Proteomics Platform

Derio, Spain

Proteomics Platform

Derio, Spain
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Siano A.,CONICET | Humpola M.V.,CONICET | De Oliveira E.,Proteomics Platform | Albericio F.,Barcelona Institute for Research in Biomedicine | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Natural Products | Year: 2014

The skin of many amphibians produces a large repertoire of antimicrobial peptides that are crucial in the first line of defense against microbial invasion. Despite the immense richness of wild amphibians in Argentina, knowledge about peptides with antimicrobial properties is limited to a few species. Here we used LC-MS-MS to analyze samples of Hypsiboas pulchellus skin with the aim to identify antimicrobial peptides in the mass range of 1000 to 2000 Da. Twenty-three novel sequences were identified by MS, three of which were selected for chemical synthesis and further studies. The three synthetic peptides, named P1-Hp-1971, P2-Hp-1935, and P3-Hp-1891, inhibited the growth of two ATCC strains: Escherichia coli (MIC: 16, 33, and 17 μM, respectively) and Staphylococcus aureus (MIC: 8, 66, and 17 μM, respectively). P1-Hp-1971 and P3-Hp-1891 were the most active peptides. P1-Hp-1971, which showed the highest therapeutic indices (40 for E. coli and 80 for S. aureus), is a proline-glycine-rich peptide with a highly unordered structure, while P3-Hp-1891 adopts an amphipathic α-helical structure in the presence of 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol and anionic liposomes. This is the first peptidomic study of Hypsiboas pulchellus skin secretions to allow the identification of antimicrobial peptides. © 2014 The American Chemical Society and American Society of Pharmacognosy.

Lopitz-Otsoa F.,Proteomics Unit | Rodriguez-Suarez E.,Proteomics Platform | Aillet F.,Proteomics Unit | Casado-Vela J.,Proteomics Platform | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Proteomics | Year: 2012

The successful use of proteasome inhibitors in clinical trials revealed the potential of the Ubiquitin Proteasome System for drug development. Protein remodeling through ubiquitylation is known to regulate the stability and activity of essential cellular factors through largely uncharacterized mechanisms. Here, we used Tandem repeated Ubiquitin Binding Entities (TUBEs) under non-denaturing conditions followed by mass spectrometry analysis to study global ubiquitylation events that may lead to the identification of potential drug targets. Using this approach we identified 643 proteins including known and unknown ubiquitin targets from human breast adenocarcinoma MCF7 cells treated with Adriamycin. Coherent with a global cellular response to this genotoxic insult, cellular factors identified are involved in protein synthesis, cellular transport, RNA post-transcriptional modification and signaling pathways regulating early stress responses. This includes components of large macromolecular complexes such as subunits and regulators of the proteasome, supporting the use of this method to characterize networks of molecular interactions coordinated by ubiquitylation. Further in vitro and in silico analysis confirmed that 84% of the total proteins identified here, are ubiquitylated. More importantly the enrichment of known biomarkers and targets for drug development, underlined the potential of this approach for the identification of this clinically relevant information. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Proteomics: The clinical link. © 2011 Elsevier B.V..

Rodriguez-Segui S.A.,Institute for Bioengineering of Catalonia IBEC | Rodriguez-Segui S.A.,University of Barcelona | Rodriguez-Segui S.A.,CIBER ISCIII | Pons Ximenez J.I.,Proteomics Platform | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A | Year: 2011

Cellular microarray developments and its applications are the next step after DNA and protein microarrays. The choice of the surface chemistry of the substrates used for the implementation of this technique, that must favor proper protein immobilization while avoiding cell adhesion on the nonspotted areas, presents a complex challenge. This is a key issue since usually the best nonfouling surfaces are also the ones that retain immobilized the smallest amounts of printed protein. To quantitatively assess the amount of protein immobilization, in this study several combinations of fluorescently labeled fibronectin (Fn*) and streptavidin (SA*) were microspotted, with and without glycerol addition in the printing buffer, on several substrates suitable for cellular microarrays. The substrates assayed included chemically activated surfaces as well as Poly ethylene oxide (PEO) films that are nonfouling in solution but accept adhesion of proteins in dry conditions. The results showed that the spotted Fn* was retained by all the surfaces, although the PEO surface did show smaller amounts of immobilization. The SA*, on the other hand, was only retained by the chemically activated surfaces. The inclusion of glycerol in the printing buffer significantly reduced the immobilization of both proteins. The results presented in this article provide quantitative evidence of the convenience of using a chemically activated surface to immobilize proteins relevant for cellular microarray applications, particularly when ECM proteins are cospotted with smaller factors which are more difficult to be retained by the surfaces. Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Dominguez M.,University Hospital of Bellvitge | De Oliveira E.,Proteomics Platform | Odena M.A.,Proteomics Platform | Portero M.,University of Lleida | And 4 more authors.
Free Radical Biology and Medicine | Year: 2016

