased to 95.6% and the difference was statistically significant (p=0.0001). 35.3% expressed fear for IPV, and 61.8% cited fear for pain (61.8%). In the rating scale of 1 to 5, doctors (4.7), Nurses (4.0) and staff of the Ministry of Health (4.0) were rated high as reliable media to inform them about a new vaccine. The logistic regression revealed only educational level of mothers (p-value=0.048) was the only significant factor associated with acceptability of IPV. Conclusion: The parents' knowledge on vaccine was poor, as well as IPV acceptability (pre health education). But the acceptability was improved with provision of extra information. Although most still preferred OPV, and with improvement in pain management, acceptability of IPV can be improved further. Clear policies and strategies should be immediately developed and implementation of pre-introduction awareness/sensitization on IPV should be commenced. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Sorser S.A.,Providence Hospital |
Barawi M.,St John Hospital And Medical Center |
Hagglund K.,St John Hospital And Medical Center |
Almojaned M.,St John Hospital And Medical Center |
Lyons H.,St John Hospital And Medical Center
Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2013
Background: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is defined by infiltration of eosinophils in the esophageal mucosa (>20 eosinophils/hpf). The epidemiology and seasonal variation have not been well studied in children and adolescents. Methods: Review of all esophageal biopsies performed from January 2001 to December 2006 on patients younger than 21 year of age, focusing on demographics, onset and duration of presenting symptoms, history of allergies and endoscopic findings. Results: A total of 753 upper endoscopies were performed, 44 of which showed histologic evidence of EoE (5.8 %). Fifty percent of all EoE endoscopies were grossly normal. Onset of symptoms was 23 % in the spring, 29 % in the summer, 23 % in the fall and 25 % in the winter. More cases (36 %) were diagnosed in the fall. Time between onset of symptoms and diagnosis was 115 ± 145 days (mean ± SD). The most common presenting symptoms were vomiting (61 %), dysphagia (39 %), abdominal pain (34 %), feeding disorders (14 %), heartburn (14 %), food impaction (7 %), vague chest pain (5 %) and diarrhea (5 %). Children presenting with vomiting and feeding disorders were younger (p < 0.02), whereas children presenting with heartburn and dysphagia were older (p < 0.02). Conclusions: The incidence of EoE did not increase between 2001 and 2006. Onset of symptoms did not vary by season, indicating that allergens triggering EoE are present all year around. Vomiting and feeding disorders are seen in young children, while dysphagia and heartburn are seen in older children. As endoscopic findings were normal in 50 % of cases, an esophageal biopsy should be performed in all patients with suspected EoE. © 2012 Springer.
Master R.N.,Quest Diagnostics Nichols Institute |
Clark R.B.,Quest Diagnostics Nichols Institute |
Karlowsky J.A.,University of Manitoba |
Ramirez J.,University of Louisville |
Bordon J.M.,Providence Hospital
International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents | Year: 2011
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a nosocomial and community-acquired pathogen associated with considerable patient morbidity and mortality. Multidrug resistance in P. aeruginosa is a concern owing to the limited therapeutic options available to treat infections due to this organism. In this study, rates of antimicrobial resistance of P. aeruginosa isolates collected by The Surveillance Network Database-USA (Eurofins Medinet, Chantilly, VA) from 1997 to 2009 were examined. The patient population and specimens were stratified according to patient setting and age as well as specimen source. Multidrug resistance was defined as resistance to three or more of the following antimicrobial agents: aztreonam; cefepime; ciprofloxacin; imipenem; gentamicin; and piperacillin/tazobactam (TZP). A total of 924 740 P. aeruginosa isolates were examined in this study. Changes in resistance rates to individual antimicrobial agents were <5% for all agents except ciprofloxacin. There was a statistically significant decreasing rate of multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa to four, five and six antimicrobial agents. For isolates resistant to imipenem, aztreonam and gentamicin, ciprofloxacin had the highest cross-resistance rates. The greatest coverage against P. aeruginosa was by the combination of TZP plus amikacin (94%) followed by aztreonam plus amikacin (90%). Pseudomonas aeruginosa resistance rates remained steady or minimally declined to all antimicrobials from 1997 to 2009. Amongst the β-lactams, TZP has the greatest activity against P. aeruginosa. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. and the International Society of Chemotherapy.
Yang J.,Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute |
Terebelo H.R.,Providence Hospital |
Zonder J.A.,Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
Advances in Hematology | Year: 2012
The treatment of myeloma has undergone extraordinary improvements in the past half century. These advances have been accompanied by a concern for secondary primary malignancies (SPMs). It has been known for decades that extended therapy with alkylating chemotherapy agents, such as melphalan, carries an increased risk of therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome and/or acute myeloid leukemia (t-MDS/AML), with a cumulative risk as high as 10-15%. High-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell support became widely accepted for myeloma in the 1990s. Despite the use of high doses of melphalan, the risk of t-MDS/AML with this procedure is estimated to be less than 5%, with much of this risk attributable to pretransplant therapy. Recently, lenalidomide has come under scrutiny for its possible association with SPMs. It is too soon to declare a causal relationship at this time, but there appears to be an increased number of SPMs in reports from several studies using lenalidomide maintenance. Current studies should be amended and future studies planned to better define the risk of SPMs and the risk factors and mechanisms for its development. Patients should be educated regarding this potential concern but the current use of lenalidomide should not generally be altered until further data are available. © Copyright 2012 Jay Yang et al.