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Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Kwong Y.-L.,Profial. Block | Pang A.W.K.,Profial. Block | Leung A.Y.H.,Profial. Block | Chim C.-S.,Profial. Block | Tse E.,Profial. Block
Leukemia | Year: 2014

Circulating Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA is a biomarker of EBV-associated malignancies. Its significance in natural killer/T-cell lymphoma treated with the novel regimen SMILE was investigated. EBV DNA was quantified with a World Health Organization EBV standard in 910 plasma samples collected during 230 courses of SMILE in 56 patients. Median presentation EBV DNA was 1900 (0-1.4 × 10 7) IU/ml. Presentation EBV DNA was significantly associated with tumor load and treatment response. To examine lymphoma chemosensitivity, EBV DNA changes after SMILE were evaluated. EBV DNA after SMILE (I) significantly correlated with tumor load and treatment response. Two dynamic parameters were further analyzed: negative EBV DNA after SMILE (I) and EBV DNA change patterns during treatment (A: persistently undetectable; B: persistently detectablepresentation). Negative EBV DNA after SMILE (I) and pattern A EBV DNA change significantly correlated with lower tumor load and superior outcome. Multivariate analysis involving presentation features, international prognostic index (IPI), Korean prognostic score and EBV DNA parameters showed that negative EBV DNA after SMILE (I) had the most significant impact (P<0.001) on overall survival and pattern A EBV DNA change had the most significant impact (P=0.002) on disease-free survival. Presentation EBV DNA, IPI and Korean prognostic scores were not independent prognostic factors. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Source

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