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Wang J.,Tsinghua University | Wang J.,Beijing Key Laboratory for Protein Therapeutics | Wang J.,Protein Science Laboratory of MOE | Xu L.,Tsinghua University | And 8 more authors.
Vaccine | Year: 2011

Induction of mucosal antibodies to prevent HIV infection is an important strategy for the HIV-1 prophylaxis. Here we report an epitope-vaccine based antigen that was able to elicit mucosal antibodies capable of blocking HIV-1 transcytosis. Because the ELDKWA epitope of neutralizing antibody 2F5 plays a crucial role in transcytosis, a series of immunogens that contain tandem copies of ELDKWA were prepared. Mice were immunized with these immunogens intranasally, and received intraperitoneal. +. intranasal boosters. The immunogens that contained more ELDKWA epitopes elicited higher level of mucosal ELDKWA-epitope specific IgAs and systemic IgGs. Although the antisera from the immunized mice exhibited mild neutralizing potency to HIV-1 isolates HXB2 and JRFL, the affinity purified mucosal ELDKWA-epitope specific antibodies could block the transcytosis of cell-free CNE3 (a primary isolate of subtype CRF01_AE) in human tight epithelial models. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

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