Entity

Time filter

Source Type

Scottsdale, AZ, United States

Hersh E.M.,Arizona Cancer Center | O'Day S.J.,Melanoma Program | Ribas A.,University of California at Los Angeles | Samlowski W.E.,Nevada Cancer Institute | And 4 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2010

BACKGROUND: nab-Paclitaxel (ABI-007, Abraxane), a 130-nM, albumin-bound (nab) particle form of Cremophor-free paclitaxel, is approved for metastatic breast cancer. In the current study, the efficacy and safety of nab-paclitaxel were evaluated in previously treated and chemotherapy-naive patients with metastatic melanoma (MM). METHODS: Patients with histologically or cytologically confirmed, measurable MM were enrolled. nab-Paclitaxel was administered intravenously weekly for 3 of 4 weeks at a dose of 100 mg/m2 (in previously treated patients) or 150 mg/m2 (in chemotherapy-naive patients). RESULTS: Thirty-seven patients were treated in each cohort. The response rate was 2.7% in the previously treated cohort and 21.6% in the chemotherapy-naive cohort; the response plus stable disease rate was 37.8% and 48.6% in the previously treated and chemotherapy-naive cohorts, respectively. The median progressionfree survival (PFS) was 3.5 months and 4.5 months, and the median survival was 12.1 months and 9.6 months, respectively. The probability of being alive and free of disease progression at 6 months was 27% for the previously treated cohort and 34% for the chemotherapy-naive cohort; the probability of surviving 1 year was 49% and 41%, respectively, for the previously treated and chemotherapy-naive cohorts. Approximately 78% of the previously treated patients and 49% of the chemotherapy-naive patients were treated without dose reduction. Eight (22%) chemotherapy-naive patients discontinued therapy because of toxicities. Drug-related toxicities included grade 3 to 4 (graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [version 3.0]) neuropathy, alopecia, neutropenia, and fatigue. CONCLUSIONS: nab-Paclitaxel was found to be well tolerated and demonstrated activity in both previously treated and chemotherapy-naive patients with MM. The response rate, PFS, and survival compared favorably with current standard dacarbazine therapy and combination therapies for melanoma. nab-Paclitaxel therapy of MM should be investigated further in controlled clinical trials. © 2010 American Cancer Society. Source


Hwang J.J.,Lombardi Cancer Center | Kuruvilla J.,Princess Margaret Hospital | Mendelson D.,Premiere Oncology of Arizona | Pishvaian M.J.,Lombardi Cancer Center | And 5 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2010

Purpose: Two phase I, single-agent studies were conducted to determine the dose and regimen of obatoclax, an antagonist of all BCL-2 antiapoptotic proteins, for evaluation in phase II trials. The two studies, GX001 and GX005, evaluated the safety and tolerability of weekly 1-hour and 3-hour infusions of obatoclax, respectively. Experimental Design: Eligible patients in both studies were adults with solid tumor or lymphoma and performance status 0-1 for whom standard therapies were not appropriate. In the GX001 study an accelerated dose titration design was initially used with subsequent cohorts of three to six patients with 40% dose increments between levels. In the GX005 study three to six patients entered at each dose level with 40% dose increments between levels. Results: Thirty-five patients were enrolled in studies GX001 (n = 8) and GX005 (n = 27). Clinically significant central nervous system (CNS) toxicity was observed using the 1-hour infusion schedule. The obatoclax maximum tolerated dose (MTD) in GX001 was 1.25 mg/m2 due to these infusional CNS events. The 3-hour infusion schedule studied in GX005 had improved tolerability, and the obatoclax MTD was 20 mg/m2. One patient in GX005 with relapsed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma achieved partial response of 2 months' duration, and one patient with relapsed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma had stable disease for 18 months. Conclusions: The 1-hour infusion schedule of obatoclax was associated with neuropsychiatric doselimiting toxicities at relatively low doses (MTD, 1.25 mg/m2). The 3-hour i.v. infusion of obatoclax administered once weekly to patients with solid tumors was better tolerated (MTD, 20 mg/m 2), and evidence of clinical activity was observed. ©2010 AACR. Source


Ribas A.,University of California at Los Angeles | Chesney J.A.,University of Louisville | Gordon M.S.,Premiere Oncology of Arizona | Abernethy A.P.,Duke University | And 12 more authors.
Journal of Translational Medicine | Year: 2012

