Providence Providence Park Hospital

Southfield, Jamaica

Providence Providence Park Hospital

Southfield, Jamaica

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PubMed | Lehigh Valley Hospital and Providence Providence Park Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Heart failure reviews | Year: 2016

Cardiac sarcoidosis is one of the uncommon causes of heart failure. Generally, it presents in the form of varying clinical manifestations ranging from asymptomatic to fatal arrhythmias such as ventricular tachycardia and complete heart block. It is difficult to make a diagnosis strictly based on clinical grounds. However, in the setting of extracardiac sarcoidosis and patients presenting with advanced heart block or ventricular arrhythmia, direct cardiac involvement should be suspected. The definitive diagnosis of cardiac sarcoidosis can be made from endomyocardial biopsy, but it is falling out of favor due to patchy myocardial involvement, considerable procedure-related risks, and advancement in additional imaging modalities. Once cardiac sarcoidosis has been diagnosed, management of the disease remains challenging. Steroids are considered the mainstay of therapy, and implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy can be considered in a selected group of patients at greater risk for malignant ventricular arrhythmias.


PubMed | Providence Providence Park Hospital
Type: | Journal: The Journal of arthroplasty | Year: 2017

As the annual demand and number of total joint arthroplasty cases increase, so do concerns of outcomes of patient with specific comorbidities relative to outcomes and costs of care.The study cohort included 2009 primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients and 905 total hip arthroplasty patients. Discharge disposition was classified as discharge to any facility or home. The comorbidities of the patients who were readmitted and those without a 90-day event were also evaluated.In the TKA population, age, female gender, nonsmoking status, venous thromboembolism (VTE) history, and diabetes were significantly associated with discharge to extended care facility (ECF) on univariate analysis, unlike body mass index. With multivariate analyses, female gender, age, VTE history, and diabetes were associated with ECF placement, but smoking was not. In the total hip arthroplasty population, age, female gender, and nonsmoking status were significantly associated with discharge to ECF on univariate analysis, whereas body mass index, diabetes, and VTE history were not. On multivariate analyses, female gender and age were associated with ECF, but smoking was not. The only significant finding for the readmission data was an increased rate of readmission for TKA patients of older age.The potential of projecting patient discharge and readmission allows physicians to counsel patients and improve patient expectations.


PubMed | Providence Providence Park Hospital
Type: | Journal: The Journal of arthroplasty | Year: 2016

The ability to identify those at risk for longer inpatient stay helps providers with postoperative planning and patient expectations. Decreasing length of stay (LOS) in the future will be determined by appropriate patient selection, risk stratification, and preoperative patient optimization. The purpose of this study was to identify factors that place patients at risk for extended postoperative LOSs.The study cohort included 2009 primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients and 905 total hip arthroplasty (THA) patients. Patient comorbidities were prospectively identified and the LOS for each patient was tracked after a primary arthroplasty. Statistical analysis was performed to correlate which comorbidities were associated with longer inpatient stays.In the TKA population, gender, smoking status, venous thromboembolism history, body mass index, and diabetes status were not found to be a significant predictor for the LOS. Age was found to be a factor in univariate regression testing (P < .001). In the THA population, univariate testing showed female gender (P < .001), smoking status (P= .002), and age (P < .001) to be factors, but like the TKA population, venous thromboembolism history or diabetes status was not significant. In THA multivariate analysis, age (P < .001) and female gender (P= .018) continued to be factors, but smoking was determined to be a confounding variable.Age and gender were associated with a longer LOS after THA, whereas only age was a significant factor after TKA. Development of age-adjusted LOS models may help aid patient expectations and risk management.

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