Prefeitura Municipal de Belo Horizonte

Belo Horizonte, Brazil

Prefeitura Municipal de Belo Horizonte

Belo Horizonte, Brazil
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Monteiro M.A.M.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Monteiro A.J.A.,Ministerio da Agricultura | Da Costa E.M.V.,Prefeitura Municipal de Belo Horizonte | Garcia M.A.V.T.,Federal University of Minas Gerais
Brazilian Journal of Food Technology | Year: 2016

This research aimed to classify the polished rice (Orysa sativa L.) used in restaurants in Belo Horizonte-MG, Brazil. Eight restaurants, aimed at offering healthy meals in the different administrative regions of Belo Horizonte-MG, Brazil, took part in this study. The moisture content and the presence of foreign matter and impurities, broken grains and grits, mouldy and sour grains, chopped or pecked grains, chalky and immature grains, yellow and streaked grains, were determined. The class and type were determined according to current legislation, and the cooking time, volume, cooking test, increase in volume, yield and yield factor were analysed. The results showed that 37.5% (n=3) of the restaurants used Type 2 rice but this did not significantly change the cooking tests. In conclusion, no direct relation existed between the type of rice and the quality and yield of the end product.


The goals of this study were to identify how community- dwelling elderly deal with the prospect of disability/functionality and to understand how the sociocultural context modulates this process. The study adopted a qualitative approach in which the signs, meanings, and actions model was used in the data collection and analysis. The study interviewed 57 elders ranging from 61 to 96 years of age and enrolled in the six primary health units in Bambuí, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. “To stay still or not to stay still” is the underlying question in functioning and disability in old age. However, staying still is not a matter of individual choice, because the answer depends on the elder’s financial, intellectual, and subjective resources and available social support. Staying still also implies a concept of old age inexorably associated with disability, leaving the elderly resigned to their condition; when difficulties increase, their only choice is to “wait for death”. Health teams need to interfere in this concept, providing care to older people during their recovery and until the end of life. © 2015,Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz. All rights reserved.


Functionality is a crucial dimension of the health of the elderly. The aim of this work is to investigate the elements that comprise the signifcance of disability for the elderly residents of the city of Bambuí in the state of Minas Gerais. A qualitative approach was adopted in which the model of signs, significance and actions was used in both data collection and analysis. Interviews were conducted with 57 elderly individuals (30 women; 27 men) ranging from 61 to 96 years of age registered in primary care units. The participants interpret functionality/disability (disease) as "being able to cope/not being able to cope" or "being a burden" (illness) to others. "Not being able to cope" refers to the inexorable functional loss inherent to the aging process, while "being a burden" relates to the permanent condition of generating pain and suffering to both patient and care giver. The way to deal with the "not being able to cope" condition is related to resignation. On the other hand, praying is the way to deal with "being a burden." Religion and resignation can help during critical moments, though they also reveal the lack of resources and alternatives for support and intervention in the most severe cases.


PubMed | Prefeitura Municipal de Belo Horizonte and Instituto Evandro Chagas
Type: | Journal: BioMed research international | Year: 2016

The identification of snails of the genus


PubMed | Prefeitura Municipal de Belo Horizonte.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Ciencia & saude coletiva | Year: 2014

Functionality is a crucial dimension of the health of the elderly. The aim of this work is to investigate the elements that comprise the significance of disability for the elderly residents of the city of Bambu in the state of Minas Gerais. A qualitative approach was adopted in which the model of signs, significance and actions was used in both data collection and analysis. Interviews were conducted with 57 elderly individuals (30 women; 27 men) ranging from 61 to 96 years of age registered in primary care units. The participants interpret functionality/disability (disease) as being able to cope/not being able to cope or being a burden (illness) to others. Not being able to cope refers to the inexorable functional loss inherent to the aging process, while being a burden relates to the permanent condition of generating pain and suffering to both patient and care giver. The way to deal with the not being able to cope condition is related to resignation. On the other hand, praying is the way to deal with being a burden. Religion and resignation can help during critical moments, though they also reveal the lack of resources and alternatives for support and intervention in the most severe cases.


PubMed | Prefeitura Municipal de Belo Horizonte
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Cadernos de saude publica | Year: 2015

The goals of this study were to identify how community-dwelling elderly deal with the prospect of disability/functionality and to understand how the sociocultural context modulates this process. The study adopted a qualitative approach in which the signs, meanings, and actions model was used in the data collection and analysis. The study interviewed 57 elders ranging from 61 to 96 years of age and enrolled in the six primary health units in Bambu, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. To stay still or not to stay still is the underlying question in functioning and disability in old age. However, staying still is not a matter of individual choice, because the answer depends on the elders financial, intellectual, and subjective resources and available social support. Staying still also implies a concept of old age inexorably associated with disability, leaving the elderly resigned to their condition; when difficulties increase, their only choice is to wait for death. Health teams need to interfere in this concept, providing care to older people during their recovery and until the end of life.


