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Warmington R.,Project Eden | Clarkson J.P.,University of Warwick
Plant and Soil | Year: 2015

Aims: Sclerotia of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum survive in soil and germinate to produce apothecia which release airborne ascospores. Current control methods rely predominantly on the use of fungicides to kill ascospores. The aim of this research was to identify potential biofumigation treatments which suppress sclerotial germination, providing a potential alternative and long-term approach to disease management. Methods: Microcosm and in vitro experiments were conducted using dried and milled plant material from six different biofumigant crop plants to determine effects on carpogenic germination of sclerotia and mycelial growth of S. sclerotiorum. Results: All biofumigant plants significantly reduced germination of S. sclerotiorum sclerotia in the microcosm experiments, but were less effective against larger sclerotia. In vitro experiments showed a direct effect of biofumigant volatiles on both the mycelial growth of S. sclerotiorum, and carpogenic germination of sclerotia, where the most effective treatment was B. juncea ‘Vittasso’. Conclusions: It was clear from this study that biofumigant crop plants have potential as part of an integrated disease management system for control of S. sclerotiorum. The microcosm experiments described here provide a straightforward and reliable screening method for evaluating different biofumigants for activity. © 2015 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

Wagstaffe J.,Project Eden | Cameron R.,University of Sheffield | Hadley P.,University of Reading | Bisgrove R.,University of Reading
Scientia Horticulturae | Year: 2014

Scheduled production of ornamentals has facilitated the development of novel crop lines that can be sold in flower over an extended period, thereby maximising sales potential. Research activities have aided the development of protocols for these 'forced' crops, but little attention has been given to knowledge of how such protocols affect subsequent garden performance. The aim of this study therefore, was to investigate the influence of different production factors (cutting size, temperature, photoperiod and time of propagation) on flower induction both with respect to the main marketing stage, but also in terms of 'after-sales' performance. The short-lived herbaceous perennial Coreopsis grandiflora cv. Flying Saucers was used as a model subject. When exposed to five diurnal temperatures (14, 20, 24, 27 and 31. °C) and grown at four photoperiods (8, 11, 14 and 17. h), time to first open flower was optimal at 27. °C (42 days). Speed of flowering was aided by longer photoperiod (approximately 5 days earlier at 17. h than at 14. h). Greatest numbers of flowers produced overall though was associated with the 14. °C/14. h regime. Comparisons based on original cutting size demonstrated that large cuttings, rooted under long-day photoperiods produced plants with greater flower numbers than other cutting treatments. Once planted out, however, plants from all treatment combinations had similar floral performance (mean of 160 flowers per plant). Time of propagation/planting-out also had no overall effect on the numbers of flowers produced within the lifespan of the plant. It was concluded that conditions during production and planting time did not influence garden performance over the longer term. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Orr N.,University of Exeter | Wagstaffe A.,Project Eden | Briscoe S.,University of Exeter | Garside R.,University of Exeter
BMC Geriatrics | Year: 2016

Background: Despite the increased scholarly interest in the senses and sensory experiences, the topic of older people's sensory engagement with nature is currently under researched. This paper reviews and synthesises qualitative research evidence about how older people, including those living with dementia, describe their sensory engagement with the natural world. Methods: Ten databases were searched from 1990 to September 2014: MEDLINE (Ovid), MEDLINE-in-Process (Ovid), PsycINFO (Ovid), CINAHL (EBSCO), GreenFILE (EBSCO), ProQuest Sociology, ASSIA (ProQuest), International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (ProQuest); HMIC (Ovid); Social Policy and Practice (Ovid). Forward and backward citation chasing of included articles was conducted; 20 organizations were contacted to identify unpublished reports. Screening was undertaken independently by two reviewers. Results: Twenty seven studies were included. Thematic analysis revealed that descriptions of sensory experiences are encompassed within six themes: descriptions from 'the window'; sensory descriptions that emphasise vision; descriptions of 'being in nature'; descriptions of 'doing in nature'; barriers to sensory engagement; and meanings of being and doing in nature. Conclusions: Older people derive considerable pleasure and enjoyment from viewing nature, being and doing in nature which, in turn has a positive impact on their wellbeing and quality of life. Future research could usefully explore how sensory engagement with nature could be used to stimulate reminiscences of places and people, and evoke past sensory experiences to enrich everyday life and maintain a sense of self. The protocol was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42015020736). © 2016 The Author(s).

News Article | March 4, 2013
Site: www.techinasia.com

It’s been quite some time since Project Eden, Indonesia’s first startup accelerator, made any announcement on its site. In fact, the last time it did so was back in 2011. What happened? We talked to Project Eden board members Natali Ardianto and Aulia Halimatussadiah (Ollie) about the program’s hiatus. But most importantly, both of them shared the biggest lesson they learned from running the project: don’t spoonfeed startups. Natali said that the first mistake was that they selected the startups mostly based on the potential of their ideas, but did not account for the people behind it. This resulted in the startups’ founders not having adequate mettle to run their business, and needing Project Eden’s constant guidance and pushing. The second mistake is that they spoonfed the startups too much and too early. Ollie said that because the board members are all entrepreneurs and have gone through similar challenges and setbacks, they now can advise the startups to avoid those foreseen obstacles. The problem is that they did so quite a lot, which makes the startups overly reliant on the board members. The only time the board members should help these startups, Natali explained, is when the startups have their backs against the wall. Is Project Eden still alive? Natali and Ollie say yes. Natali explained that they are evaluating new things now, such as the filtering process, the mentoring method, and how they evaluate the ideas. He explained about Project Eden’s latest progress: Running a business and mentoring other people to do so are two different things, it seems. But just like life, we make mistakes, we learn from them, and we will do better next time. This also underlines an even broader concept: that different incubators and venture firms have different approaches to funding. For example, we understand that CyberAgent Ventures is very hands-on, and in a way, is willing to spoonfeed. Other firms, just give money to startups. While entrepreneurship doesn’t seem to fit everyone, for those who would like to give it a try and join an accelerator program, you might want to check the Jakarta Founder Institute spring batch which is open right now and Grupara.

News Article | February 13, 2012
Site: www.techinasia.com

At the BlitzMegaplex Grand Indonesia in Jakarta, SpotMed Group held a press conference for the launch of a new service. It’s called SpotDokter, and it claims to be the first location-based mobile application focusing on health launched in Indonesia, the goal being to help the public achieve a healthier lifestyle. SpotDokter uses the phone’s GPS capability to provide health information based on location. It helps you search the nearest health facilities based on distance and time, and gives a complete directory and profile of each facility. Such a service is crucial when emergencies occur, and it also has automatic emergency calling through the app. SpotDokter is available for Blackberry, iOS, and Android. Established back in 2011, SpotMed Group is a startup co-founded by Mendy Candella, Pascal Christian, and Jaka Pradipta. They aim to become a leading company that provides integrated services to improve the standards of public health. Project Eden saw their potential and decided to take them under its wing. Mendy Candella, the CEO of Spotmed Group, remarked on the launch: We are delighted to finally launch SpotDokter today to assist the public in achieving a healthier lifestyle . . . The application will give the public a powerful tool to seek information such as where is the nearest hospital and who are the doctors on duty in their hands. We feel their frustration in finding such information online and offline, and that is why we came up with this solution.” The health industry is waiting to be disrupted, and even in Silicon Valley one of the biggest problems is tackling the health care system. We have seen other ventures into this space in Indonesia, with MeetDoctor launching last year. But it is always good to see some competition. For more on SpotDokter, see their video below.

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