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Alfenas de Paula R.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Niemeyer de Freitas Ribeiro B.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Bahia P.R.V.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Niemeyer de Freitas Ribeiro R.,Routine Physician at Hospital de Clinicas de Jacarepagua | Balbi de Carvalho L.,President Antonio Carlos University
Radiologia Brasileira | Year: 2014

Parry-Romberg syndrome is a rare disease characterized by progressive hemifacial atrophy associated with other systemic changes, including neurological symptoms. Currently, there are few studies exploring the utilization of advanced magnetic resonance sequences in the investigation of this disease. The authors report the case of a 45-year-old patient and describe the findings at structural magnetic resonance imaging and at advanced sequences, correlating them with pathophysiological data. © Colégio Brasileiro de Radiologia e Diagnóstico por Imagem. Source

Laizo A.,President Antonio Carlos University | Delgado F.E.F.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Rocha G.M.,UNIPAC campus VI
Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery | Year: 2010

Objective: To present the complications that prolong the stay in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of the patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed records of 85 patients undergoing cardiac surgery during the period of March to May 2009, at the Santa Casa de Misericordia de Juiz de Fora (MG), and, of these patients we studied 14 (16.47%) who stayed for more than five days in ICU. Amongst the 85 patients, there were three deaths, being two patients operated on an emergency basis, which increases morbidity, and one patient who remained in the hospital and under mechanical ventilation (MV) for 21 days. Results: The study showed that complications that increased the length of stay in ICU were respiratory and metabolic disorders, according to the literature. Conclusion: The complications that increase length of stay in ICU are related to respiratory function, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, smoking, lung congestion, prolonged switch-off from MV, diabetes, infections, kidney failure, stroke and hemodynamic instability. Source

Souza M.M.,Federal University of Vicosa | Ladeira M.K.,President Antonio Carlos University
Check List | Year: 2011

Records of the freshwater hidrozoan Craspedacusta sowerbii remain scarce to Brazil. This note reports the occurrence C. sowerbii in an artificial limestone lake, at Prados, Minas Gerais, representing the second record of the species in the state over the last 72 years. © 2011 Check List and Authors. Source

Moreira L.E.,President Antonio Carlos University | Cairncross S.,London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases | Year: 2014

Background:In Brazil, about two million people living in rural semiarid regions were benefited with the construction of rainwater cement cisterns, as an initiative from the program "One Million Cisterns" (P1MC). Nevertheless, few epidemiological studies have been conducted to assess health risks or protection effects associated with consumption of this water source. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether access to rainwater harvesting cisterns is associated with the decrease in the occurrence of Giardia duodenalis infections in children, compared to other children living in households supplied by other water sources.Methodology/Principal Findings:A quasi-experimental study with two concurrent cohorts was developed in two rural municipalities of the semiarid region of Brazil. A sample of 664 children, aged between 4 months and 5 years old, was followed up, of which 332 had access to rainwater cisterns (cistern group) and 332 did not, having water supplied from alternative sources (comparison group). In a period of approximately one year (2010) intestinal parasites were investigated in feces three times. The prevalence of G. duodenalis in children from the cistern group ranged from 4.8 to 10.5%, while the prevalence in the comparison group ranged from 7.6 to 16.7%. Multivariate analysis (GEE) showed a higher risk of G. duodenalis infection in children who did not have access to rainwater cisterns, when compared to children who did (OR 1.72; 95% CI 1.14-2.59). The other variables associated with G. duodenalis infection were: number of rooms per house (OR 0.89; 95% CI 0.80-0.99); family income (OR0.48; 95% CI 0.26-0.88); birth order (OR 1.72; 95% CI 1.17-2.51); preterm children (OR 1.70; 95% CI 1.19-2.43); and improper hand hygiene prior to food preparation (OR 4.78; 95% CI 1.95-11.76).Conclusions/Significance:Ownership of a rainwater cistern is associated with a lower prevalence of G. duodenalis infection in children after adjustment for environmental and family-related factors. Nevertheless, the study suggests the necessity to complement physical interventions with actions related to personal and domestic hygiene to enable further reductions in parasite infections affecting mainly the underprivileged populations. © 2014 Fonseca et al. Source

dos Santos J.P.,Federal University of Uberlandia | Lima-Ribeiro A.M.C.,Federal University of Uberlandia | Oliveira P.R.,Federal University of Uberlandia | dos Santos M.P.,University of Uberaba | And 3 more authors.
Tropical Animal Health and Production | Year: 2012

The prevalence of Leptospirosis in goat herds of the State of Minas Gerais has seldom been studied. The present research had as its objectives: (1) investigate the seroprevalence of Leptospirosis in the county of Uberlândia, MG, (2) verify the Leptospirosis serovars, and (3) identify the risk factors associated with infection on the farms examined. Serum samples from 230 animals in 11 properties were tested using the microscopic agglutination test. An epidemiological examination furnished data for analysis regarding the risk factors. The prevalence of Leptospirosis was found to be 31.3% with variation from 1:100 to 1:800. The most frequent serovars were: Autumnalis (30.30%), Tarassovi (19.20%), Pyrogenes (13.13%), and Icterohaemorrhagiae (11.11%). The ages and races of the animals were among the risk factors found to be significantly correlated (P < 0.05) with infection. At the farm level, the intensity of production, use of salaried workers, and association of other animals were all found to be related with the frequency of Leptospirosis. The results demonstrated that inadequate management was a factor which favored the occurrence of infection in the region of the study. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source

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