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Wei B.,Nanjing Medical University | Han Q.,Nanjing Medical University | Xu L.,Nanjing Medical University | Zhang X.,Nanjing Medical University | And 9 more authors.
BMC Cancer | Year: 2015

Background: DNA damage repair genes JWA, XRCC1 and BRCA1 were associated with clinical outcomes and could convert the response to the cisplatin-based therapy in some carcinomas. The synergistic effects of JWA, XRCC1 and BRCA1 mRNA expression on personalized therapy remain unknown in advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Methods: We employed quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) to determine the expression of JWA, XRCC1 and BRCA1 mRNA in paraffin-embedded specimen from 172 patients with advanced ESCC who underwent the first-line cisplatin-or docetaxel-based treatments. Results: High JWA or XRCC1mRNA expression was correlated with longer median overall survival (mOS) in all the patients (both P < 0.001) or in subgroups with different regimens (all P < 0.05), but not correlated with response rate (RR, all P > 0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that high JWA (HR 0.22; 95% CI 0.13-0.37; P < 0.001) or XRCC1 (HR 0.36; 95% CI 0.21-0.63; P < 0.001) mRNA expression emerged as the independent prognostic factors for ESCC patients in this cohort. But no significant difference in prognostic efficacy was found between JWA plus XRCC1 and JWA alone through ROC analysis. Further subgroup analysis showed cisplatin-based treatments could improve mOS of patients with low JWA expression (P < 0.05), especially in those with low BRCA1 expression simultaneously (P < 0.001); while in patients with high JWA expression, high BRCA1 mRNA expression was correlated with increased mOS in docetaxel-based treatments (P = 0.044). Conclusion: JWA, XRCC1and BRCA1 mRNA expression could be used as predictive markers in molecular staging for personalized therapy in patients with advanced ESCC who received first-line cisplatin- or docetaxel-based treatments. © 2015 Wei et al. Source


Zhang T.,Nanjing Medical University | Zhang T.,Prevention and Treatment Cancer Center | Zou P.,Nanjing Medical University | Wang T.,Nanjing Medical University | And 4 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2016

Our previous studies have demonstrated overexpression of Mcl-1 in cervical cancer tumorigenesis. However, the molecular mechanism of its overexpression remains not elucidated. MiR-320 has been reported to be down-regulated in various types of cancer, and bioinformatics prediction indicated that it may regulate the expression of Mcl-1. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of miR-320 and its target gene Mcl-1 in cervical cancer progression and to assess their clinical significance. miR-320 and Mcl-1 expressions in human cervical cancer tissues were investigated by qRT-PCR, in situ hybridization, and immunohistochemical staining, respectively. The clinicopathological implications of these molecules were analyzed. Bioinformatic prediction and luciferase assays were employed to identify the predicted microRNA (miRNA) which regulates Mcl-1. The apoptosis, proliferation, migration, and invasion assays were performed to investigate the effect of miR-320 on the cervical cancer cells. MiR-320 expression is significantly down-regulated versus Mcl-1 expression is up-regulated in cervical cancer tissues compared with normal controls with a negative correlation between them. Luciferase assay showed that miR-320 negatively regulates Mcl-1 expression. In addition, miR-320 induces apoptosis via down-regulation of Mcl-1 and activation of caspase-3 but inhibits cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and tumorigenesis in cervical cancer cells. Our studies show that miR-320 expression is decreased in cervical cancer, and its expression is negatively correlated with Mcl-1 expression in cervical cancer. In addition, miR-320 inhibits cervical cancer progression by down-regulation of Mcl-1. These results indicate that miR-320 may be an important biomarker and target for diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer patient. © 2016 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) Source


Xue Y.,Prevention and Treatment Cancer Center | Xue Y.,Key Laboratory of Modern Toxicology | Gu D.,Nanjing Medical University | Ma G.,Prevention and Treatment Cancer Center | And 11 more authors.
Mutagenesis | Year: 2015

Long non-coding RNA HOX transcript antisenseRNA (HOTAIR) has been widely identified to participate in tumour pathogenesis, acting as a promoter in colorectal cancer carcinogenesis. However, the association between genetic variants in HOTAIR and cancer risk has not yet been reported. In the present study, we performed a two-stage case-control study to investigate the association between HOTAIR tagSNPs and the risk of colorectal cancer. We found that individuals with rs7958904 CC genotype had a significantly decreased risk of colorectal cancer in both Stage 1 and 2, compared with those carrying GG genotype [odds ratio (OR) = 0.70, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.51-0.97 in Stage 1; OR = 0.58, 95% CI = 0.37-0.91 in Stage 2; OR = 0.67, 95% CI = 0.51-0.87 in combined stage]. The subsequently stratified analyses showed that the protective effect of rs7958904 was more pronounced in several subgroups. In summary, our study showed that genetic variants in HOTAIR were associated with risk of colorectal cancer and rs7958904 may act as a potential biomarker for predicting the risk of colorectal cancer. © 2015 The Author. Source

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