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Saussele S.,University of Heidelberg | Krauss M.-P.,University of Heidelberg | Hehlmann R.,University of Heidelberg | Lauseker M.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | And 29 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2015

We studied the influence of comorbidities on remission rate and overall survival (OS) in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Participants of the CML Study IV, a randomized 5-arm trial designed to optimize imatinib therapy, were analyzed for comorbidities at diagnosis using the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI); 511 indexed comorbidities were reported in 1519 CML patients. Age was an additional risk factor in 863 patients. Resulting CCI scores were as follows: CCI 2, = 5 589; CCI 3 or 4, = 5 599; CCI 5 or 6, = 5 229; and CCI ± 7, = 5 102. No differences in cumulative incidences of accelerated phase, blast crisis, or remission rates were observed between patients in the different CCI groups. Higher CCI was significantly associated with lower OS probabilities. The 8-year OS probabilities were 93.6%, 89.4%, 77.6%, and 46.4% for patients with CCI 2, 3 to 4, 5 to 6, and ‡7, respectively. In multivariate analysis, CCI was the most powerful predictor of OS, which was still valid after removal of its age-related components. Comorbidities have no impact on treatment success but do have a negative effect on OS, indicating that survival of patients with CML is determined more by comorbidities than by CML itself. OS may therefore be inappropriate as an outcome measure for specific CML treatments. The trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00055874. © 2015 by The American Society of Hematology.


PubMed | Universitatsspital, Zentrum fur Innere Medizin, Praxisklinik fur Hamatologie und Onkologie, Klinik fur Onkologie und Hamatologie and 14 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Blood | Year: 2015

We studied the influence of comorbidities on remission rate and overall survival (OS) in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Participants of the CML Study IV, a randomized 5-arm trial designed to optimize imatinib therapy, were analyzed for comorbidities at diagnosis using the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI); 511 indexed comorbidities were reported in 1519 CML patients. Age was an additional risk factor in 863 patients. Resulting CCI scores were as follows: CCI 2, n = 589; CCI 3 or 4, n = 599; CCI 5 or 6, n = 229; and CCI 7, n = 102. No differences in cumulative incidences of accelerated phase, blast crisis, or remission rates were observed between patients in the different CCI groups. Higher CCI was significantly associated with lower OS probabilities. The 8-year OS probabilities were 93.6%, 89.4%, 77.6%, and 46.4% for patients with CCI 2, 3 to 4, 5 to 6, and 7, respectively. In multivariate analysis, CCI was the most powerful predictor of OS, which was still valid after removal of its age-related components. Comorbidities have no impact on treatment success but do have a negative effect on OS, indicating that survival of patients with CML is determined more by comorbidities than by CML itself. OS may therefore be inappropriate as an outcome measure for specific CML treatments. The trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00055874.


Germing U.,Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf | Lauseker M.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | Hildebrandt B.,Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf | Symeonidis A.,University of Patras | And 28 more authors.
Leukemia | Year: 2012

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) with del(5q) are considered to have a benign course of the disease. In order to address the issue of the propensity of those patients to progress to acute myeloid leukemia (AML), data on 381 untreated patients with MDS and del(5q) characterized by low or intermediate I International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) risk score were collected from nine centers and registries. Median survival of the entire group was 74 months. Transfusion-dependent patients had a median survival of 44 months vs 97 months for transfusion-independent patients (P>0.0001). Transfusion need at diagnosis was the most important patient characteristic for survival. Of the 381 patients, 48 (12.6%) progressed to AML. The cumulative progression rate calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method was 4.9% at 2 years and 17.6% at 5 years. Factors associated with the risk of AML transformation were high-risk World Health Organization adapted Prognostic Scoring System (WPSS) score, marrow blast count >5% and red-cell transfusion dependency at diagnosis. In conclusion, patients with MDS and del(5q) are facing a considerable risk of AML transformation. More detailed cytogenetic and molecular studies may help to identify the patients at risk of progression. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited.


Feiten S.,Institute For Versorgungsforschung In Der Onkologie | Dunnebacke J.,Brustzentrum im Marienhof | Heymanns J.,Praxisklinik fur Hamatologie und Onkologie | Koppler H.,Praxisklinik fur Hamatologie und Onkologie | And 4 more authors.
Deutsches Arzteblatt International | Year: 2014