Pessanha J.E.M.,Prefeitura Municipal de Belo Horizonte | Pessanha J.E.M.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Caiaffa W.T.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Kroon E.G.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Proietti F.A.,Federal University of Minas Gerais
Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health | Year: 2010

Objective. To determine the seroprevalence of dengue fever serotypes in three sanitary districts in the city of Belo Horizonte and investigate the association of seroprevalence with contextual and individual variables. Method. The survey was conducted in the sanitary districts of Venda Nova, Leste and Centro-Oeste between June 2006 and March 2007. All residents aged 1 year or older were eligible for the study. Participants answered a questionnaire and had a 5 mL blood sample collected to determine the presence of anti-dengue types 1, 2, and 3 virus antibodies by seroneutralization. The questionnaire covered demographic aspects, socioeconomic status, physical characteristics of the home, residential mobility between cities, previous history of signs and symptoms associated with dengue fever, and knowledge concerning dengue fever prevention measures, among others. Results. Seroprevalence was 11.9% (95%CI: 9.7-14.6) among the 709 individuals included in the study, and it was not associated with sex, age, family income, and having moved to another town in the past 10 years. Seropositivity was associated with type of construction (apartment or house/shanty, with apartment being a protection factor) and with an elevated health vulnerability index where the dwelling was located. Conclusions. In this study, seroprevalence was lower than in previous studies carried out in mid-size and large Brazilian cities. This suggests that Belo Horizonte has employed efficient control measures. However, heterogeneity within the city was observed in terms of dengue fever transmission, which was largely associated with contextual indicators of vulnerability. The number of susceptibles is still high, and the control of dengue fever remains a difficult public health issue.


de Toledo M.T.T.,Prefeitura Municipal de Belo Horizonte | Abreu M.N.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Lopes A.C.S.,Federal University of Minas Gerais
Revista de Saude Publica | Year: 2013

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of factors associated with adherence to healthy ways of life. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study carried out with users aged over 19 from a primary health care unit in Belo Horizonte, MG, Southeastern Brazil, from 2009 to 2010. The sample was selected to estimate the proportion of eople who adhere to healthy ways of life (healthy eating and physical activity) through counseling conducted by health care professionals, and associated socio-demographic, dietary and health factors. Additionally, the perceived benefits from the adherence to healthy ways of life and their possible barriers were verified. Descriptive analysis, univariate (Chi-square Test or Fisher's Exact) and multivariate by Poisson Regression were performed. RESULTS: Of the 417 users selected for the survey, only 40.8% received counseling, of which 50.9% demonstrated adherence. In multivariate Poisson regression, adherence was associated with the perception of food being healthy (PR = 1.67, 95%CI 1.15;2.43) and participation in the public service health campaigns(PR = 1.55, 95%CI 1.18;2.03). The main reported benefits of adherence were greater willingness and weight loss and, the most commonly reported barriers were difficulty of changing habits and lack of time. CONCLUSIONS: Adopting healthier lifestyles requires the proposing of strategies that promote adherence, as well as the participation of professionals in implementing counseling as a health promoting action that generates greater autonomy and quality of life among those involved, supported by policies and programs promoting health.


Issa R.C.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Moraes L.F.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Francisco R.R.J.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Dos Santos L.C.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | And 2 more authors.
Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health | Year: 2014

Objective. To evaluate the planning, production, distribution, and nutritional adequacy of meals served at city schools. Methods. This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted between March 2011 and April 2012 and included a representative sample (n = 42 schools) of extended shift city schools from Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Five meals from each school were randomly selected and analyzed by direct weighing. Production indicators and nutritional adequacy were evaluated in contrast to the recommendations of the city food security bureau and the Brazilian National Program of School Meals (PNAE). Results. Seventy-nine percent of the analyzed meals did not meet the recommendations of the city food security bureau. The rate of waste (food left on plates) was acceptable at 4,90%, but the rates of cooked and not served food (7,06%) and counter leftovers (5,30%) were high. Both the city planned meals and the meals served in the schools were nutritionally inadequate in terms of the PNAE, particularly for children aged 11-15 years. There was a relationship between consumption by school staff and the amount of food that was cooked (r = 0.353; P < 0.001) and the rate of cooked and not served food (r = 0.138; P = 0.045). Waste was positively correlated with the rate of counter leftovers (r = 0.145; P = 0.035), and inversely correlated with fiber intake (r = -0.143; P = 0.038). Conclusions. The results indicate the importance of monitoring the planning, production, and distribution of school meals and of food and nutrition education in order to improve the quality of food and to reduce waste in schools.


Drumond E.,Prefeitura Municipal de Belo Horizonte | Abreu D.M.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Machado C.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Gomes F.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Franca E.,Federal University of Minas Gerais
Journal of Tropical Pediatrics | Year: 2013

This study aims to evaluate the quality of information about race/colour (black or white) in health information systems and to analyse the causes of infant mortality in the Brazilian List of Avoidable Causes of Death by race/colour in Belo Horizonte in 2001-09. Infant deaths and live births were obtained from the Brazilian Information Systems on Mortality and Live Births. After redistribution of missing data, infant mortality rate (IMR) was estimated for blacks and whites and was stratified by birth weight. Deaths were classified in avoidable, ill-defined or non-avoidable causes. Regardless of birth weight, avoidable mortality rate was higher among black infants. Low quality of care during pregnancy and delivery was more likely among black women. Inadequate care of low-birth-weight black newborns also led to their increased risk of death. To reduce infant mortality and inequality, we must identify black infants as the most vulnerable group and increase the efficiency of health services in preventing avoidable deaths. © The Author [2012]. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

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