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Jahantigh M.,Zahedan University of Medical Sciences | Zare S.,Zahedan University of Medical Sciences | Shahrakipour M.,Pregnancy Health Research Center
Der Pharma Chemica | Year: 2016

Nursing is an occupation which is always faced with common ethical problems and paying attention to ethical behavior can exert a considerable effect on the organizational activities and results. Ethicalclimate is also considered among the factors influencing the staff ethical behavior and decision making. The present study was conducted aiming at the relationship between ethicalclimate and nurses' ethical behavior. The present study is of the descriptive-analytical type. The study sample includes 251 nurses working in Ali Ibn Abitaleb and Khatam Al-Anbia hospital in Zahedan in 2014 and for collecting the information a three-part questionnaire was applied the first part of which pertained to demographic characteristics, the second part included Olson ethicalclimate questionnaire and the third part was related to the Luis ethical behavior questionnaire. Data was analyzed by making use of SPSS 19 and descriptive statistical methods, independent sample t-test and variance analysis. The results obtained in the present study indicated that the ethicalclimate governing hospitals is deemed as optimum from the nurses' perspective (the average score= 94.78). There was not observed a significant difference between the ethicalclimate mean scores and ethical behavior (P > 0.05). Nurses' demographic characteristics were not in a significant relationship with ethicalclimate (P > 0.05). The results obtained in the present study indicated that there is no significant relationship between ethicalclimate and ethical behavior. Source

Montazerifar F.,Pregnancy Health Research Center | Montazerifar F.,Zahedan University of Medical Sciences | Karajibani M.,Pregnancy Health Research Center | Karajibani M.,Zahedan University of Medical Sciences | And 2 more authors.
Rawal Medical Journal | Year: 2014

Objective: To assess of the fatty liver disease in obese adolescents in the southeast Iran. Methodology: We evaluated non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in 34 obese adolescents aged 11-19 years. Obesity was defined as body mass index (BMI) > 95 percentile adjusted forage and gender. Anthropometric measurements, blood pressure and biochemical tests and abdominal ultrasonographic examinations were carried out in all subjects. Results: Based on the ultrasonography, 42.9% boys and 45% girls had mild NAFLD (grade 1). No significant difference was observed in the levels of biochemical parameters of the subjects with NAFLD when compared with those without the disorder. A significant correlation between aminotransferases with markers of dyslipidemia; cholesterol (P<0.05) and triglyceride (P<0.01) was observed. Conclusion: Obesity may increase the likelihood of developing liver damage. Thus, considering the association between some risk factors of metabolic syndrome with NAFLD, more studies need to be done for determination of the NAFLD and its relationship with central obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance, and resultant metabolic syndrome, in the general population especially in children and adolescents. Source

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