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Apeldoorn, Netherlands

Carroll W.D.,Derbyshire Childrens Hospital | Wildhaber J.,HFR | Brand P.L.P.,Princess Amalia Childrens Clinic | Brand P.L.P.,University of Groningen
European Respiratory Journal | Year: 2012

The aim of our study was to determine how often asthma control is achieved in children and adolescents, and how asthma affects parents' and children's daily lives. Interviews, including the childhood asthma control test (C-ACT), were conducted with 1,284 parents of asthmatic children (aged 4-15 yrs), as well as with the children themselves (aged 8-15 yrs; n=943), in Canada, Greece, Hungary, the Netherlands, South Africa and the UK. Parents reported mild asthma attacks at least weekly in 11% of children, and serious attacks (requiring oral corticosteroids or hospitalisation) at least annually in 35%. Although 73% of parents described their child's asthma as mild or intermittent, 40% of children/adolescents had C-ACT scores ≤19, indicating inadequate control, and only 14.7% achieved complete Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA)-defined control and just 9.2% achieved Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN)/British Thoracic Society (BTS)-defined control. Guideline-defined asthma control was significantly less common than well-controlled asthma using the C-ACT (p<0.001). Asthma restricted the child's activities in 39% of families and caused lifestyle changes in 70%. Complete asthma control is uncommon in children worldwide. Guideline-defined control measures appear to be more stringent than those defined by C-ACT or families. Overall, parents underestimate their child's asthma severity and overestimate asthma control. This is a major potential barrier to successful asthma treatment in children. Copyright©ERS 2012. Source


Brand P.L.P.,Princess Amalia Childrens Clinic | Brand P.L.P.,University of Groningen | Stiggelbout A.M.,Leiden University
Paediatric Respiratory Reviews | Year: 2013

Paediatricians spend a considerable proportion of their time performing follow-up visits for children with chronic conditions, but they rarely receive specific training on how best to perform such consultations. The traditional method of running a follow-up consultation is based on the doctor's agenda, and is problem-oriented. Patients and parents, however, prefer a patient-centered, and solution-focused approach. Although many physicians now recognize the importance of addressing the patient's perspective in a follow-up consultation, a number of barriers hamper its implementation in practice, including time constraints, lack of appropriate training, and a strong tradition of the biomedical, doctor-centered approach. Addressing the patient's perspective successfully can be achieved through shared decision making, clinicians and patients making decisions together based on the best clinical evidence. Research shows that shared decision making not only increases patient, parent, and physician satisfaction with the consultation, but also may improve health outcomes. Shared decision making involves building a physician-patient-parent partnership, agreeing on the problem at hand, laying out the available options with their benefits and risks, eliciting the patient's views and preferences on these options, and agreeing on a course of action. Shared decision making requires specific communication skills, which can be learned, and should be mastered through deliberate practice. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Brand P.L.P.,Princess Amalia Childrens Clinic | Brand P.L.P.,University of Groningen
Paediatric Respiratory Reviews | Year: 2011

Although montelukast is claimed to be preferable to inhaled corticosteroids in children with asthma and allergic rhinitis, virus-induced exacerbations, exercise induced asthma, and in those experiencing difficulties with inhalation therapy, there is no scientific evidence to support any of these claims. In comparative trials and systematic reviews, inhaled corticosteroids are clearly more effective than montelukast in reducing asthma exacerbations, improving lung function, symptom scores, and rescue medication use. The effects on exercise induced bronchoconstriction appear to be similar. Because of their superior efficacy and excellent long-term efficacy and safety profile, inhaled corticosteroids are the treatment of first choice for the maintenance therapy of childhood asthma, irrespective of age or clinical phenotype. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Fouzas S.,University of Patras | Brand P.L.P.,Princess Amalia Childrens Clinic | Brand P.L.P.,University of Groningen
Paediatric Respiratory Reviews | Year: 2013

Since preschool wheezing is the common expression of several heterogeneous disorders, identification of children at risk for persistent asthma is particularly challenging. To date, efforts to predict the outcome of preschool wheeze have mainly relied on predictive rules consisting of simple clinical and laboratory parameters. Among these tools, the asthma predictive index (API) has been introduced in international guidelines and position papers and is recommended for use in clinical practice. This article reviews the currently available asthma predictive models focusing on their validity and performance characteristics. Although these tools are generally simple and easy to apply, they suffer important intrinsic and practical limitations and they have been insufficiently validated to allow for widespread use in clinical settings. We also present evidence that their ability to predict the long-term outcome of preschool wheeze is limited in general populations, and even poorer in high-risk children in which prediction of asthma persistence might have important clinical and prognostic implications. Due to the complex and multifactorial nature of asthma, prediction of asthma persistence based on simple clinical models is practically impossible. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Klok T.,Princess Amalia Childrens Clinic | Kaptein A.A.,Leiden University | Duiverman E.J.,University of Groningen | Brand P.L.,Princess Amalia Childrens Clinic
European Respiratory Journal | Year: 2012

Our aim was to study determinants of adherence in young asthmatic children over a 3-month period, including the role of parental illness and medication perceptions as determinants of adherence. Consecutive 2-6-yr-old children with asthma, using inhaled corticosteroids (ICS), followed-up at our paediatric asthma clinic (where patients are being extensively trained in self-management, and are followed-up closely) were enrolled. Adherence was measured electronically using a Smartinhaler1 and calculated as a percentage of the prescribed dose. We examined the association of adherence to a range of putative determinants, including clinical characteristics and parental perceptions about illness and medication. Median (interquartile range) adherence, measured over 3 months in 93 children, was 92 (76- 97)%, and most children had well controlled asthma. 94% of parents expressed the view that giving ICS to their child would protect him/her from becoming worse. Adherence was significantly associated with asthma control and with parental perceptions about medication. The high adherence rate observed in our study was associated with parental perceptions about ICS need. The high perceived need of ICS may probably be ascribed to the organisation of asthma care (with repeated tailored education and close follow-up). Copyright © 2012 ERS. Source

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