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Eastern Region, Ghana

The Presbyterian University College, Ghana is a private university located at Abetifi-Kwahu in the Eastern Region of Ghana. It is one of the new universities in Ghana granted accreditation by the National Accreditation Board. It was established by the Presbyterian Church of Ghana on 23 November 2003 and inaugurated on 27 March 2004 by the president of Ghana, John Agyekum Kufuor.It has been ranked the best private university in Ghana and third best after the University of Ghana and KNUST by world university ranking website webometrics. Wikipedia.

Adom P.K.,University of Professional Studies | Kwakwa P.A.,Presbyterian University College
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2014

This study examined the effects of changing trade structure and changing technical characteristics of the manufacturing sector alongside the effects of foreign direct investment and urbanization on energy intensity in Ghana. In order to produce a result that is not biased towards non-rejection, the Zivot-Andrews unit root test with structural break was used. The study applied the Phillip-Hansen, Park, and Stock-Watson cointegration models, which are more robust to serial correlation and exogeneity problems. Preliminary findings showed evidence of cointegration. The study concludes that the changing technical characteristics of the manufacturing sector after the reform and changing production mix in favor of less energy intensive improved energy efficiency. However, energy consumption via exports which outweighed the energy saving via imports of capital goods after the reform in 1983 worsened energy efficiency. Growing urbanization significantly increases energy intensity. In all, technological diffusion via trade exerts significant influence on energy intensity than technological diffusion via foreign direct investment. These results are robust to the Cholesky variance decomposition analysis. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Arku F.S.,Presbyterian University College
International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management | Year: 2013

Purpose: Climate change has emerged as an important theme in the current food security discourses, and although research on local people's adaptation to climate change is increasing, more research is needed to enable sharing of different coping strategies. This research can help policymakers in documenting effective coping strategies that helped to reduce negative impacts of climate change on farmers. The research therefore determined how farmers in rural Ghana use traditional knowledge to adapt to climate changes, and how well the local knowledge worked to enhance livelihoods. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach: The study took place in three communities in Ghana. Sixty participants consisting 20 from each of the communities were recruited for the study. Data were collected through focus group discussions and semi-structured interview questions. SPSS software was used to analyse the data. The Mann-Whitney U-test was used to rank the strategies in enhancing livelihoods. Findings: Men's and women's understanding of what constitute climate change are similar - change in the rainfall amount and distribution. The coping strategies are working as hired labourers, engaging in irrigated farming, practicing of professions learned, rearing of animals, and petty trading. While the importance of the strategies to men's and women's is different, the strategies they adopted appeared to meet their household requirements. Originality/value: The study reveals that local creativities can help in meeting rural farmers' needs during the periods of climate change. Consequently, this research has value for development organisations supporting farmers to effectively use their indigenous knowledge during the periods of climate change. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Source

Herzog T.J.,Presbyterian University College | Krivak T.C.,University of Pittsburgh | Fader A.N.,Greater Baltimore Medical Center Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions | Coleman R.L.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology | Year: 2010

Objective: We sought to determine the association between tumor responses in vitro to platinum therapy by using the ChemoFx drug response marker and overall survival (OS) after first-line platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with advanced-stage primary ovarian cancer (POC). Study Design: Chemosensitivity testing was performed in vitro on tumors from 192 POC patients. Tumors were classified as responsive, intermediately responsive, and nonresponsive to chemotherapy. Physicians made all management decisions. Survival status was retrieved from the Social Security Death Index. OS was modeled using Cox proportional hazard regression analysis. Results: Median OS was 72.5 months for patients with tumors categorized as responsive, 48.6 months for intermediately responsive, and 28.2 months for nonresponsive (P = .03; hazard ratio, 0.70; 95% confidence interval, 0.50-0.97). The ChemoFx prediction of responses to platinum agents was an independent predictor of OS. Conclusion: Results of chemosensitivity testing with a drug response marker for therapy was predictive of OS in POC patients. © 2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Saif M.W.,Presbyterian University College
Journal of the Pancreas | Year: 2011

There is no consensus on what constitutes "standard" adjuvant therapy for pancreatic cancer. This controversy derives from several studies, each fraught with its own limitations. Standards of care also vary somewhat on the geography as chemo-radiotherapy followed by chemotherapy or vice versa is considered the optimal therapy in North America (GITSG, RTOG) while chemotherapy alone is the current standard in Europe (ESPAC-1, CONKO, ESPAC-3). The high rate of locoregional failure following surgical resection for adenocarcinoma of the pancreas has made it clear that some form of adjuvant therapy should be considered in these patients. A phase II study was presented at the 2011 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium to assess the effect of the addition of algenpantucel-L immunotherapy to standard adjuvant therapy on survival in patients with resected pancreas cancer (Abstract #236). The author reviews the abstract in the context of our previous knowledge. Source

Kwakwa P.A.,Presbyterian University College
International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy | Year: 2012

This study has examined the causality between disaggregated energy consumption (electricity and fossil consumption) and overall growth, agricultural and manufacturing growth in Ghana's economy over the period 1971-2007. By employing the Augmented Dickey Fuller test all variables were found to be integrated of the order one and the Johansen test showed the presence of cointegration between the variables. The granger causality test for the study indicated a unidirectional causality from overall growth to electricity and fossil consumption; a unidirectional causality from agriculture to electricity consumption both in the short and long run; and a feedback relationship between manufacturing and electricity consumption. Energy seem not be an essential factor of production in the agricultural sector but important in the manufacturing sector therefore, it is recommended that efforts be geared towards ensuring a high supply of energy to the manufacturing sector in order to keep up its contribution to the economy. Source

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