Taylor S.K.,Princess Margaret Hospital Phase II Consortium |
Taylor S.K.,Sunnybrook Odette Cancer Center |
Chia S.,Princess Margaret Hospital Phase II Consortium |
Chia S.,British Columbia Cancer Agency |
And 14 more authors.
Oncologist | Year: 2010
Purpose. Angiogenesis is an important hallmark of breast cancer growth and progression. Pazopanib, an oral small molecule inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, platelet-derived growth factor receptor, and KIT, has activity across a range of solid tumors. We evaluated the activity of singleagent pazopanib in recurrent or metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Patients and Methods. Patients with recurrent breast cancer or MBC, treated with up to two prior lines of chemotherapy, were eligible to receive pazopanib, 800 mg daily until progression. The primary endpoint was the objective response rate as measured by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors. Secondary endpoints included time to progression, the stable disease rate, and toxicity. Using a two-stage design, confirmed response in three of 18 patients was required to proceed to stage 2. Results. Twenty evaluable patients were treated, with a median age of 56 years; 70% were estrogen receptor positive, all were human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 negative. The majority had one or two prior lines of chemotherapy. One patient (5%) had a partial response, 11 (55%) had stable disease (SD) [four (20%) with SD ≥6 months], and seven (35%) had progressive disease as their best response. One (5%) was not evaluable. The median time to progression was 5.3 months. Pazopanib did not cause significant severe toxicity aside from grade 3- 4 transaminitis, hypertension, and neutropenia in three patients each (14% each) and grade 3 gastrointestinal hemorrhage in one patient (5%). Conclusion. Pazopanib provides disease stability in advanced breast cancer. The activity seen is comparable with that of other antiangiogenic agents in this setting. Pazopanib may be of interest for future studies in breast cancer, including in combination with other systemic agents. © AlphaMed Press.
PubMed | Princess Margaret Hospital Phase II Consortium
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2016
5084 Background: Sorafenib (BAY 43-9006; SOR) is a novel multi-targeted kinase inhibitor that targets the RAF/MEK/ERK signaling pathway, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor, platelet-derived growth factor receptor and flt-3. VEGFR is over-expressed in human ovarian tumors and this is associated with poor prognosis. Gemcitabine (GEM) is known to have single-agent activity in recurrent ovarian cancer (OC). A recent phase I study of GEM/SOR has demonstrated manageable toxicity and some objective responses in recurrent OC patients. We have designed a phase II trial to evaluate the efficacy of this novel combination in patients with recurrent OC.A two-stage, phase II clinical trial is underway for women with recurrent or refractory OC. Eligible patients may have received up to 2 prior lines of chemotherapy following recurrence, but must be GEM-naive. The treatment consists of SOR, 400mg PO bid continuously, in combination with GEM, IV weekly, 1000 mg/m26 patients have been enrolled at 3 centers. 84 cycles have been administered (median 3; range 1-10). Median age was 57 (range: 37-77). 42% were ECOG PS 0 and 58% were PS 1. Of 18 patients evaluable for objective response, 1 patient had a confirmed PR by RECIST criteria and 5 patients had a confirmed PR by CA-125 criteria, yielding a combined RR of 33% in evaluable patients (RR by ITT = 23%). An additional 10 patients had SD. The median time to progression is 7.6 months (95% CI: 5.6-NA). 7 patients are inevaluable for objective response due to the following in cycle 1: withdrawal of consent (3), toxicity (2), and clinical PD (2). 1 patient on-study is yet to have a response evaluation. Grade 3 or 4 toxicities seen in more than 2 patients include: lymphopenia (8), thrombocytopenia (6), hypertension (3), hand-foot syndrome (3), pain (3), neutropenia (3) and hypokalemia (3).The preliminary results show encouraging activity with tolerable toxicity. This trial continues to accrue into a second stage. No significant financial relationships to disclose.