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Rostock, Germany

Wille M.,Gertrudenstr. | Schumann A.,Gertrudenstr. | Kreutzer M.,Proteome Center Rostock | Glocker M.O.,Proteome Center Rostock | And 3 more authors.
Proteome Science | Year: 2015

Background: In this study, we searched for proteins that change their expression in the olfactory bulb (oB) of rats during ontogenesis. Up to now, protein expression differences in the developing animal are not fully understood. Our investigation focused on the question whether specific proteins exist which are only expressed during different development stages. This might lead to a better characterization of the microenvironment and to a better determination of factors and candidates that influence the differentiation of neuronal progenitor cells. Results: After analyzing the samples by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2DE) and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS), it could be shown that the number of expressed proteins differs depending on the developmental stages. Especially members of the functional classes, like proteins of biosynthesis, regulatory proteins and structural proteins, show the highest differential expression in the stages of development analyzed. Conclusion: In this study, quantitative changes in the expression of proteins in the oB at different developmental stages (postnatal days (P) 7, 90 and 637) could be observed. Furthermore, the expression of many proteins was found at specific developmental stages. It was possible to identify these proteins which are involved in processes like support of cell migration and differentiation. © 2015 Wille et al.; licensee BioMed Central. Source


Lessner G.,Gertrudenstrasse | Schmitt O.,Gertrudenstrasse | Haas S.J.-P.,Gertrudenstrasse | Mikkat S.,Proteome Center Rostock | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Proteome Research | Year: 2010

Parkinson's disease is a multifactorial, neurodegenerative disease where etiopathogenetic mechanisms are not fully understood. Animal models like the neurotoxic 6-OHDA-hemiparkinsonian rat model are used for standardized experiments. Here, we analyzed proteome changes of the striatum three months after 6-OHDA lesions of the nigral dopaminergic cell population. Striata were removed and proteins were separated by 2DE followed by differential spot analysis. Proteins in spots were identified by MALDI-TOF-MS. Most up-regulations of proteins were concerning energy metabolism in mitochondria. Proteins of calcium homeostasis like annexin A3, annexin A7, calbindin, calmodulin, calreticulin, and reticulocalbin 1 also were differentially regulated. Moreover, proteins involved in antioxidative mechanisms like superoxide dismutase, protein disulfide isomerase 1 and 3, N(G),N(G)-dimethylarginindimethyl- aminotransferase 2, and thioredoxin-dependent peroxide reductase were up-regulated. Interestingly, most cytoskeletal proteins belonging to the axon cytoskeleton and synapse were up-regulated pointing to long-distance axon remodeling. In addition, transcription factors, proteins of nucleic acid metabolism, chaperones, and degrading proteins (UCHL1) were up-regulated as well. In conclusion, the neurotoxin-induced proteome alterations indicate vivid long-distance remodeling processes of dendrites, axons, and synapses that are still ongoing even three months after perturbation, indicating a high plasticity and regeneration potential in the adult rat brain. © 2010 American Chemical Society. Source


Wille M.,Gertrudenstr. | Schumann A.,Gertrudenstr. | Wree A.,Gertrudenstr. | Kreutzer M.,Proteome Center Rostock | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences | Year: 2015

In this study, we searched for proteins that change their expression in the cerebellum (Ce) of rats during ontogenesis. This study focuses on the question of whether specific proteins exist which are differentially expressed with regard to postnatal stages of development. A better characterization of the microenvironment and its development may result from these study findings. A differential two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2DE) and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) analysis of the samples revealed that the number of proteins of the functional classes differed depending on the developmental stages. Especially members of the functional classes of biosynthesis, regulatory proteins, chaperones and structural proteins show the highest differential expression within the analyzed stages of development. Therefore, members of these functional protein groups seem to be involved in the development and differentiation of the Ce within the analyzed development stages. In this study, changes in the expression of proteins in the Ce at different postnatal developmental stages (postnatal days (P) 7, 90, and 637) could be observed. At the same time, an identification of proteins which are involved in cell migration and differentiation was possible. Especially proteins involved in processes of the biosynthesis and regulation, the dynamic organization of the cytoskeleton as well as chaperones showed a high amount of differentially expressed proteins between the analyzed dates. © 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Source

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