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Chang H.-M.,Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital | Yu H.-H.,National Taiwan University Hospital | Yang Y.-H.,National Taiwan University Hospital | Lee W.-I.,Primary Immunodeficiency Care And Research PICAR Institute | And 4 more authors.
Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal | Year: 2012

Chronic granulomatous disease is a genetic disorder characterized by defects in the ability of the phagocytes to kill ingested microbes, leading to recurrent bacterial and fungal infections. Vertebral osteomyelitis complicated by an epidural abscess from aspergillosis is rare. We report a case of Aspergillus spondylodiscitis with an epidural abscess in a 17-year-old autosomal recessive chronic granulomatous disease patient. © 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Liu C.-H.,Taichung Armed Forces General Hospital | Liu C.-H.,China Medical University at Taichung | Wu K.-H.,China Medical University at Taichung | Lin T.-Y.,China Medical University at Taichung | And 4 more authors.
International Urology and Nephrology | Year: 2013

The pathogenesis of renal involvement in Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is unclear and renal outcome is generally poor in such situations. Here we present the case of an 8-year-old boy with WAS who developed hematuria, proteinuria, and declining renal function that did not improve with the combined use of immunosuppressive agents and angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor. Renal pathology revealed IgA nephropathy (IgAN). The patient underwent splenectomy for refractory thrombocytopenia. The proteinuria remitted and renal function improved after splenectomy, long-term antibiotic prophylaxis, and tapering of immunosuppressive agents. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, B.V. Source

Lee W.-I.,Primary Immunodeficiency Care And Research PICAR Institute | Huang J.-L.,Primary Immunodeficiency Care And Research PICAR Institute | Chan K.-C.,Chang Gung University | Shih Y.-F.,Primary Immunodeficiency Care And Research PICAR Institute | Tseng T.-Y.,Primary Immunodeficiency Care And Research PICAR Institute
Clinical Genetics | Year: 2015

Kabuki or Niikawa-Kuroki syndrome (KS) is a rare disorder with multiple malformations and recurrent infections, especially otitis media. This study aimed to investigate the genetic defects in Kabuki syndrome and determine if immune status is related to recurrent otitis media. Fourteen patients from 12 unrelated families were enrolled in the 9-year study period (2005-2013). All had Kabuki faces, cleft palate, developmental delay, mental retardation, and the short fifth finger. Recurrent otitis media (12/14) and hearing impairment (8/14) were also more common features. Immunologic analysis revealed lower memory CD19+ cells (11/13), lower memory CD4+ cells (8/13), undetectable anti-HBs antibodies (7/13), and antibody deficiency (7/13), including lower IgA (4), IgG (2), and IgG2 (1). Naïve emigrant lymphocytes, lymphocyte proliferation function, complement activity, and superoxide production in polymorphonuclear cells were all normal. All the patients had KMT2D mutations and 10 novel mutations of R1252X, R1757X,Y1998C, P2550R fs2604X, Q4013X, G5379X, E5425K, R5432X, R5432W, and R5500W. Resembling the phenotype of common variable immunodeficiency, KS patients with antibody deficiency, decreased memory cells, and poor vaccine response increased susceptibility to recurrent otitis media. Large-scale prospective studies are warranted to determine if regular immunoglobulin supplementation decreases the frequency of otitis media and severity of hearing impairment. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

Lee W.-I.,Primary Immunodeficiency Care And Research PICAR Institute | Lee W.-I.,Chang Gung University | Huang J.-L.,Primary Immunodeficiency Care And Research PICAR Institute | Huang J.-L.,Chang Gung University | And 13 more authors.
Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal | Year: 2013

Objectives: Hyper IgM syndrome (HIGM), characterized by recurrent infections, low serum IgG and IgA, normal or elevated IgM, defective class switch recombination and somatic hypermutation, are heterogeneous disorders with at least 6 distinct molecular defects, including the CD40 ligand (CD40L) and the nuclear factor κB essential modulator (NEMO, also known as IKKγ) genes (both X-linked), the CD40, activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AICDA or AID), uracil-DNA glycosylase genes (autosomal recessive) and IκBγ (IKBA) (autosomal dominant). Our objective was to determine the molecular basis and clinical features of Taiwanese patients with the HIGM phenotype. Methods: Clinical manifestations and candidate genes were analyzed in a nationwide population-based study. Results: Among 14 patients (12 unrelated families) since 2003, 10 patents were identified (8 families) with CD40L mutations, including 2 novel deletions of "A" nucleotide (Del 347A and Del 366A), both frameshift and stop at the 127th location; 1 novel AID deletion mutation lack of the 37thAsp and 38th Ser; 1 ataxia-telangiectasia mutation; and 1 deletion of chromosome 1q42. An adult-onset patient with mutant (Thr254Met)CD40L had approximately 30% detectable affinity and therefore less severity. Memory B cells decreased in patients with CD40L and activation-induced cytidine deaminase mutations. Three mortalities encompassed renal cell carcinoma in 1 patient with (Tyr169Asn)CD40L, pneumothorax in 1 with (Tyr140Stop) CD40L and pneumonia after chemotherapy in an ataxia-telangiectasia patient. One patient without detectable genetic defects but normal lymphocyte proliferation resembled the mild form of common variable immune deficiency phenotype. Conclusions: In contrast to those with AICDA mutation, small chromosome 1 q42 deletion and unknown genetic defect, the majority (10/14; 71.4%) with CD40L mutations except (Thr254Met) and an ataxia-telangiectasia patient had the severe form of HIGM phenotype. Copyright © 2013 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Lee W.-I.,Primary Immunodeficiency Care And Research PICAR Institute | Lee W.-I.,Chang Gung University | Lin J.-J.,Chang Gung University | Hsieh M.-Y.,Chang Gung University | And 10 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening, virus-triggered immune disease. Hypersensitivity to mosquito bite (HMB), a presentation of Chronic Active Epstein-Barr Virus infection (CAEBV), may progress to HLH. This study aimed to investigate the immunologic difference between the HMB episodes and the HLH episodes associated with EBV infection. Immunologic changes of immunoglobulins, lymphocyte subsets, cytotoxicity, intracellular perforin and granzyme expressions, EBV virus load and known candidate genes for hereditary HLH were evaluated and compared. In 12 HLH episodes (12 patients) and 14 HMB episodes (4 patients), there were both decreased percentages of CD4+ and CD8+ and increased memory CD4+ and activated (CD2+HLADR+) lymphocytes. In contrast to HMB episodes that had higher IgE levels and EBV virus load predominantly in NK cells, those HLH episodes with virus load predominantly in CD3+ lymphocyte had decreased perforin expression and cytotoxicity that were recovered in the convalescence period. However, there was neither significant difference of total virus load in these episodes nor candidate genetic mutations responsible for hereditary HLH. In conclusion, decreased perforin expression in the HLH episodes with predominant-CD3+ EBV virus load is distinct from those HMB episodes with predominant-NK EBV virus load. Whether the presence of non-elevated memory CD4+ cells or activated lymphocytes (CD2+HLADR+) increases the mortality rate in the HLH episodes remains to be further warranted through larger-scale studies. © 2013 Lee et al. Source

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