Presidency University of India
Kolkata, India

Presidency University, Kolkata, formerly Hindu College and Presidency College, is a public state university located in Kolkata, West Bengal.The college was established in 1817 by Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Raja Radhakanta Deb, Maharaja Tejchandra Ray of Burdwan, David Hare, Justice Sir Edward Hyde East, Prasanna Coomar Tagore and Babu Buddinath Mukherjee.Established as the Mahapathshala wing of Hindu College, it was renamed Presidency College, i.e., the college of the Bengal Presidency, in 1855. In 2010, under the Chief Ministership of Buddhadeb Bhattacharya, a former student of the college, it was upgraded to the status of a full university by the Presidency University Act, 2010 passed in the West Bengal Legislative Assembly. The longest serving Principal of Presidency College was J. Sutcliff, who was its principal intermittently for 20 years, from 1852-1875. Wikipedia.

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Dey A.,Presidency University of India
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research | Year: 2011

Achyranthes aspera L. (Amaranthaceae) has long been used in different systems of medicine in the treatment of cancer, leprosy, asthma, fistula, piles, arthritis, wound, insect and snake bite, dandruff, hepatitis, renal disorders, dermatological disorders, gynecological disorders, gonorrhea, malaria, fever, cough, diabetes, pyorrhea, dysentery, opthalmia, rabies, hysteria, toothache etc. The plant has been used as antimicrobial, larvicidal, antifertility, immunostimulant, hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, diuretic, cardiac stimulant, antihypertensive, anti-anasacra, analgesic, antipyretic, antinoiceptive, prothyrodic, antispasmodic and hepatoprotective. The current review deals with the enormous amount of scientific research and reports available in different aspects of this plant involving phytochemistry and pharmacology. This review also includes reports on morphology, anatomy, ecology, plant pathology, tissue culture, chromosome study and medicinal uses of the plant.

Dey A.,Presidency University of India | De J.N.,Charuchandra College
Journal of Ethnopharmacology | Year: 2012

Ethnopharmacological relevance: An ethnobotanical survey was conducted in the remote hills, forests and rural areas of Purulia, one of the tribal rich districts of the West Bengal state of eastern India. Purulia is a part of the biogeographic zone Deccan Peninsula Chhotonagpur. The authors have reported the use of medicinal plants by nine tribes of the district against various gastrointestinal disorders. Materials and methods: Semi structured questionnaire was used during the interview with the informants having traditional botanical knowledge. Bhumijs, Birhor, Gond, Ho, Kharia, Mal Pahariya, Mundas, Oraon and Santhali represent the various aboriginal groups present in the district. The use of medicinal plants were documented using an interview data sheet mentioning the names, age, profession and gender of the informants and scientific and vernacular names, families, part(s) used, disease(s) treated, method of preparation, mode of administration of the botanicals and the preparations. Results: A total number of 56 plants belonging to 29 families have been reported to be used against different types of gastrointestinal disorders viz. indigestion, stomach pain, vomiting tendency, constipation, piles, diarrhea, dysentery, cholera, loss of appetite, liver complaints, intestinal worms etc. Fabaceae and Apocynaceae were found to be the dominant families of medicinal plants used to treat such ailments. Conclusion: Age, gender, literacy and profession of the aboriginals were found to be the significant factors when the traditional knowledge of medicinal botanicals was concerned. Due to urbanization and loss of biodiversity, the authors have noted a significant decrease in the ethnic knowledge as well as the botanicals. Preservation of folklore should be given utmost importance in this region to prevent the rapid loss of ethnobotanical wealth. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Saha A.,Presidency University of India | Robertson E.S.,University of Pennsylvania
Future Microbiology | Year: 2013

For over 40 years, EBV infection has been implicated in the etiology of a variety of lymphoid malignancies with the exceptional ability to drive resting B cells to continuously proliferate by successfully overriding cellular apoptotic stimuli. EBV utilizes the normal physiology of B-cell differentiation to persist within the memory B-cell pool of the immunocompetent host and subsequently establishes a life-long latent infection. During latency, out of a subset of viral genes expressed, EBNA-3C is one of the essential antigens required for in vitro primary B-cell transformation. EBNA-3C acts as a transcriptional coregulator by interacting with various cellular and viral factors. For the last 10 years, we have been actively engaged in discerning the biological significance of these interactions and revealed that EBNA-3C primarily targets two important cellular pathways - cell cycle and apoptosis. This review aims to summarize our current knowledge on EBNA-3C-mediated functions and describe how EBNA-3C seizes these cellular pathways that eventually promote B-cell lymphomagenesis. A scrupulous understanding of the critical relationship between EBNA-3C and these cellular machineries will not only aid in elucidating EBV pathogenesis, but also largely facilitate the development of novel diagnostic, as well as therapeutic, strategies against a vast range of EBV-associated B-cell lymphomas. © 2013 Future Medicine Ltd.

