Grifantini R.,Externautics |
Pagani M.,PRIMM |
Pierleoni A.,Externautics |
Grandi A.,Externautics |
And 15 more authors.
Journal of Proteomics | Year: 2011
The YOMICS™ antibody library (http://www.yomics.com/) presented in this article is a new collection of 1559 murine polyclonal antibodies specific for 1287 distinct human proteins. This antibody library is designed to target marginally characterized membrane-associated and secreted proteins. It was generated against human proteins annotated as transmembrane or secreted in GenBank, EnsEMBL, Vega and Uniprot databases, described in no or very few dedicated PubMed-linked publications. The selected proteins/protein regions were expressed in E. coli, purified and used to raise antibodies in the mouse. The capability of YOMICS™ antibodies to specifically recognize their target proteins either as recombinant form or as expressed in cells and tissues was confirmed through several experimental approaches, including Western blot, confocal microscopy and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Moreover, to show the applicability of the library for biomarker investigation by IHC, five antibodies against proteins either known to be expressed in some cancers or homologous to tumor-associated proteins were tested on tissue microarrays carrying tumor and normal tissues from breast, colon, lung, ovary and prostate. A consistent differential expression in cancer was observed. Our results indicate that the YOMICS™ antibody library is a tool for systematic protein expression profile analysis that nicely complements the already available commercial antibody collections. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Moro M.,CNR Institute of Molecular Genetics |
Crosti M.,CNR Institute of Molecular Genetics |
Creo P.,CNR Institute of Molecular Genetics |
Gallina P.,CNR Institute of Molecular Genetics |
And 13 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012
The identification of new markers, the expression of which defines new phenotipically and functionally distinct cell subsets, is a main objective in cell biology. We have addressed the issue of identifying new cell specific markers with a reverse proteomic approach whereby approximately 1700 human open reading frames encoding proteins predicted to be transmembrane or secreted have been selected in silico for being poorly known, cloned and expressed in bacteria. These proteins have been purified and used to immunize mice with the aim of obtaining polyclonal antisera mostly specific for linear epitopes. Such a library, made of about 1600 different polyclonal antisera, has been obtained and screened by flow cytometry on cord blood derived CD34+CD45dim cells and on peripheral blood derived mature lymphocytes (PBLs). We identified three new proteins expressed by fractions of CD34+CD45dim cells and eight new proteins expressed by fractions of PBLs. Remarkably, we identified proteins the presence of which had not been demonstrated previously by transcriptomic analysis. From the functional point of view, looking at new proteins expressed on CD34+CD45dim cells, we identified one cell surface protein (MOSC-1) the expression of which on a minority of CD34+ progenitors marks those CD34+CD45dim cells that will go toward monocyte/granulocyte differentiation. In conclusion, we show a new way of looking at the membranome by assessing expression of generally neglected proteins with a library of polyclonal antisera, and in so doing we have identified new potential subsets of hematopoietic progenitors and of mature PBLs. © 2012 Moro et al.