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Littleton, CO, United States

Cliver E.W.,Air Force Research Lab | Dietrich W.F.,Praxis Inc.
Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate | Year: 2013

The solar flare on 1 September 1859 and its associated geomagnetic storm remain the standard for an extreme solar-terrestrial event. The most recent estimates of the flare soft X-ray (SXR) peak intensity and Dst magnetic storm index for this event are: SXR class = X45 (±5) (vs. X35 (±5) for the 4 November 2003 flare) and minimum Dst = -900 (+50, -150) nT (vs. -825 to -900 nT for the great storm of May 1921). We have no direct evidence of an associated solar energetic proton (SEP) event but a correlation between >30 MeV SEP fluence (F30) and flare size based on modern data yields a best guess F30 value of ~1.1 × 1010 pr cm -2 (with the ±1σ uncertainty spanning a range from ~109-1011 pr cm-2) for a composite (multi-flare plus shock) 1859 event. This value is approximately twice that of estimates/measurements - ranging from ~5-7 × 109 pr cm -2 - for the largest SEP episodes (July 1959, November 1960, August 1972) in the modern era. © E.W. Cliver et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2013. Source


Patent
Praxis Inc. | Date: 2014-01-08

High strength implantable devices having complex surfaces are injection molded from powder metal wherein the surface is defined by a monolithic insert made by additive manufacturing. The insert defines the surface texture of the device and may also include a portion to form an ingrowth texture and a portion to form a substrate interface texture. The tensile bond strength of the texture is 20 Mega Pascal or greater.


Grant
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services | Branch: | Program: STTR | Phase: Phase II | Award Amount: 905.26K | Year: 2013

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DD) have more untreated caries and a higher prevalence of gingivitis and other periodontal diseases than the general population (NIDCR, 2009). In order to address this health care disparity, more dentists are needed who understand and are trained to meet the needs of this population. Few in-depth training options are currently available for dentists in general practice. The purpose of this Phase I/II FastTrack STTR proposal is to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of an online training program in special needs dentistry for dentists in general practice. Continuing education units will be offered. The program, named Developmental Disabilities DentistryOnline, will be asynchronous (available anytime, anywhere) and, importantly, will exploit advances in media-supported instructional technology, to include virtual clinical simulations, interactive case studies, various Flash-based video and graphic learning objects, embedded self-assessments and note-taking options. Course modules will address risk management, preventive care, medical considerations associated with specific disabilities, restorative dentistry, behavioral support techniques, and a special section on autism spectrum disorders. Praxis, Inc., the host organization, will collaborate with faculty and staff at the Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center at University of Massachusetts Medical School (Shriver/UMASS Medical) and Tufts University School of Dental Medicine to develop and test the program through a host of systematic formative and summative evaluation methods. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE The proposed project and the resulting product will directly benefit dentists who provide services and support to children and adults with intellectual and other developmental disabilities. The project has three major objectives: (1) to Design, develop, implement, and evaluate 6 new on-line training courses in oral health care for a special needs population, (2)to develop a commercially viable software prototype, and (3) to evaluate the resulting program to determine the usability of the software and the effectiveness of the curriculum.


Grant
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services | Branch: | Program: STTR | Phase: Phase I | Award Amount: 1.19M | Year: 2011

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DD) have more untreated caries and a higher prevalence of gingivitis and other periodontal diseases than the general population (NIDCR, 2009). In order to address this health care disparity, more dentists are needed who understand and are trained to meet the needs of this population. Few in-depth training options are currently available for dentists in general practice. The purpose of this Phase I/II FastTrack STTR proposal is to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of an online training program in special needs dentistry for dentists in general practice. Continuing education units will be offered. The program, named Developmental Disabilities DentistryOnline, will be asynchronous (available anytime, anywhere) and, importantly, will exploit advances in media-supported instructional technology, to include virtual clinical simulations, interactive case studies, various Flash-based video and graphic learning objects, embedded self-assessments and note-taking options. Course modules will address risk management, preventive care, medical considerations associated with specific disabilities, restorative dentistry, behavioral support techniques, and a special section on autism spectrum disorders. Praxis, Inc., the host organization, will collaborate with faculty and staff at the Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center at University of Massachusetts Medical School (Shriver/UMASS Medical) and Tufts University School of Dental Medicine to develop and test the program through a host of systematic formative and summative evaluation methods. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: The proposed project and the resulting product will directly benefit dentists who provide services and support to children and adults with intellectual and other developmental disabilities. The project has three major objectives: (1) to Design, develop, implement, and evaluate 6 new on-line training courses in oral health care for a special needs population, (2)to develop a commercially viable software prototype, and (3) to evaluate the resulting program to determine the usability of the software and the effectiveness of the curriculum.


Grant
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services | Branch: | Program: STTR | Phase: Phase I | Award Amount: 260.86K | Year: 2011

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The proposed project is designed to fill an important yet unmet need by developing an online training program that has the potential for reaching all emergency managers, responders and students in the field of emergencypreparedness with a specific focus on individuals with disabilities. Pursuing this objective, the applicant organization, Praxis, Inc., and the Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center at the University of Massachusetts Medical School will work together to develop,implement and evaluate a comprehensive emergency preparedness educational and training curriculum, Emergency Operations Plans for Individuals with Disabilities (EOPD). The Phase 1 modules, titled Introduction to Emergency Plans for Individuals with Disabilities and Identification of People with Disabilities in the Community: Mapping Techniques and Technology, will be part of a comprehensive curriculum designed to train emergency preparedness staff to anticipate, plan for and address the likely needs of children and adults with disabilities before, during, and after emergencies. The curriculum will be an anytime, anywhere training program available to anyone with Internet access. The product will be a fully hosted, Web-based distance learning instructionalprogram in which lessons will build upon one another, assisting learners to acquire a foundation of knowledge upon which more complex skill sets can be built. Learners who participate will apply knowledge acquired through the course to simulated or real life situations and adverse events that could potentially occur with this population during emergencies. Self-assessments will be built into each module to help them accurately and systematically assess their skills and develop learning plans to improve whenneeded. Accomplishing the aims of this project will ultimately impact the needs of individuals with disabilities as they become better prepared to confront emergencies and/or disasters. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: The proposed project and the resulting product will directly benefit individuals who provide emergency preparedness services to the public. By teaching emergency managers, responders and students about the unique challenges facing people with disabilities, they will be better informed, readyand able to serve the unique needs of this population. The project has three major objectives: (1) to design, develop, implement, and evaluate a new on-line training course titled Emergency Planning and Response for Individuals with Disabilities, (2) to develop a commercially viable software prototype, and (3) to evaluate the resulting program to determine the usability of the software and the effectiveness of the curriculum in disability relevant issues to emergency preparedness professionals.

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