Gupta B.,Presidency University of India | Huang B.,Rutgers University
International Journal of Genomics | Year: 2014

Salinity is a major abiotic stress limiting growth and productivity of plants in many areas of the world due to increasing use of poor quality of water for irrigation and soil salinization. Plant adaptation or tolerance to salinity stress involves complex physiological traits, metabolic pathways, and molecular or gene networks. A comprehensive understanding on how plants respond to salinity stress at different levels and an integrated approach of combining molecular tools with physiological and biochemical techniques are imperative for the development of salt-tolerant varieties of plants in salt-affected areas. Recent research has identified various adaptive responses to salinity stress at molecular, cellular, metabolic, and physiological levels, although mechanisms underlying salinity tolerance are far from being completely understood. This paper provides a comprehensive review of major research advances on biochemical, physiological, and molecular mechanisms regulating plant adaptation and tolerance to salinity stress. © 2014 Bhaskar Gupta and Bingru Huang.

Mukherjee P.K.,Presidency University of India
Journal of Physical Chemistry B | Year: 2012

Experimental studies have shown that the gauche molecular conformations and the chain configurations play an important role in determining the structures and the phase transitions of the different rotator phases of n-alkanes. We extend our previous phenomenological theory to describe the effect of gauche defects and molecular flexibility on the various rotator phase transitions of n-alkanes. The roles of gauche defects and molecular flexibility are discussed by means of phenomenological theory. The effect of gauche defects and molecular flexibility is to modify the Landau coefficients and to shift the transition lines in the phase diagram. The theoretical predictions are found to be in good qualitative agreement with available experimental results. © 2012 American Chemical Society.

Acharyya M.,Presidency University of India
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials | Year: 2011

The dynamical responses of Ising metamagnet (layered antiferromagnet) in the presence of a sinusoidally oscillating magnetic field are studied by Monte Carlo simulation. The time average staggered magnetisation plays the role of dynamic order parameter. A dynamical phase transition was observed and a phase diagram was plotted in the plane formed by field amplitude and temperature. The dynamical phase boundary is observed to shrink inward as the relative antiferromagnetic strength decreases. The results are compared with that obtained from pure ferromagnetic system. The shape of dynamic phase boundary observed to be qualitatively similar to that obtained from previous meanfield calculations. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Acharyya M.,Presidency University of India
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials | Year: 2013

The dynamical steady state behaviour of the random field Ising ferromagnet swept by a propagating magnetic field wave is studied at zero temperature by Monte Carlo simulation in two dimensions. The distribution of the random field is bimodal type. For a fixed set of values of the frequency, wavelength and amplitude of propagating magnetic field wave and the strength of the random field, four distinct dynamical steady states or nonequilibrium phases were identified. These four nonequilibrium phases are characterised by different values of structure factors. State or phase of first kind, where all spins are parallel (up). This phase is a frozen or pinned where the propagating field has no effect. The second one is the propagating type, where the sharp strips formed by parallel spins are found to move coherently. The third one is also propagating type, where the boundary of the strips of spins is not very sharp. The fourth kind shows no propagation of strips of magnetic spins, forming a homogeneous distribution of up and down spins. This is disordered phase. The existence of these four dynamical phases or modes depends on the value of the amplitude of propagating magnetic field wave and the strength of random (static) field. A phase diagram has also been drawn, in the plane formed by the amplitude of propagating field and the strength of random field. It is also checked that the existence of these dynamical phases is neither a finite size effect nor a transient phenomenon. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Acharyya M.,Presidency University of India
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials | Year: 2014

The dynamical responses of a ferromagnetic film to a propagating spherical electromagnetic wave passing through it are studied by Monte Carlo simulation of two dimensional Ising ferromagnet. For a fixed set of values of the frequency and wavelength of the spherical EM wave, and depending on the values of amplitude of the EM wave and temperature of the system, three different modes are identified. The static pinned mode, the localised dynamical breathing mode and extended dynamical spreading mode are observed. The nonequilibrium dynamical-symmetry-breaking breathing and spreading phase transitions are also observed and the transition temperatures are obtained as functions of the amplitude of the magnetic field of EM wave. A comprehensive phase diagram is drawn. The boundaries of breathing and spreading transitions merge eventually at the equilibrium transition temperature for two dimensional Ising ferromagnet as the value of the amplitude of the magnetic field becomes vanishingly small. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Acharyya M.,Presidency University of India
Acta Physica Polonica B | Year: 2014

The dynamical responses of ferromagnet to the propagating electromagnetic field wave passing through it are modelled and studied here by Monte Carlo simulation in the two-dimensional Ising model. Here, the electromagnetic wave is linearly polarised in such a way that the direction of magnetic field is parallel to that of the magnetic spins. The coherent spin-cluster propagating mode is observed. The time average magnetisation over the full cycle (time) of the field defines the order parameter of the dynamic phase transition. Depending on the value of the temperature and the amplitude of the propagating magnetic field wave, a dynamical phase transition is observed. The transition is detected by studying the temperature dependences of the variance of the dynamic order parameter, the derivative of the dynamic order parameter and the dynamic specific heat. The phase boundary of the dynamic transitions are drawn for two different values of the wave length of the propagating magnetic field wave. The phase boundary is observed to shrink (inward) for shorter wavelength of the EM wave. The signature of the divergence of the relevant length scale is observed at the transition point.

The discussion of Saha et al. (Precambrian Research, 2012). doi:101016/j.precamres.2012.03.004, (2012) Tectono-magmatic evolution of the Mesoproterozoic Singhora basin, central India: Evidence for compressional tectonics from structural data, AMS study and geochemistry of basic rocks, in Precambrian Research, is placed within the broader context of what is known and what is unknown about the shallow crustal deformation structures and the interplay of deformation in the basement and cover rocks. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

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