Protein lipoxidation was assessed in the parietal cortex (PC), frontal cortex (FC), and cingulate gyrus (CG) in middle-aged and old-aged individuals with no clinical manifestations of cognitive impairment, in order to increase understanding of regional brain vulnerability to oxidative damage during aging. Twenty-five lipoxidized proteins were identified in all the three regions although with regional specificities, by using redox proteomics to detect target proteins of neuroketals (NKT) adduction. The number of cases with NKT-adducted proteins was higher in old-aged individuals but most oxidized proteins were already present in middle-aged individuals. Differences in vulnerability to oxidation were dependent on the sub-cellular localization, secondary structure, and external exposition of certain amino acids. Lipoxidized proteins included those involved in energy metabolism, cytoskeleton, proteostasis, neurotransmission and O2/CO2, and heme metabolism. Total NKT and soluble oligomer levels were estimated employing slot-blot, and these were compared between age groups. Oligomers increased with age in PC and FC; NKT significantly increased with age in FC, whereas total NKT and oligomer levels were not modified in CG, thus highlighting differences in brain regional vulnerability with age. Oligomers significantly correlated with NKT levels in the three cortical regions, suggesting that protein NKT adduction parallels soluble oligomer formation. © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Martinez-Bartolome S.,CSIC - National Center for Biotechnology | Deutsch E.W.,Institute for Systems Biology | Binz P.-A.,Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics | Jones A.R.,University of Liverpool | And 17 more authors.
Journal of Proteomics | Year: 2013

Mass spectrometry is already a well-established protein identification tool and recent methodological and technological developments have also made possible the extraction of quantitative data of protein abundance in large-scale studies. Several strategies for absolute and relative quantitative proteomics and the statistical assessment of quantifications are possible, each having specific measurements and therefore, different data analysis workflows.The guidelines for Mass Spectrometry Quantification allow the description of a wide range of quantitative approaches, including labeled and label-free techniques and also targeted approaches such as Selected Reaction Monitoring (SRM). Biological significance: The HUPO Proteomics Standards Initiative (HUPO-PSI) has invested considerable efforts to improve the standardization of proteomics data handling, representation and sharing through the development of data standards, reporting guidelines, controlled vocabularies and tooling. In this manuscript, we describe a key output from the HUPO-PSI-namely the MIAPE Quant guidelines, which have developed in parallel with the corresponding data exchange format mzQuantML [1]. The MIAPE Quant guidelines describe the HUPO-PSI proposal concerning the minimum information to be reported when a quantitative data set, derived from mass spectrometry (MS), is submitted to a database or as supplementary information to a journal. The guidelines have been developed with input from a broad spectrum of stakeholders in the proteomics field to represent a true consensus view of the most important data types and metadata, required for a quantitative experiment to be analyzed critically or a data analysis pipeline to be reproduced. It is anticipated that they will influence or be directly adopted as part of journal guidelines for publication and by public proteomics databases and thus may have an impact on proteomics laboratories across the world. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Standardization and Quality Control. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Gonzalez N.,Bioftalmik Applied Research | Iloro I.,Proteomics Platform | Soria J.,Bioftalmik Applied Research | Duran J.A.,Instituto Clinico Quirurgico Of Oftalmologia Icqo | And 4 more authors.
EuPA Open Proteomics | Year: 2014

The goal of this study was to investigate differences in tear peptidome/proteome profiles of aqueous-deficient dry eye, Meibomian gland dysfunction and control individuals. Tears from 93 individuals were collected by capillary and subjected to solid-phase extraction followed by MALDI-TOF for profiling analysis. Obtained spectra were aligned by variable penalty dynamic time warping (VPdtw) and the resulting data analyzed using multivariate statistics. Comparative analyses revealed good performance of VPdtw and a high discrimination of groups with a correct assignment of 89.3% using twelve informative peaks. SDS-PAGE followed by MALDI-TOF/TOF analysis allowed identification of lipocalin-1 as a biomarker candidate. © 2014 The Authors.

Borg J.,Jean Monnet University | Campos A.,Proteomics Platform | Diema C.,Barcelona Institute for Research in Biomedicine | Omenaca N.,Barcelona Institute for Research in Biomedicine | And 3 more authors.
Clinical Proteomics | Year: 2011

