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Cox M.M.J.,Protein Sciences Corporation
Expert Review of Vaccines | Year: 2011

Influenza is the most common cause of vaccine-preventable morbidity and mortality despite the availability of the conventional trivalent inactivated vaccine and the live-attenuated influenza vaccine. These vaccines induce an immunity dominated by the response to hemagglutinin (HA) and are most effective when there is sufficient antigenic relatedness between the vaccine strain and the HA of the circulating wild-type virus. Vaccine strategies against influenza may benefit from inclusion of other viral antigens in addition to HA. Epidemiologic evidence and studies in animals and humans indicate that anti-neuraminidase (NA) immunity will provide protection against severe illness or death in the event of a significant antigenic change in the HA component of the vaccine. However, there is little NA immunity induced by trivalent inactivated vaccine and live-attenuated influenza vaccine. The quantity of NA in influenza vaccines is not standardized and varies significantly among manufacturers, production lots and tested strains. The activity and stability of the NA enzyme is influenced by concentration of divalent cations. If immunity against NA is desirable, a better understanding of how the enzymatic properties affect the immunogenicity is needed. © 2011 Expert Reviews Ltd. Source


Post P.L.,Protein Sciences Corporation
PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology | Year: 2010

■ PSC has developed and qualified a novel, serum-free insect cell line and master baculovirus bank for the production of recombinant proteins. ■ Approval of FluBlok will further validate the new technology. ■ There is an unmet need for a reliable, rapidly available supply of flu vaccine. ■ PSC has developed a robust manufacturing process for FluBlok and PanBlok H1, utilizing the BEVS system, that meets this need. ©PDA, Inc. 2010. Source


Cox M.M.,Protein Sciences Corporation
Expert review of vaccines | Year: 2012

Vaccine Production Summit San Francisco, CA, USA, 4-6 June 2012 IBC's 3rd Vaccine Production Summit featured 28 presentations discussing regulatory challenges in vaccine development, including the use of adjuvants, vaccine manufacturing and technology transfer, process development for vaccines and the role of quality by design, how to address vaccine stability, and how vaccine development timelines can be improved. The conference was run in parallel with the single-use applications for Biopharmaceutical Manufacturing conference. Approximately 250 attendees from large pharmaceutical companies, large and small biotech companies, vendors and a more limited number from academia were allowed to access sessions of either conference, including one shared session. This article summarizes the recurring themes across various presentations. Source


Patent
Protein Sciences Corporation | Date: 2013-03-15

The present invention relates to methods of improving the stability and maintaining the potency of recombinant hemagglutinin formulations, in particular, recombinant influenza hemagglutinin (rHA). In particular, Applicants have shown that the stability of rHA formulations may be significantly improved by mutating cysteine residues or by formulating with a reducing agent and sodium citrate.


Baxter R.,Kaiser Permanente | Patriarca P.A.,Biologics Consulting Group Inc. | Ensor K.,Kaiser Permanente | Izikson R.,Protein Sciences Corporation | And 2 more authors.
Vaccine | Year: 2011

Background: Alternative methods for influenza vaccine production are needed to ensure adequate supplies. Methods: Healthy adults 50-64 years were assigned randomly to receive one intramuscular injection of trivalent recombinant hemagglutinin (rHA) or U.S. licensed trivalent inactivated vaccine (TIV) containing H1, H3 and B antigens (Ag) derived from 2007 to 2008 influenza virus strains A/Solomon Islands/03/2006 (H1N1), A/Wisconsin/67/2005 (H3N2), and B/Malaysia/2506/2004. Each rHA dose contained 45 μg HA/strain of the 2007-2008 FDA-recommended Ag vs. 15 μg/strain for TIV. Antibody (Ab) responses were measured using a hemagglutination-inhibition (HAI) assay at baseline and 28 days post-vaccination. Respiratory samples for viral culture were collected from subjects with influenza-like illness (ILI) during the 2007-2008 season in the U.S. Results: 601 subjects were enrolled. Vaccines were well tolerated. Seroconversion (the percentage of subjects with either (a) a pre-vaccination HAI titer ≤10 and a post-vaccination HAI titer ≥40 or (b) a pre-vaccination titer ≥10 and a minimum four-fold rise in post-vaccination HAI antibody titer) in the TIV and rHA groups, respectively, was obtained in 66% vs. 72% for H1; 44% vs. 61% for H3; and 41% vs. 41% for B. Proportions achieving titers ≥40 were 96% vs. 96% for H1, 75% vs. 85% for H3, and 94% vs. 93% vs. B. Geometric mean titer ratios at day 28 (TIV/rHA) were 0.77 for H1; 0.58 for H3; and 1.05 for B, respectively. ILI frequencies were low and similar in both groups. Conclusions: Both vaccines were safe and immunogenic. Ab responses vs. H1 and H3 Ags were significantly higher in the rHA group, with similar responses to B. Furthermore, the FluBlok group had a statistically significantly higher seroconversion rate against influenza A/H3N2 compared to the TIV group. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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