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Srikanth S.,Prathima Institute of Medical science
Indian Journal of Cancer | Year: 2016

Introduction: The present study was done to know the various histopathological variants in cervical lesions, to know the age incidence and to know the preventive measures and early detection of cervical cancer. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective and prospective study done on all the hysterectomy specimens and on punch biopsy samples sent for histopathology. We studied a total of 500 cases for a period of 3 years. Results: Out of the 500 cases, 395 cases were non-neoplastic and 105 cases were neoplastic lesions. Chronic cervicitis was the most common non-neoplastic lesion and large cell non-keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma was the most common malignant lesion. Conclusion: The main aim of presenting this study is to highlight the various histopthological variants, age incidence and to educate about the preventive measures and early detection of cervical cancer. Source

Venkataramana V.,Prathima Institute of Medical science
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health | Year: 2016

Among the many factors that contribute to bacterial colonization, persistence and development of infection, the ability of microorganisms to form small colony variants (SCVs) assumes great significance. Although bacteria require intrinsic virulence factors to cause pathogenesis, some of them regularly evolve mechanisms to evade immune mechanisms, become resistant to antibiotics, and sustain in the human/animal cells to cause chronic infections. This mini review highlights the recent advances in the study of SCVs. © 2016 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. Source

Kandi V.,Prathima Institute of Medical science
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health | Year: 2015

Microorganisms possess many virulence factors that are usually decided by their genetic makeup. Not many virulence determinants of bacteria are phenotypically expressed. Capsule is one such bacterial organelle, which displays many functions that include adherence, resistance to immune clearance, protection against environmental factors, and many others including the typing of bacteria based on their specific capsular antigen and rapid diagnosis of capsulated bacterial infections using monoclonal/polyclonal anticapsular antibodies. Source

Background: Spiritual aspect of health is not a new concept and it has been an integral part of health care systems even before evidence based medicine has taken a lead role in the management of health and diseases. However the extent of spiritual component in medical practice in India still remains a mystery. To assess the existing knowledge and attitude regarding role of spirituality in current medical practice among medical professionals; a cross sectional analytical study was conducted among sample 300 medical professionals of various specialties in Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences; Karimnagar. Pretested structured questionnaire was sent with self administered envelope among study sample and collected back. Statistical analyses were made using Statistical Products and Service Solutions (SPSS) version 19 software with help of Community Medicine department. Descriptive statistics obtained were percentages, proportions and frequencies. Inferential statistics obtained were tests of significance including chi square test and Fischer's exact test wherever applicable. Out of 300 participants, 200 belonged to clinical, 70 Para clinical and 30 preclinical specialties. In the Study sample 70% were males, 40% of the participants belonged to 4th decade of life and Hinduism (80%) was the most commonly practiced religion. Regarding the assessment of knowledge vast majority of participants of all three specialties (94%, P value=0.00003) were aware of spiritual dimension in medical practice, distinguished spirituality from superstitions and 95% of the participants considered spirituality contributes to beneficial effects of medical treatment. With respect to attitude component, 70% considered meditation as the major spiritual practice, 80% cited social disorders as a possible area where spirituality may be helpful and 69.5% opined in favor of inclusion of spirituality in medical curriculum. Conclusion: Medical professionals of clinical, para clinical and preclinical specialties had a good knowledge about spiritual component in medical practice and its impact on health.In spite of this, a comprehensive report on concept and application of spirituality in medical education and health care system is lacking. There is further need to undertake research work in this field before introducing into medical curriculum and also to redefine the role of spirituality in the current medical practice. Source

Reddy C.K.,Prathima Institute of Medical science
Nepal Medical College journal : NMCJ | Year: 2010

Congenital anomalies of the urinary tract system are common. The ectopic pelvic kidney is a rare anomaly about 1:2500 live births, left side being more common. Here we are reporting a case of left ectopic kidney with non rotation and morphologically normal right kidney. The case was found during routine dissection in the department of anatomy in an adult male cadaver. There were no other anomalies observed. Source

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