Elsah, IL, United States
Elsah, IL, United States

Principia College is a private liberal arts college in Elsah, Illinois, United States. A four-year coeducational institution, the college was founded in 1912 by Mary Kimball Morgan, and its stated purpose is "to serve the Cause of Christian Science." According to the college, it has no affiliation with the Church of Christ, Scientist, but "the practice of Christian Science is the cornerstone of campus life." Students and staff are practicing Christian Scientists.Principia sits on bluffs overlooking the Mississippi River between Alton and Grafton in the Metro East region of Southern Illinois, thirty miles north of St. Louis. The 2,500 acres acre campus is a designated National Historic Landmark by the United States Department of the Interior Wikipedia.

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News Article | May 5, 2017
Site: www.prweb.com

LearnHowToBecome.org, a leading resource provider for higher education and career information, has released its list of the Best Colleges in Illinois for 2017. 50 four-year colleges were ranked, with Northwestern University, University of Chicago, Bradley University, Illinois Institute of Technology and Augustana College taking the top five spots on the list. 49 two-year schools were also selected; Carl Sandburg College, Illinois Central College, Richland Community College, Rend Lake College and Lincoln Land Community College were the top five. A complete list of schools is included below. “The schools on our list have shown that they offer outstanding educational programs that set students up for post-college success,” said Wes Ricketts, senior vice president of LearnHowToBecome.org. “Students exploring higher education options in Illinois can also look to these schools to provide top-quality resources that help maximize the overall educational experience.” To be included on the “Best Colleges in Illinois” list, all schools must be not-for-profit and regionally accredited. Each college is also evaluated metrics including annual alumni earnings, the opportunity for employment services and academic counseling, the selection of degree programs offered, financial aid availability and graduation rates. Complete details on each college, their individual scores and the data and methodology used to determine the LearnHowToBecome.org “Best Colleges in Illinois” list, visit: The Best Four-Year Colleges in Illinois for 2017 include: Augustana College Aurora University Benedictine University Blackburn College Bradley University Chicago State University Concordia University-Chicago DePaul University Dominican University Eastern Illinois University Elmhurst College Eureka College Governors State University Greenville College Illinois College Illinois Institute of Technology Illinois State University Illinois Wesleyan University Judson University Knox College Lake Forest College Lewis University Loyola University Chicago MacMurray College McKendree University Millikin University Monmouth College National Louis University North Central College North Park University Northern Illinois University Northwestern University Olivet Nazarene University Principia College Quincy University Rockford University Roosevelt University Rush University Saint Xavier University Southern Illinois University-Carbondale Southern Illinois University-Edwardsville Trinity Christian College Trinity International University-Illinois University of Chicago University of Illinois at Chicago University of Illinois at Springfield University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University of St Francis Western Illinois University Wheaton College The Best Two-Year Colleges in Illinois for 2017 include: Black Hawk College Carl Sandburg College City Colleges of Chicago - Harry S Truman College City Colleges of Chicago - Malcolm X College City Colleges of Chicago - Wilbur Wright College City Colleges of Chicago-Harold Washington College City Colleges of Chicago-Kennedy-King College City Colleges of Chicago-Olive-Harvey College City Colleges of Chicago-Richard J Daley College College of DuPage College of Lake County Danville Area Community College Elgin Community College Frontier Community College Harper College Heartland Community College Highland Community College Illinois Central College Illinois Valley Community College John A Logan College John Wood Community College Joliet Junior College Kankakee Community College Kaskaskia College Kishwaukee College Lake Land College Lewis and Clark Community College Lincoln Land Community College Lincoln Trail College MacCormac College McHenry County College Moraine Valley Community College Morton College Oakton Community College Olney Central College Parkland College Prairie State College Rend Lake College Richland Community College Rock Valley College Sauk Valley Community College Shawnee Community College South Suburban College Southeastern Illinois College Southwestern Illinois College Spoon River College Triton College Wabash Valley College Waubonsee Community College ### About Us: LearnHowtoBecome.org was founded in 2013 to provide data and expert driven information about employment opportunities and the education needed to land the perfect career. Our materials cover a wide range of professions, industries and degree programs, and are designed for people who want to choose, change or advance their careers. We also provide helpful resources and guides that address social issues, financial aid and other special interest in higher education. Information from LearnHowtoBecome.org has proudly been featured by more than 700 educational institutions.

