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Hyvinkää, Finland

Gracia-Calvo L.A.,Private hospital | Duque J.,University of Extremadura | Balao da Silva C.,University of Extremadura | Ezquerra J.,University of Extremadura | Ortega-Ferrusola C.,University of Extremadura
Theriogenology | Year: 2015

Acquired inguinal herniation is a very common condition in stallions, usually leading to unilateral or bilateral castration to prevent future recurrence. Recently, several surgical techniques such as the standing laparoscopic peritoneal flap hernioplasty (SLPFH) have been developed to avoid herniation recurrence and also preserve the breeding activity of high economic value stallions. However, studies on SLPFH lack more comprehensive and systematic data about reproductive-related adverse effects and outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether SLPFH of the internal inguinal rings produces changes in the testicular blood flow in a 1-year follow-up. For that purpose, six healthy stallions were used and testicular blood flow was assessed before, 3, 6, and 12 months (T0, T3, T6, and T12) after the procedure. Blood flow was evaluated ultrasonographically, using the pulsed-wave color Doppler mode. Peak systolic velocity, end-diastolic velocity, the time-averaged maximum velocity, and the derived indexes (resistive index) and pulsatility index) of the testicular artery were measured in two localizations: in the spermatic cord and on the caudal epididymal edge of the testicle. On the spermatic cord, the peak systolic velocity of the testicular artery increased significantly at T12. However, on the epididymal edge location of the artery, the pulsatility and resistive indexes were decreased at T12 (P < 0.05). This pattern of blood flow was related to a hyperemic process. Furthermore, SLPFH might have compressed the spermatic cord, causing a slight occlusion of the testicular artery and triggering a compensatory hyperemia to compensate the deficit of blood flow that supplies the testes. The SLPFH of the internal inguinal ring affected the testicular perfusion in stallions in a 1 year follow-up, although there was no effect on sperm production during this time. The spectral Doppler ultrasound is a useful tool to asses the testicular perfusion after reproductive surgical procedure and provides information which anticipates vascular supply compromise of the stallion testicles. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.. Source

Guven D.,Ondokuz Mayis University | Sari S.,Ondokuz Mayis University | Bakay K.,Private hospital
Human Fertility | Year: 2016

Abstract: The objective was to determine whether progesterone support affects pregnancy rates in patients who develop a single follicle. This was a non-randomized prospective controlled study performed on 591 intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles that developed a single follicle; 337 women received 100 mg oral progesterone daily. The pregnancy rate was 24.3%, or 82 out of 337, in the group receiving progesterone support compared with 14.96%, or 254 out of 591, in the group with no progesterone support. IUI luteal phase supplementation with oral progesterone may improve clinical pregnancy rates when begun the day after insemination. © 2016 The British Fertility Society. Source

Tunca Z.,Dokuz Eylul University | Bayin M.,Private hospital | Alkin T.,Dokuz Eylul University | Ozerdem A.,Dokuz Eylul University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of ECT | Year: 2015

Objective Neurotrophic factors are known to be involved in the pathogenesis of mood disorders. However, the precise neurobiology underlying relapse into depression or switch to mania under antidepressant treatment is not fully understood. Evidence suggests the role of neuroplasticity in these processes. Method Brain-derived neurotrophic factor and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) serum levels were measured concomitantly during electroconvulsive treatment (ECT) in 30 depressive patients (25 patients with unipolar, 5 with bipolar depression), including those who relapsed into depression (n = 6) or switched to mania (n = 3) within 1 to 4 weeks after the end of the ECT, and in 33 healthy volunteers. Results Despite significant decrease in depression scores, the levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor did not significantly change during the ECT, also in the patients who relapsed into depression or switched to mania. However, GDNF levels were lower in the ECT responders compared with pre-ECT levels (z = -2.203; P = 0.01) and increased in manic switch compared with the ECT responders (z = -2.761; P = 0.001) (Cohen d = -1.75; effect size r = -0.66) and healthy controls as well (P = 0.044). Conclusions Our data suggest the role of GDNF in manic switch and the involvement of glial system in the pathogenesis of mood disorders. © Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Choudhary S.,Sawai Man Singh Medical College and Hospital | Dogra N.,Sawai Man Singh Medical College and Hospital | Dogra J.,Private hospital | Jain P.,Sawai Man Singh Medical College and Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Indian Journal of Anaesthesia | Year: 2016

Background and Aims: Caudal analgesia is one of the most popular regional blocks in paediatric patients undergoing infra-umbilical surgeries but with the drawback of short duration of action after single shot local anaesthetic injection. We evaluated whether caudal dexamethasone 0.1 mg/kg as an adjuvant to the ropivacaine improved analgesic efficacy after paediatric herniotomies. Methods: Totally 128 patients of 1–5 years age group, American Society of Anaesthesiologists physical status I and II undergoing elective inguinal herniotomy were randomly allocated to two groups in double-blind manner. Group A received 1 ml/kg of 0.2% ropivacaine caudally and Group B received 1 ml/kg of 0.2% ropivacaine, in which 0.1 mg/kg dexamethasone was added for caudal analgesia. Post operative pain by faces, legs, activity, cry and consolability tool score, rescue analgesic requirement and adverse effects were noted for 24 h. Results: Results were statistically analysed using Student’s t-test. Pain scores measured at 1, 2, 4, and 6 h post-operative, were lower in Group B as compared to Group A. Mean duration of analgesia in Group A was 248.4 ± 54.1 min and in Group B was 478.046 ± 104.57 min with P = 0.001. Rescue analgesic requirement was more in Group A as compared to Group B. Adverse effects after surgery were comparable between the two groups. Conclusion: Caudal dexamethasone added to ropivacaine is a good alternative to prolong post-operative analgesia with less pain score compared to caudal ropivacaine alone. © 2016 Indian Journal of Anaesthesia. Source

Leclere F.M.,Bordeaux University Hospital Center | Vogt P.M.,Hannover Medical School | Casoli V.,Bordeaux University Hospital Center | Vlachos S.,Private hospital | Mordon S.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research
Laryngoscope | Year: 2015

Objectives/Hypothesis In 2006, our institute reported the first clinical use of laser-assisted cartilage reshaping (LACR) for protruding ears. Since then, the technique has been developed and refined. This article reviews the literature on the clinical application of LACR. Study Design Literature review. Methods A MEDLINE literature search was performed on LACR combined with cross-referencing. The period of search was 1993 to 2014. Search terms used were: laser, cartilage reshaping, protruding ears, LACR. Results Only seven clinical studies using three different wavelengths were found in the literature: 1,064 nm (Nd:YAG), 10,600 nm (CO2), and 1540 nm (Er:Glass). Clinical outcomes, laser wavelength and parameters, and patient satisfaction are discussed in each case. Conclusions The success rate for ear reshaping achieved with LACR appears promising. The use of this noninvasive technique will increase in the near future. Level of Evidence Laryngoscope, 125:2067-2071, 2015 © 2015 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc. Source

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