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Caujolle J.-P.,Saint Roch Hospital | Mammar H.,Protontherapy Center | Chamorey E.,Center Antoine Lacassagne | Pinon F.,Saint Roch Hospital | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics | Year: 2010

Purpose: To present the results of uveal melanomas treated at Nice Teaching Hospital. Methods and Materials: This retrospective study included 886 consecutive patients referred to our clinic for the treatment of uveal melanomas by proton beam radiotherapy from June 1991 to December 2007. Survival rates were determined by using Kaplan-Meier estimates, and prognostic factors were evaluated using the log-rank test or Cox model. Results: The number (percent total) of subjects staged according to the TNM classification system (6th edition) of malignant tumors included 39 stage T1 (4.4%), 420 stage T2 (47.40%), 409 stage T3 (46.16%), and 18 stage T4 (2.03%) patients. The median follow-up was 63.7 months. The Kaplan-Meier overall survival rate at 5 years according to the sixth edition TNM classification was 92% for T1, 89% for T2, 67% for T3, and 62% for T4; and at 10 years, 86% for T1, 78% for T2, 43% for T3, and 41% for T4. Five factors were found to be associated with an increased death rate: advanced age, tumor thickness, largest tumor basal diameter, tumor volume, and tumor volume-to-eyeball volume ratio. The metastasis-free survival rates were 88.3 % at 5 years and 76.4 % at 10 years. The local control rates were 93.9% at 5 years and 92.1% at 10 years. The ocular conservation rates were 91.1% at 5 years and 87.3% at 10 years. Conclusions: We report the results of a large series of patients treated for uveal melanomas with a very long follow-up. Despite the large tumor volume treated, our results were similar to previously published findings relating to proton beam therapy. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.

Caujolle J.-P.,Saint Roch Hospital | Paoli V.,Saint Roch Hospital | Chamorey E.,Protontherapy Center | Chamorey E.,Center Antoine Lacassagne | And 5 more authors.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics | Year: 2013

Purpose: To study the prognosis of the different types of uveal melanoma recurrences treated by proton beam therapy (PBT). Methods and Materials: This retrospective study analyzed 61 cases of uveal melanoma local recurrences on a total of 1102 patients treated by PBT between June 1991 and December 2010. Survival rates have been determined by using Kaplan-Meier curves. Prognostic factors have been evaluated by using log-rank test or Cox model. Results: Our local recurrence rate was 6.1% at 5 years. These recurrences were divided into 25 patients with marginal recurrences, 18 global recurrences, 12 distant recurrences, and 6 extrascleral extensions. Five factors have been identified as statistically significant risk factors of local recurrence in the univariate analysis: large tumoral diameter, small tumoral volume, low ratio of tumoral volume over eyeball volume, iris root involvement, and safety margin inferior to 1 mm. In the local recurrence-free population, the overall survival rate was 68.7% at 10 years and the specific survival rate was 83.6% at 10 years. In the local recurrence population, the overall survival rate was 43.1% at 10 years and the specific survival rate was 55% at 10 years. The multivariate analysis of death risk factors has shown a better prognosis for marginal recurrences. Conclusion: Survival rate of marginal recurrences is superior to that of the other recurrences. The type of recurrence is a clinical prognostic value to take into account. The influence of local recurrence retreatment by proton beam therapy should be evaluated by novel studies. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Bensoussan E.,Pasteur Hospital | Thariat J.,Protontherapy Center | Maschi C.,Pasteur Hospital | Delas J.,Pasteur Hospital | And 4 more authors.
American Journal of Ophthalmology | Year: 2016

Purpose To evaluate proton beam therapy (PBT) as a means to preserve the eye and spare some vision while not deteriorating survival in patients with large choroidal melanomas. Design This is a retrospective, consecutive cohort study of patients with T3-4 choroidal melanomas according to the 7th edition of the American Joint Cancer Classification treated with PBT over a 24-year period. Results A total of 492 patients were included. Mean (range) tumor thickness and diameter were 8.77 (2-15) mm and 14.91 (7-24.1) mm, respectively. Mean macular and optic disc distance were 4.56 (0-19.9) mm and 4.59 (0-22.1) mm, respectively. Mean follow-up was 61.9 months. Rates of neovascular glaucoma (NVG) and enucleation (mainly for local recurrence or NVG) were 27.0% and 19.5%, respectively. Enucleation rates decreased over time. The 5-year local control was 94%. Mean baseline visual acuity was 20/63, and visual acuity ≥20/200 was preserved in 20% of patients. At 5 years, 25% of T3 patients presented with metastasis; overall and specific survival rates were 65% and 75%, respectively. Conclusion Local control after PBT remained good with increasingly manageable complications and fewer secondary enucleations over time for these large melanomas. As PBT does not seem to deteriorate survival in these patients having a high risk of metastasis, PBT may be considered as a safe and efficient alternative to enucleation in patients with large choroidal melanoma, and may help to spare some vision. © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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