Walcott J.,The University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus | Eckert S.,Principia College | Horrocks J.A.,The University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology | Year: 2013

Hawksbill sea turtles (. Eretmochelys imbricata) nesting in Barbados were outfitted with time-depth recorders (TDRs) with temperature sensors to investigate the form and patterns of diving behaviour during the inter-nesting interval (INI; average 14.7. days). All females, regardless of size, surfaced infrequently during dives of average 56. min duration, and the majority of dives (90%) were spent in the bottom phase at 15-25. m depths, which corresponded to the depth of benthic habitat at each location. Diving activity was highest while commuting to and from the nesting beach (about 1-2. days each way), with a level of quiescence during the intermediate period (i.e. the majority of the INI). Despite little thermal variation in seawater at this latitude (13.1°N), the length of the INI was influenced by ambient sea water temperature. Diving behaviour was consistent with females conserving energy reserves built up at foraging grounds prior to arrival at the nesting beach and minimising time spent in the water column away from safe refuge at night. The frequency of surfacing and the depths at which females spend most of their time varies between sites even within one species and may be crucial in managing the risks to animals temporarily residing offshore from important nesting beaches. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Walcott J.,The University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus | Eckert S.,Principia College | Horrocks J.A.,The University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus
Marine Biology | Year: 2012

Hawksbill sea turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) nesting in Barbados (Needham's Point, 13° 04′ 41.33′′ N, 59° 36′ 32.69′′W) were outfitted with GPS dataloggers over three breeding seasons (2008-2010) to track movement during inter-nesting intervals. Most females established spatially restricted resident areas up current and within 7 km of the nesting beach where they spent the majority of the inter-nesting interval. Females nesting earlier in the season settled on shallower sites. Only experienced remigrant turtles occupied the most distant resident areas. Females tracked for multiple inter-nesting intervals exhibited site fidelity, but the area contracted and the activity of females decreased with each successive interval. Hawksbills may trade off site characteristics with distance from the nesting beach and reduce activity over the course of the breeding season to optimise energy reserves during inter-nesting intervals. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.

Knutson H.A.,California Institute of Technology | Lewis N.,University of Arizona | Fortney J.J.,University of California at Santa Cruz | Burrows A.,Princeton University | And 10 more authors.
Astrophysical Journal | Year: 2012

We present new, full-orbit observations of the infrared phase variations of the canonical hot Jupiter HD 189733b obtained in the 3.6 and 4.5 μm bands using the Spitzer Space Telescope. When combined with previous phase curve observations at 8.0 and 24 μm, these data allow us to characterize the exoplanet's emission spectrum as a function of planetary longitude and to search for local variations in its vertical thermal profile and atmospheric composition. We utilize an improved method for removing the effects of intrapixel sensitivity variations and robustly extracting phase curve signals from these data, and we calculate our best-fit parameters and uncertainties using a wavelet-based Markov Chain Monte Carlo analysis that accounts for the presence of time-correlated noise in our data. We measure a phase curve amplitude of 0.1242% ± 0.0061% in the 3.6 μm band and 0.0982% ± 0.0089% in the 4.5 μm band, corresponding to brightness temperature contrasts of 503 ± 21K and 264 ± 24K, respectively. We find that the times of minimum and maximum flux occur several hours earlier than predicted for an atmosphere in radiative equilibrium, consistent with the eastward advection of gas by an equatorial super-rotating jet. The locations of the flux minima in our new data differ from our previous observations at 8 μm, and we present new evidence indicating that the flux minimum observed in the 8 μm is likely caused by an overshooting effect in the 8 μm array. We obtain improved estimates for HD 189733b's dayside planet-star flux ratio of 0.1466% ± 0.0040% in the 3.6 μm band and 0.1787% ± 0.0038% in the 4.5 μm band, corresponding to brightness temperatures of 1328 ± 11K and 1192 ± 9K, respectively; these are the most accurate secondary eclipse depths obtained to date for an extrasolar planet. We compare our new dayside and nightside spectra for HD 189733b to the predictions of one-dimensional radiative transfer models from Burrows etal. and conclude that fits to this planet's dayside spectrum provide a reasonably accurate estimate of the amount of energy transported to the night side. Our 3.6 and 4.5 μm phase curves are generally in good agreement with the predictions of general circulation models for this planet from Showman etal., although we require either excess drag or slower rotation rates in order to match the locations of the measured maxima and minima in the 4.5, 8.0, and 24 μm bands. We find that HD 189733b's 4.5 μm nightside flux is 3.3σ smaller than predicted by these models, which assume that the chemistry is in local thermal equilibrium. We conclude that this discrepancy is best explained by vertical mixing, which should lead to an excess of CO and correspondingly enhanced 4.5 μm absorption in this region. This result is consistent with our constraints on the planet's transmission spectrum, which also suggest excess absorption in the 4.5 μm band at the day-night terminator. © 2012. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