Background: Many women have symptoms of various kinds after being treated for breast cancer. It is unclear how frequently these different side effects of treatment arise. Methods: All women who underwent surgery for breast cancer and subsequently received adjuvant systemic treatment in a single certified breast-cancer center from 2006 to 2010 were asked to fill out a standardized questionnaire. Medical data were retrieved from their charts and statistically analyzed together with the questionnaire responses. The questionnaire was also given to an age-adjusted control group. Results: 734 questionnaires were filled out and returned (response rate, 70%). The mean interval from the diagnosis of breast cancer to the time of response to the questionnaire was 38 months. The median age at time of response to the questionnaire was 65 years (range, 30 to 91 years). The distribution of UICC stages at the time of initial diagnosis was as follows: I 46%, II 42%, III 12%. 78% of the patients underwent breat conserving surgery, 85% had radio - therapy, 85% had antihormonal treatment, and 49% had chemotherapy. 91% were satisfied or very satisfied with the outcome of surgery. 34% reported operation site pain; 35% reported limitations of shoulder or arm function. Younger patients suffered from emotional sequelae more than older ones did. 25% reported a change in their relationship with their spouse. Before being diagnosed with breast cancer, 9% had consulted a psychiatrist or psychotherapist; after the diagnosis, 19% did. 14% had taken psychoactive medication before the diagnosis, and 26% did afterward. Conclusion: Treatment for breast cancer has negative physical, emotional, and social effects on many patients. They suffer these effects to varying degrees depending on age, type of surgery, and systemic treatment.


Weide R.,Praxisklinik Fur Hamatologie und Onkologie | Feiten S.,Institute For Versorgungsforschung In Der Onkologie | Friesenhahn V.,Institute For Versorgungsforschung In Der Onkologie | Heymanns J.,Praxisklinik Fur Hamatologie und Onkologie | And 4 more authors.
Oncology Research and Treatment | Year: 2016

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the treatment reality for outpatients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) managed by hematologists in routine care. Patients and Methods: All patients with ITP diagnosed between 06/1995 and 12/2014 in a community-based oncology group practice in Germany were retrospectively analyzed. Results: 422 patients with a median age of 55 years (range 7-91 years) were evaluated. 57% were female and 43% male. Only 198 (47%) patients needed therapy. Firstline therapy (n = 198) consisted of steroids in 81%, intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) in 12%, and IVIG plus steroids in 6%. Patients received a median of 2 (range 1-10) lines of therapy. The most frequently used treatment modalities were steroids in 93%, IVIG in 55%, splenectomy in 21%, and other immunosuppressive agents (OISA) in 23% of patients. Rituximab and thrombopoietin receptor agonists (TRAs) were used in 10% and 6% only. 9 (2%) patients needed hospitalization due to bleeding complications. 72% of patients achieved a durable remission after their last line of therapy. 1 (0.2%) patient died due to bleeding complications. Conclusion: The treatment modalities most frequently used are steroids, immunoglobulins, splenectomy, and OISA. Rituximab and TRAs are only used infrequently. 72% of ITP patients achieve durable remissions. The rate of hospital admissions due to bleeding complications and the ITP-related mortality are low. The majority of ITP patients can be safely managed by hematologists on an outpatient basis. © 2016 S. Karger GmbH, Freiburg.


Weide R.,Praxisklinik fur Hamatologie und Onkologie | Feiten S.,Institute For Versorgungsforschung In Der Onkologie | Friesenhahn V.,Institute For Versorgungsforschung In Der Onkologie | Heymanns J.,Praxisklinik fur Hamatologie und Onkologie | And 4 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2013

Bendamustine and bendamustine/rituximab combinations have shown high efficacy in relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and indolent B-cell malignancies (non-Hodgkin lymphoma, NHL). No data exist about bendamustine retreatment after relapse, concerning efficacy and toxicity in this patient population. Eighty-eight outpatients (57 patients with CLL, 31 patients with NHL) who had previously been treated with bendamustine were retreated with a bendamustine regimen. Treatment consisted of bendamustine (B) or bendamustine + mitoxantrone (BM) or bendamustine + rituximab (BR) or bendamustine + mitoxantrone + rituximab (BMR). Median age was 72 years (50-88). A reversible grade 3 or 4 leukocytopenia or thrombocytopenia was observed in 24% and 13%, respectively. The overall response rate (ORR) was 76% (7% complete remission [CR], 69% partial remission [PR]) with 77% (6% CR, 71% PR) in CLL and 71% (8% CR, 63% PR) in NHL. ORR according to regimen was as follows: B: 57% (14% CR, 43% PR), BM: 70% (4% CR, 66% PR), BR: 55% (10% CR, 45% PR), BMR: 84% (7% CR, 78% PR). Bendamustine retreatment is feasible and achieves high response rates and some long lasting remissions. © 2013 Informa UK, Ltd.


