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Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

da Rocha Fragoso M.,PROOCEANO Servico Oceanografico | de Carvalho G.V.,PROOCEANO Servico Oceanografico | Soares F.L.M.,PROOCEANO Servico Oceanografico | Faller D.G.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | And 9 more authors.
Ocean Dynamics | Year: 2016

Aiming to achieve systematic ocean forecasting for the southeastern Brazilian coast, an incremental 4D-Var data assimilation system is applied to a regional ocean model focused mainly in the Santos Basin region. This implementation is performed within the scope of The Santos Basin Ocean Observing System (or Project Azul), a pilot project designed to collect oceanographic data with enough frequency and spatial coverage so to improve regional forecasts through data assimilation. The ocean modeling and data assimilation system of Project Azul is performed with the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS). The observations used in the assimilation cycles include the following: 1-day gridded, 0.1° resolution SST from POES AVHRR; 1-day gridded, 0.3° composite of the MDT SSH from AVISO; and surface and subsurface hydrographic measurements of temperature and salinity collected with gliders and ARGO floats from Project Azul and from UK Met-Office EN3 project dataset. The assimilative model results are compared to forward model results and independent observations, both from remote sensing and in situ sources. The results clearly show that 4D-Var data assimilation leads to an improvement in the skill of ocean hindcast in the studied region. © 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg Source

Nilssen I.,Statoil | Nilssen I.,Norwegian University of Science and Technology | dos Santos F.,PROOCEANO Servico Oceanografico | Coutinho R.,Institute Estudos do Mar Almirante Paulo Moreira | And 8 more authors.
Marine Environmental Research | Year: 2015

The potential impact of drill cuttings on the two deep water calcareous red algae Mesophyllum engelhartii and Lithothamnion sp. from the Peregrino oil field was assessed. Dispersion modelling of drill cuttings was performed for a two year period using measured oceanographic and discharge data with 24 h resolution. The model was also used to assess the impact on the two algae species using four species specific impact categories: No, minor, medium and severe impact. The corresponding intervals for photosynthetic efficiency (ΦPSIImax) and sediment coverage were obtained from exposure-response relationship for photosynthetic efficiency as function of sediment coverage for the two algae species. The temporal resolution enabled more accurate model predictions as short-term changes in discharges and environmental conditions could be detected. The assessment shows that there is a patchy risk for severe impact on the calcareous algae stretching across the transitional zone and into the calcareous algae bed at Peregrino. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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