In an effort to better understand how student life activities impact learning, Chalk & Wire, the most trusted higher education assessment platform, announced today that Principia College has expanded its use of their assessment platform. Partnering with Chalk & Wire for the past six years, the private liberal arts college in Elsah, Illinois can now demonstrate student learning outcomes for both academic and co-curricular activities. With Chalk & Wire, Principia College can review student learning data to find out if curriculum changes are successful and making a positive impact. New to the overall assessment program this year, Principia College is now evaluating the outcomes for Athletics and Student Life through student writing, student reflections, and student performance. “Assessment is part of who we are and what we do and Chalk & Wire has been a vital partner in meeting assessment goals," said Libby Scheiern, Associate Dean of Academics, Center for Teaching and Learning Director and Professor for Principia College. “We think it is critical to examine student progress across the board, in both academics and student life, and through our continued work with Chalk & Wire, we can take a holistic look at our growth.” According to Principia College, using Chalk & Wire’s assessment platform helped the institution reaffirm accreditation by the Higher Learning Commission (HLC) of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools. With a market-changing, research-based approach to higher education assessment, Chalk & Wire has helped institutions demonstrate student competency and improve the evaluation of learning outcomes for nearly 20 years. To increase the validity of assessment data, Chalk & Wire’s market-leading assessment platform is built on its CoreValidity™ process, which drives alignment between faculty and leadership through a unified assessment language and raises inter-rater reliability earlier in the process. Chalk & Wire takes a consultative approach to helping institutions prove their value and efficacy as well as their ability to prepare students for their post-graduate pursuits. For more, visit http://www.chalkandwire.com.

Jantz L.A.,National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration | Morishige C.L.,National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration | Morishige C.L.,M Group Inc. | Bruland G.L.,Principia College | Lepczyk C.A.,University of Hawaii at Manoa
Marine Pollution Bulletin | Year: 2013

Plastic marine debris affects species on most trophic levels, including pelagic fish. While plastic debris ingestion has been investigated in planktivorous fish in the North Pacific Ocean, little knowledge exists on piscivorous fish. The objectives of this study were to determine the frequency of occurrence and the composition of ingested plastic marine debris in longnose lancetfish (Alepisaurus ferox), a piscivorous fish species captured in the Hawaii-based pelagic longline fishery. Nearly a quarter (47 of 192) of A. ferox sampled contained plastic marine debris, primarily in the form of plastic fragments (51.9%). No relationship existed between size (silhouette area) or amount of plastic marine debris ingested and morphometrics of A. ferox. Although A. ferox are not consumed by humans, they are common prey for fish commercially harvested for human consumption. Further research is needed to determine residence time of ingested plastic marine debris and behavior of toxins associated with plastic debris. © 2013.

Taylor D.L.,University of Alaska Fairbanks | Herriott I.C.,U.S. Geological Survey | Stone K.E.,U.S. Geological Survey | Mcfarland J.W.,U.S. Geological Survey | And 2 more authors.
Canadian Journal of Forest Research | Year: 2010

This paper outlines molecular analyses of soil fungi within the Bonanza Creek Long Term Ecological Research program. We examined community structure in three studies in mixed upland, black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP), and white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) forests and examined taxa involved in cellulose degradation at one upland site. We found that soil horizon was the factor by which fungal communities were most strongly structured and that predictable turnover in upland fungal species occurred through succession. Communities from consecutive summers were not significantly different, indicating that interannual variation was small in relation to differences between forest types and soil horizons, yet the community at a seasonal study site underwent significant changes within a year. In each study, mycorrhizal fungi dominated the community. Fungi rather than bacteria appeared to dominate [13C]cellulose degradation,with strongest growth in taxa that were not dominant members of the untreated community, including members of the genus Sebacina. Overall, our results point to considerable interannual resilience juxtaposed with narrow niche partitioning and the capacity of individual taxa in these hyperdiverse communities to respond strongly to resource inputs and changes in other abiotic environmental parameters such as temperature. Our data double the cumulative total of fungal sequences in GenBank and together achieve a better picture of fungal communities here than for any other ecosystem on earth at this time.

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