Weide R.,Praxisklinik fur Hamatologie und Onkologie | Feiten S.,Institute For Versorgungsforschung In Der Onkologie | Friesenhahn V.,Institute For Versorgungsforschung In Der Onkologie | Heymanns J.,Praxisklinik fur Hamatologie und Onkologie | And 4 more authors.
Journal of the Korean Physical Society | Year: 2014

18,000 women die due to metastatic breast cancer in Germany per year. Median survival is 20–28 months after diagnosis. The question we wanted to answer was whether survival has improved in routine care? For this purpose we conducted a retrospective analysis of all patients with metastatic breast cancer who were treated between 06/1995-06/2013 in a community-based oncology group practice in Germany. 716 patients were analyzed with a median age of 61 (31–93). Localizations of metastases were distributed as follows: 47% visceral, 36% bone, 9% lymphatic, 4% CNS, 4% others. 79% were hormone-receptor-positive, 20% Her2-positive, 9% triple-negative. Median overall survival was 34 months (95% Confidence Interval: 31–37), median disease-specific survival 36.8 months and disease-specific survival after 5 years 34%. Survival was significantly correlated with localizations of metastases, number of metastasized organs, disease free survival since initial diagnosis, hormone-receptor status and age. Patients with hormone-receptor-positive tumors had a median overall survival of 37 months, Her2-positive patients of 34 months and triple-negative patients of 13 months. 86% of hormone-receptor-positive patients received antihormonal therapy. 81% of Her2-positive patients received anti-Her2 therapy. In summary, longer survival is strongly restricted to hormone receptor- and Her2-positive tumors most likely due to targeted therapies directed against the estrogen-receptor and Her2. © 2014, Weide et al.; licensee Springer.


PubMed | Praxisklinik fur Hamatologie und Onkologie and Institute For Versorgungsforschung In Der Onkologie
Type: | Journal: SpringerPlus | Year: 2014

18,000 women die due to metastatic breast cancer in Germany per year. Median survival is 20-28 months after diagnosis. The question we wanted to answer was whether survival has improved in routine care? For this purpose we conducted a retrospective analysis of all patients with metastatic breast cancer who were treated between 06/1995-06/2013 in a community-based oncology group practice in Germany. 716 patients were analyzed with a median age of 61 (31-93). Localizations of metastases were distributed as follows: 47% visceral, 36% bone, 9% lymphatic, 4% CNS, 4% others. 79% were hormone-receptor-positive, 20% Her2-positive, 9% triple-negative. Median overall survival was 34 months (95% Confidence Interval: 31-37), median disease-specific survival 36.8 months and disease-specific survival after 5 years 34%. Survival was significantly correlated with localizations of metastases, number of metastasized organs, disease free survival since initial diagnosis, hormone-receptor status and age. Patients with hormone-receptor-positive tumors had a median overall survival of 37 months, Her2-positive patients of 34 months and triple-negative patients of 13 months. 86% of hormone-receptor-positive patients received antihormonal therapy. 81% of Her2-positive patients received anti-Her2 therapy. In summary, longer survival is strongly restricted to hormone receptor- and Her2-positive tumors most likely due to targeted therapies directed against the estrogen-receptor and Her2.


Bendamustine and bendamustine/rituximab combinations have shown high efficacy in relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and indolent B-cell malignancies (non-Hodgkin lymphoma, NHL). No data exist about bendamustine retreatment after relapse, concerning efficacy and toxicity in this patient population. Eighty-eight outpatients (57 patients with CLL, 31 patients with NHL) who had previously been treated with bendamustine were retreated with a bendamustine regimen. Treatment consisted of bendamustine (B) or bendamustine + mitoxantrone (BM) or bendamustine + rituximab (BR) or bendamustine + mitoxantrone + rituximab (BMR). Median age was 72 years (50-88). A reversible grade 3 or 4 leukocytopenia or thrombocytopenia was observed in 24% and 13%, respectively. The overall response rate (ORR) was 76% (7% complete remission [CR], 69% partial remission [PR]) with 77% (6% CR, 71% PR) in CLL and 71% (8% CR, 63% PR) in NHL. ORR according to regimen was as follows: B: 57% (14% CR, 43% PR), BM: 70% (4% CR, 66% PR), BR: 55% (10% CR, 45% PR), BMR: 84% (7% CR, 78% PR). Bendamustine retreatment is feasible and achieves high response rates and some long lasting remissions.


PubMed | Praxisklinik fur Hamatologie und Onkologie
Type: Evaluation Studies | Journal: Leukemia & lymphoma | Year: 2010

We have evaluated all outpatients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) who were treated with bendamustine/mitoxantrone/rituximab (BMR) between May 1999 and December 2008. Treatment consisted of bendamustine 90 mg/m2 on day 1 + 2, Mitoxantrone 6 mg/m2 on day 1, and Rituximab 375 mg/m2 on day 8, 15, 22 + 29. Thirty-nine patients (19 males, 20 females) received BMR with a median age of 69 years (4681). Nineteen patients (49%) were above 70 years and 13 patients (33%) were 75 years or above. Performance score ranged between 0 and 2. The median number of previous therapies was 2 (14). Therapy was tolerated well with two observed therapy-associated hospitalizations. A reversible grade 3 or 4 hematotoxicity was seen in 30 patients (77%). Other reversible grade 3 or 4 toxicities were seen in two patients (5%). The overall response rate was 92% (10% complete remission, 82% partial remission). Median time to next CLL-therapy was 13 months (069). We conclude that BMR is a short and effective outpatient chemoimmunotherapy for patients with relapsed or refractory CLL, which can be used safely in elderly patients.

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