Background: In cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which is a rich source of biomarkers for neurological diseases, identification of biomarkers requires methods that allow reproducible detection of low abundance proteins. It is therefore crucial to decrease dynamic range and improve assessment of protein abundance. Results: We applied LC-MS/MS to compare the performance of two CSF enrichment techniques that immunodeplete either albumin alone (IgYHSA) or 14 high-abundance proteins (IgY14). In order to estimate dynamic range of proteins identified, we measured protein abundance with APEX spectral counting method. Both immunodepletion methods improved the number of low-abundance proteins detected (3-fold for IgYHSA, 4-fold for IgY14). The 10 most abundant proteins following immunodepletion accounted for 41% (IgY14) and 46% (IgYHSA) of CSF protein content, whereas they accounted for 64% in non-depleted samples, thus demonstrating significant enrichment of low-abundance proteins. Defined proteomics experiment metrics showed overall good reproducibility of the two immunodepletion methods and MS analysis. Moreover, offline peptide fractionation in IgYHSA sample allowed a 4-fold increase of proteins identified (520 vs. 131 without fractionation), without hindering reproducibility. Conclusions: The novelty of this study was to show the advantages and drawbacks of these methods side-to-side. Taking into account the improved detection and potential loss of non-target proteins following extensive immunodepletion, it is concluded that both depletion methods combined with spectral counting may be of interest before further fractionation, when searching for CSF biomarkers. According to the reliable identification and quantitation obtained with APEX algorithm, it may be considered as a cheap and quick alternative to study sample proteomic content. © 2011 Borg et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Lavoie C.,Université de Sherbrooke | Roy L.,Proteomics Platform | Lanoix J.,Caprion Proteomics Inc. | Taheri M.,University of Montréal | And 5 more authors.
Progress in Histochemistry and Cytochemistry | Year: 2011

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a highly dynamic organelle. It is composed of four subcompartments including nuclear envelope (NE), rough ER (rER), smooth ER (sER) and transitional ER (tER). The subcompartments are interconnected, can fragment and dissociate and are able to reassemble again. They coordinate with cell function by way of protein regulators in the surrounding cytosol. The activity of the many associated molecular machines of the ER as well as the fluid nature of the limiting membrane of the ER contribute extensively to the dynamics of the ER. This review examines the properties of the ER that permit its isolation and purification and the physiological conditions that permit reconstitution both in vitro and in vivo in normal and in disease conditions. © 2011 Elsevier GmbH.

Dore J.,CNRS Microbial Ecology | Perraud M.,CNRS Microbial Ecology | Dieryckx C.,Proteomics Platform | Kohler A.,University of Lorraine | And 10 more authors.
New Phytologist | Year: 2015

Extracellular proteins play crucial roles in the interaction between mycorrhizal fungi and their environment. Computational prediction and experimental detection allowed identification of 869 proteins constituting the exoproteome of Hebeloma cylindrosporum. Small secreted proteins (SSPs) and carbohydrate-active enzymes (CAZymes) were the two major classes of extracellular proteins. Twenty-eight per cent of the SSPs were secreted by free-living mycelia and five of the 10 most abundant extracellular proteins were SSPs. By contrast, 63-75% of enzymes involved in nutrient acquisition were secreted. A total of 150 extracellular protein-coding genes were differentially expressed between mycorrhizas and free-living mycelia. SSPs were the most affected. External environmental conditions also affected expression of 199 exoproteome genes in mycorrhizas. SSPs displayed different patterns of regulation in response to presence of a host plant or other environmental signals. Several of the genes most overexpressed in the presence of organic matter encoded oxidoreductases. Hebeloma cylindrosporum has not fully lost its ancestral saprotrophic capacities but rather adapted them not to harm its hosts and to use soil organic nitrogen. The complex and divergent patterns of regulation of SSPs in response to a symbiotic partner and/or organic matter suggest various roles in the biology of mycorrhizal fungi. © 2015 New Phytologist Trust.

Iloro I.,Proteomics Platform | Gonzalez E.,CIC Biomagune | Gutierrez-De Juan V.,CIC Biomagune | Mato J.M.,CIC Biomagune | And 3 more authors.
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry | Year: 2013

An access to fast and non-invasive techniques to infer or predict the drug-induced injury caused by newly developed drugs and to monitor therapeutic efficacy of established drugs during treatment are of the outmost importance in pharmaceutical industry and clinical diagnosis. Peptidome and low molecular weight proteome profiling is an emerging technique that allows the recognition of distinctive patterns and differentiation among diverse physiopathological conditions. In this article, we evaluated the utility of peptide/small protein profiling using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) coupled with WCX magnetic bead-based solid-phase extraction as a screening tool for drug toxicity assessment in urine samples. Given that drug-induced injury is primarily reflected in liver, three different, well-described hepatotoxic drugs were chosen for this work. These were: carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) which induces liver fibrosis, d(+)-galactosamine as a model for acute liver injury, and Escherichia coli-derived lipopolysaccharide to study the damage caused by endotoxins. The profiles obtained with a correct clustering analysis show that this methodology can be used as a non-invasive and straightforward approach to test for potential drug toxicity. Pharmaceutical research and drug development studies could benefit from this methodology as liver injury inducer compounds could be easily detected in vivo by non-invasive means, accelerating the launch of safer drugs to the market. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

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