Background: CTLA4 blocking monoclonal antibodies provide a low frequency but durable tumor responses in patients with metastatic melanoma, which led to the regulatory approval of ipilimumab based on two randomized clinical trials with overall survival advantage. The similarly fully human anti-CTLA4 antibody tremelimumab had been developed in the clinic at a fixed rate infusion, resulting in very prolonged infusion times. A new formulation of tremelimumab allowed testing a shorter infusion time.Methods: A phase 1 multi-center study to establish the safety and tolerability of administering tremelimumab as a 1-hour infusion to patients with metastatic melanoma. Secondary endpoints included pharmacokinetic and clinical effects of tremelimumab.Results: No grade 3 or greater infusion-related adverse events or other adverse events preventing the administration of the full tremelimumab dose were noted in 44 treated patients. The overall side effect profile was consistent with prior experiences with anti-CTLA4 antibodies. Objective tumor responses were noted in 11% of evaluable patients with metastatic melanoma, which is also consistent with the prior experience with CTLA4 antagonistic antibodies.Conclusions: This study did not identify any safety concerns when tremelimumab was administered as a 1-hour infusion. These data support further clinical testing of the 1-hour infusion of tremelimumab. (Clinical trial registration number NCT00585000). © 2012 Ribas et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source


Gordon M.S.,Premiere Oncology of Arizona | Sweeney C.S.,Indiana University | Mendelson D.S.,Premiere Oncology of Arizona | Eckhardt S.G.,Aurora University | And 12 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2010

Purpose: The aims were to assess the safety, pharmacokinetics, maximum tolerated dose, and antitumor activity of AMG 102, a fully human hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF)-neutralizing monoclonal antibody, in patients with solid tumors. Experimental Design: Patients (N = 40) with refractory advanced solid tumors were enrolled into six sequential dose-escalation cohorts (0.5, 1, 3, 5, 10, or 20 mg/kg AMG 102 i.v. every 2 weeks) and a doseexpansion cohort (20 mg/kg AMG 102 every 2 weeks). Safety, anti-AMG 102 antibody formation, pharmacokinetics, tumor response, and exploratory biomarkers were assessed. Results: AMG 102 was well tolerated up to the planned maximum dose of 20 mg/kg, and the maximum tolerated dose was not reached. Treatment-related adverse events were generally mild and included fatigue (13%), constipation (8%), nausea (8%), vomiting (5%), anorexia (5%), myalgia (5%), and hypertension (5%). Two patients experienced dose-limiting toxicities: one patient (0.5 mg/kg cohort) experienced grade 3 hypoxia and grade 3 dyspnea and one patient (1 mg/kg cohort) experienced grade 3 upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. No anti-AMG 102 antibodies were detected, and AMG 102 had linear pharmacokinetics within the dose range investigated. Sixteen of 23 (70%) evaluable patients had a best response of stable disease with progression-free survival ranging from 7.9 to 40 weeks. Circulating levels of the biomarker HGF/SF (bound and unbound) increased in a dose-dependent manner, whereas soluble c-Met concentrations were generally similar across doses. Conclusions: AMG 102 is safe and well tolerated, has a favorable pharmacokinetic profile, and will be further investigated as a monotherapy and in combination with other agents. ©2010 AACR. Source


Rini B.I.,Cleveland Clinic | Stein M.,Cancer Institute of New Jersey | Shannon P.,Premiere Oncology of Arizona | Eddy S.,Cancer Institute of New Jersey | And 5 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2011

BACKGROUND: On the basis of potential additive or synergistic immunostimulatory antitumor effects, in this phase 1 study, the authors evaluated the combination of sunitinib and tremelimumab (CP-675206; an antibody against cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 [CTLA4]) in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) was evaluated. METHODS: Adult patients with mRCC who had received ≤1 previous systemic treatment received tremelimumab (6 mg/kg, 10 mg/kg, or 15 mg/kg) intravenously once every 12 weeks and oral sunitinib (50 mg daily for 4 weeks then 2 weeks off or 37.5 mg daily as a continuous dose). The primary objective was to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD). Secondary objectives were to assess antitumor activity, safety, and pharmacokinetics. RESULTS: Twenty-eight patients were enrolled. Two of 5 patients who received 50 mg sunitinib plus tremelimumab 6 mg/kg experienced dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), and no further enrollment to the combination with sunitinib 50 mg dosing was pursued. Among patients who received continuous sunitinib 37.5 mg daily, 1 of 7 patients who received tremelimumab 10 mg/kg plus sunitinib suffered a sudden death, and 3 of 6 patients who received tremelimumab 15 mg/kg plus sunitinib experienced DLTs. An expansion cohort (n = 7) was enrolled at tremelimumab 10 mg/kg plus sunitinib 37.5 mg daily; 3 of those patients experienced DLTs. Overall, rapid-onset renal failure was the most common DLT. Nine of 21 patients who were evaluable for response achieved partial responses (43%; 95% confidence interval, 22%-66%), and 4 of those responses were ongoing at the time of the current report. CONCLUSIONS: In this study of tremelimumab plus sunitinib, rapid-onset acute renal failure was observed unexpectedly, and further investigation of tremelimumab doses >6 mg/kg plus sunitinib 37.5 mg daily is not recommended. Preclinical investigation may be warranted to understand the mechanism of renal toxicity.© 2010 American Cancer Society. Source

Discover hidden collaborations