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Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Hahne H.,TU Munich | Neubert P.,TU Munich | Kuhn K.,Proteome Science RandD GmbH and Co KG | Etienne C.,Thermo Fisher Scientific | And 4 more authors.
Analytical Chemistry

N-Linked protein glycosylation is one of the most prevalent post-translational modifications and is involved in essential cellular functions such as cell-cell interactions and cellular recognition as well as in chronic diseases. In this study, we explored stable isotope labeled carbonyl-reactive tandem mass tags (glyco-TMTs) as a novel approach for the quantification of N-linked glycans. Glyco-TMTs bearing hydrazide- and aminooxy-functionalized groups were compared for glycan reducing end derivatization efficiency and quantification merits. Aminooxy TMTs outperform the hydrazide reagents in terms of labeling efficiency (>95% vs 65% at 0.1 μM) and mass spectrometry based quantification using heavy/light-TMT labeled glycans enabled accurate quantification in MS1 spectra (CV < 15%) over a broad dynamic range (up to 1:40). In contrast, isobaric TMT labeling with quantification of reporter ions in tandem mass spectra suffered from severe ratio compression already at low sample ratios. To demonstrate the practical utility of the developed approach, we characterized the global N-linked glycosylation profiles of the isogenic human colon carcinoma cell lines SW480 (primary tumor) and SW620 (metastatic tumor). The data revealed significant down-regulation of high-mannose glycans in the metastatic cell line. © 2012 American Chemical Society. Source

Holtta M.,Gothenburg University | Minthon L.,Lund University | Hansson O.,Lund University | Holmen-Larsson J.,Gothenburg University | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Proteome Research

Many disease processes in the brain are reflected in the protein composition of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). In addition to proteins, CSF also contains a large number of endogenous peptides whose potential as disease biomarkers largely remains to be explored. We have developed a novel workflow in which multiplex isobaric labeling is used for simultaneous quantification of endogenous CSF peptides and proteins by liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. After the labeling of CSF samples, endogenous peptides are separated from proteins by ultrafiltration. The proteins retained on the filters are trypsinized, and the tryptic peptides are collected separately. We evaluated this technique in a comparative pilot study of CSF peptide and protein profiles in eight patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and eight nondemented controls. We identified several differences between the AD and control group among endogenous peptides derived from proteins known to be associated with AD, including neurosecretory protein VGF (ratios AD/controls 0.45-0.81), integral membrane protein 2B (ratios AD/controls 0.72-0.84), and metallothionein-3 (ratios AD/controls 0.51-0.61). Analysis of tryptic peptides identified several proteins that were altered in the AD group, some of which have previously been reported as changed in AD, for example, VGF (ratio AD/controls 0.70). © 2015 American Chemical Society. Source

Dayon L.,University of Geneva | Turek N.,University of Geneva | Kienle S.,Proteome Science RandD GmbH and Co KG | Schulz-Knappe P.,Proteome Science RandD GmbH and Co KG | And 3 more authors.
Analytical Chemistry

In the past few years, mass spectrometry (MS) has emerged as an efficient tool for the multiplexed peptide and protein concentration determination by isotope dilution. Despite the growing use of isobaric tagging to perform relative quantitation for the discovery of potential biomarkers in biological fluids, no real application has so far been presented for their absolute quantitation. Isobaric tandem mass tags (TMTs) were used herein for the selection and quantitation of tryptic peptides derived from brain damage related proteins in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Proteotypic tryptic peptide analogues were synthesized, prepared in four reference amounts, differentially labeled with four isobaric TMTs with reporter-ions at m/z= 128.1, 129.1, 130.1, and 131.1, and mixed with CSF sample previously labeled with TMT 126.1. Offgel electrophoresis (OGE) was used as first-dimension separation of the pooled sample. The resulting fractions were analyzed with reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RP-LC) tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS), using tandem time-of-flight (TOF/TOF) and hybrid linear ion trap-orbitrap (LTQ-OT) instruments. Under collisioninduced dissociation (CID) or higher-energy C-trap dissociation (HCD), the release of the reporter fragments from the TMT-labeled peptide standards provided an internal calibration curve to assess the concentration of these peptides in the CSF. This tool also allowed identifying selectively these peptides in CSF as only the targeted peptides showed specific fragmentation pattern in the TMT reporter-ion zone of the tandem mass spectra. Assays for the concentration measurements of peptides from PARK7, GSTP1, NDKA, and S100B proteins in CSF were further characterized using this novel, efficient, and straightforward approach. © 2010 American Chemical Society. Source

Malki K.,Kings College London | Campbell J.,Kings College London | Davies M.,Kings College London | Keers R.,Kings College London | And 11 more authors.

In this study, we present a pharmacoproteomic investigation of response to antidepressants two inbred strains. Our aim was to uncover molecular mechanisms underlying antidepressant action and identify new biomarkers to determine therapeutic response to two antidepressants with proven efficacy in the treatment of depression but divergent mechanisms of action. Mice were treated with the pro-noradrenergic drug nortriptyline, the pro-serotonergic drug escitalopram or saline. Quantitative proteomic analyses were undertaken on hippocampal tissue from a study design that used two inbred mouse strains, two depressogenic protocols and a control condition, (maternal separation, chronic mild stress, control), two antidepressant drugs and two dosing protocols. The proteomic analysis was aimed at the identification of specific drug-response markers. Complementary approaches, 2DE and isobaric tandem mass tagging (TMT), were applied to the selected experimental groups. To investigate the relationship between proteomic profiles, depressogenic protocols and drug response, 2DE and TMT data sets were analysed using multivariate methods. The results highlighted significant strain- and stress-related differences across both 2DE and TMT data sets and identified the three gene products involved in serotonergic (PXBD5, YHWAB, SLC25A4) and one in noradrenergic antidepressant action (PXBD6). © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source

Bohm G.,Proteome Science RandD GmbH and Co KG | Prefot P.,Proteome Science RandD GmbH and Co KG | Jung S.,Proteome Science RandD GmbH and Co KG | Selzer S.,Proteome Science RandD GmbH and Co KG | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Proteome Research

We present a novel tandem mass tag solid-phase amino labeling (TMT-SPAL) protocol using reversible immobilization of peptides onto octadecyl-derivatized (C18) solid supports. This method can reduce the number of steps required in complex protocols, saving time and potentially reducing sample loss. In our global phosphopeptide profiling workflow (SysQuant), we can cut 24 h from the protocol while increasing peptide identifications (20%) and reducing side reactions. Solid-phase labeling with TMTs does require some modification to typical labeling conditions, particularly pH. It has been found that complete labeling equivalent to standard basic pH solution-phase labeling for small and large samples can be achieved on C18 resins under slightly acidic buffer conditions. Improved labeling behavior on C18 compared to that with standard basic pH solution-phase labeling is demonstrated. We analyzed our samples for histidine, serine, threonine, and tyrosine labeling to determine the degree of overlabeling and observed higher than expected levels (25% of all peptide spectral matches (PSMs)) of overlabeling at all of these amino acids (predominantly at tyrosine and serine) in our standard solution-phase labeling protocol. Overlabeling at all of these sites is greatly reduced (4-fold, to 7% of all PSMs) by the low-pH conditions used in the TMT-SPAL protocol. Overlabeling seems to represent a so-far overlooked mechanism causing reductions in peptide identification rates with NHS-activated TMT labeling compared to that with label-free methods. Our results also highlight the importance of searching data for overlabeling when labeling methods are used. © 2015 American Chemical Society. Source

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