Medicinski arhiv | Year: 2013
Congenital malformation of spinal dysraphism followed by hydrocephalus are phenomenon reveals during intrauterine child growth. Prime objective of this work was to present Comparison of hydrocephalus appearance at spinal dysraphism respectively at its meningocele and myelomeningocele forms in Neurosurgery Clinic in UCC in Prishtina. It is perfected with retrospective and prospective method precisely of its epidemiologic part summarizing notices from patients' histories which in 2000-2006 are hospitalized in Neurosurgery Clinic from (QFLPK)--Pediatric Clinic and Children Box (Department)--Gynecology Clinic and from Sanitary Regional Center throughout Kosova. Our study objects were two groups, as the first group 90 patients with spinal dysraphism where neurosurgery operations were done and classified types of dysraphism. At myelomeningocele hydrocephalus has dominated and in a percent of appearance and as acute of its active form was 97% of hydrocephalus form where subjected to cerebrospinal liquid derivation with ventriculo -peritoneal shunt in comparison with meningocele we do not have involvation of spinal nerve element, hydrocephalus takes active form with intervention indication in 60% of cases. Reflection in shown deficit aspect is totally different at myelomeningoceles where lower paraplegia dominate more than paraparesis. The second patient operative technique developed by hydrocephalus with neurosurgical intervention indication has to do with placing of (VP) ventriculo- peritoneal system (shant) at myelomeningoceles with hydrocephalus 58 cases and 12 cases meningoceles with hydrocephalus. Post operative meningitis (shant meningitis): from 70 operated cases of hydrocephalus with spinal dysraphism shunts complications from all types are just cases. Finally that appearance of hydrocephalus compared at spinal dysraphism dominate at myellomeningoceles as in notice time aspect, it is persisting and further acute, with vital motivation for neurosurgical intervention.
MacNeil M.A.,Australian Institute of Marine Science |
MacNeil M.A.,Dalhousie University |
MacNeil M.A.,James Cook University |
Graham N.A.J.,James Cook University |
And 11 more authors.
Nature | Year: 2015
Continuing degradation of coral reef ecosystems has generated substantial interest in how management can support reef resilience. Fishing is the primary source of diminished reef function globally, leading to widespread calls for additional marine reserves to recover fish biomass and restore key ecosystem functions. Yet there are no established baselines for determining when these conservation objectives have been met or whether alternative management strategies provide similar ecosystem benefits. Here we establish empirical conservation benchmarks and fish biomass recovery timelines against which coral reefs can be assessed and managed by studying the recovery potential of more than 800 coral reefs along an exploitation gradient. We show that resident reef fish biomass in the absence of fishing (B0) averages ∼1,000 kg ha-1, and that the vast majority (83%) of fished reefs are missing more than half their expected biomass, with severe consequences for key ecosystem functions such as predation. Given protection from fishing, reef fish biomass has the potential to recover within 35 years on average and less than 60 years when heavily depleted. Notably, alternative fisheries restrictions are largely (64%) successful at maintaining biomass above 50% of B0, sustaining key functions such as herbivory. Our results demonstrate that crucial ecosystem functions can be maintained through a range of fisheries restrictions, allowing coral reef managers to develop recovery plans that meet conservation and livelihood objectives in areas where marine reserves are not socially or politically feasible solutions. ©2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
Manukumar H.M.,Pristine |
Thribhuvan K.R.,AGMARK Grading Laboratory
International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences | Year: 2014
This study evaluated, for the physicochemical, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activities using vitro assays of water extracts from juice and seed of commercially grown pomegranate fruit. The fruit weight, fruit length, fruit volume, fruit length and fruit diameter, were in the range of 258.33 g, 264.77 cm3, 72.42 mm and 76.03 mm respectively. Total soluble solids content, pH, titratable acidity and total sugars are matching the literature reviewed. Juice having higher total phenolic content and fewer flavonoid contents and visa versa in seed. Antioxidative property was deliberated based on their free radical scavenging ability and reducing power, in which the juice exerted higher (48% and 310μg/ml) potential than seed (36% and 297 μg/ml) respectively. The investigated results against normal erythrocytes exposed to both heat and hypotonic induced lyses exhibited juice (49.23% and 29.65%) have higher potency than seed (36.25% and 19.57%) at 1mg/ml compared to the standard drug acetyl salicylic acid (64.28% and 52.29%) at 0.1mg/ml respectively.
Surgical Chronicles | Year: 2014
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the predominant histological type, accounting for 70-85% of total liver cancers. Chronic HBV infec-tion is the most prevalent cause of HCC, following by chronic HCV infection. Despite many treatment options for patients with HCC, the mortality rate remains high making HCC the third leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Prognostic algorithms, such as the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) classification, have been introduced in routine clinical care. Although current clinical stag-ing systems provide a rough framework of prognostic classification and treatment decision for HCC, identification of prognostic bi-omarkers could further enhance outcome prediction and treatment selection. A high level of C-reactive protein (CRP) at the time of diagnosis predicts poor long-term survival of patients with HCC. The neutrophil:lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is an independent predictor for prognosis in patients with HCC. The elevation of NLR indicates that host immunity remains low. A decrease in the number of CD4. cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) is closely associated with progressive stages of HCC and poor survival. A high expression level of SALL4, an oncofetal gene, has a worse prognosis in patients with HCC. Future studies, based on large prospective cohorts, are re-quired to validate their prognostic value before they can be translated into clinical use.
Pristine | Date: 2012-03-09
Described herein is a hanging receptacle system comprising a housing and a receptable, wherein the housing is designed to allow the flow of water therethrough, and is adapted for removably receiving the receptacle. The hanging receptacle system is particularly useful for use in a shower for receiving, retaining, and/or disposing of various types of consumed items. The housing may also include a mounting member for hanging from a structure within the shower or a defining the boundaries thereof.